Henry Smith Pritchett

Henry Smith Pritchett

Henry Smith Pritchett (April 16 1857 – August 28 1939) was a U.S. astronomer and educator.


Pritchett was born in Fayette, Missouri, and attended Pritchett College in Glasgow, Missouri, receiving an A.B. in 1875. He then took instruction from Asaph Hall for two years at the US Naval Observatory after which he was made an assistant astronomer. In 1880, he returned to Glasgow to take a position at the Morrison Observatory, where his father Carr Waller Pritchett, Sr. was director. He served as an astronomer on the Transit of Venus Expedition to New Zealand in 1882. When he returned in 1883, he took an appointment as professor of mathematics and astronomy and director of the observatory at Washington University in St. Louis. In the early 1890s he studied in Germany, where he earned the Ph.D. from the University of Munich in 1894.

He was Superintendent of the US Coast and Geodetic Survey from 1897 to 1900. He served as the president of MIT from 1900 to 1906. He was president of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching from 1906 until he retired in 1930. His principal contribution while with the CFAT was the institution of a fully-funded pension program (the Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association, TIAA) in 1918.

He also served as the first president of the National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education (1907). He had a long involvement with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and served as a trustee for Carnegie Institute of Washington.

Pritchett Lounge, on the second floor of Walker Memorial at MIT is named in his honor.

External links

* [http://www.history.noaa.gov/cgsbios/biop15.html NOAA biography]


* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/PASP./0051//0000304.000.html PASP 51 (1939) 304]


Lagemann, Ellen Condliffe. "Private Power for the Public Good: A History of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching". Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1983.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pritchett College — was a small institution that operated in Glasgow, Missouri from 1866 until 1922. It was founded as Pritchett School Institute and became known as Pritchett College after 1897.HistoryThe first classes were conducted in the 1866 67 academic year at …   Wikipedia

  • Pritchett — can refer to:People* Chris Pritchett, baseball player * Henry Smith Pritchett, astronomer * James Pritchett, actor * James Pritchett (footballer), soccer player * James Pigott Pritchett, architect * Kelvin Pritchett, football player * Aaron… …   Wikipedia

  • Cosmos Club — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district Contributing property …   Wikipedia

  • TIAA-CREF — Création 1918 Fondateurs Andrew Carnegie Forme juridique Private Company Siège social …   Wikipédia en Français

  • U.S. National Geodetic Survey — Closeup of a Geodetic Survey marker National Geodetic Survey, formerly called the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (U.S.C.G.S.), is a United States federal agency that defines and manages a national coordinate system, providing the foundation for… …   Wikipedia

  • Broad Canal — was a short canal in East Cambridge, Massachusetts, part of the now vanished canal system that made Cambridge an active seaport.The canal began in 1806 when Henry Hill, Rufus Davenport, and others laid out a canal system in the land and tidal… …   Wikipedia

  • Lechmere Canal — is a short canal in East Cambridge, Massachusetts. It opens onto the Charles River and used to be an active port for Boston Harbor and the Atlantic Ocean.During the 1800s the canal served as a seaport before the Charles River dam was interposed… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Presidents of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology — The Massachusetts Institute of Technology has had 18 presidents in its 141 year history.*William Barton Rogers (1862–1870, 1879–1881) *John Daniel Runkle (1870–1878) *Francis Amasa Walker (1881–1897) *James Crafts (1897–1900) *Henry Smith… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Princess Matoika (ID-2290) — under way in 1919 Career (Germany) …   Wikipedia

  • List of Members of the Order of the Companions of Honour — Below is a list of Members of the Order of the Companions of Honour from the order s creation in 1917 until the present day:Members*1917: Jan Smuts, Henry Gosling, The Marchioness of Lansdowne, Elizabeth Haldane, Kenneth Quinan, Sir Henry Smith,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.