Omni Coliseum


Omni Coliseum
Omni Coliseum
The Omni
The Omni in 1977
Location 100 Techwood Drive, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 30303
Coordinates 33°45′27″N 84°23′48″W / 33.7575°N 84.39667°W / 33.7575; -84.39667Coordinates: 33°45′27″N 84°23′48″W / 33.7575°N 84.39667°W / 33.7575; -84.39667
Opened 1972
Closed 1997
Demolished July 26, 1997
Owner City of Atlanta
Architect Thompson, Ventulett, Stainback & Associates
Capacity Basketball: 16,181 (1972-1977), 16,400 (1977-1984), 16,522 (1984-1987), 16,451 (1987-1988), 16,371 (1988-1990), 16,390 (1990-1991), 16,425 (1991-1992), 16,441 (1992-1993), 16,368 (1993-1994), 16,378 (1994-1997)
Ice hockey: 15,191 (1972-1984), 15,278 (1984-1997)
Tenants
Atlanta Flames (NHL) (1972–1980)
Atlanta Hawks (NBA) (1972–1997)
Atlanta Chiefs (NASL Indoors) (1979–1981)
Democratic National Convention (1988)
Atlanta Attack (AISA/NPSL) (1989–1991)
Atlanta Knights (IHL) (1992–1996)
Atlanta Fire Ants (RHI) (1994)
1977 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament
1996 Summer Olympics (indoor volleyball venue)

The Omni Coliseum, usually called The Omni, from the Latin for "all," or "every," was an indoor arena, located in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Completed in 1972, the arena seated 16,378, for basketball and 15,278, for ice hockey. It was part of the Omni Complex, now known as the CNN Center.

Demolished in 1997, the only remaining reminder is the scoreboard from the Omni that now hangs in the pavilion of the Philips Arena.

Contents

History

This arena was an architectural marvel when first constructed, combining innovative design for the roof, seating, and the structure itself. The logo is based on the unique seating arrangement. Its exterior of Cor-Ten was supposed to "surface rust" to seal itself, making a solid steel structure that would last for decades. The Omni was noted for its distinctive space frame roof, often joked about as looking like an egg crate or a rusty waffle iron[citation needed]. Designed by the firm of Thompson, Ventulett, Stainback & Associates with structural engineering work by the firm of Prybylowski and Gravino, the roof was technically described as an ortho-quad truss system. Elvis Presley performed twice in the Omni and a plaque was placed on an interior wall to that effect after his death. Other concerts held at the arena included shows by Van Halen, Bon Jovi, Def Leppard, Rod Stewart, Dwight Yoakam, Ozzy Osbourne, Metallica, and many,many others. Parts of Def Leppard's live home video "In The Round,In Your Face" were filmed at the Omni in October 1988.

Among the other non-sports events hosted at the Omni was the 1988 Democratic National Convention.

Basketball and hockey

The Omni was home to the NBA Atlanta Hawks from 19721997, the NHL Atlanta Flames from 19721980 (now the Calgary Flames), and the IHL Atlanta Knights (1992-1996). The Knights were the only pro team to win a championship in the building by winning the Turner Cup in 1994. The arena also hosted the 1977 NCAA Final Four, won by Marquette University over North Carolina in what was Warriors' (their nickname at the time) coach Al McGuire's last game, one SEC and three ACC men's basketball tournaments, the 1978 NBA All-Star Game, the 1993 NCAA Women's Basketball Final Four, and the indoor volleyball matches for the 1996 Summer Olympics. The Flames were replaced by the Atlanta Thrashers, who began play in 1999 after the Omni was demolished and Philips Arena was built.

Indoor soccer

The Omni also served as the indoor home of the Atlanta Chiefs of the North American Soccer League as well as the Atlanta Attack of the American Indoor Soccer Association.

Pro wrestling

The Omni was also home to many legendary professional wrestling events, as it was the "home arena" for many of WWE's rival promotions, starting with Georgia Championship Wrestling. After they were sold, the National Wrestling Alliance's Jim Crockett Promotions and its successor, Ted Turner/Time Warner's World Championship Wrestling used the building many times. In total, four Starrcades (1985, 1986, 1989, 1992) were held there, as well as parts of two NWA Great American Bash events (1986, 1987) and Slamboree 1993. In actuality, The Omni was not the "home arena" for Jim Crockett Promotions, it was the Greensboro Coliseum in North Carolina. When Turner bought out JCP in 1988, the Omni became the "home arena" for the NWA/WCW. The final wrestling event to take place in The Omni was an episode of WCW Monday Nitro on March 3, 1997.

Problems

Bird's eye view of the Omni Coliseum

One of the problems with the building was that some of the innovations were not successful. The worst was that the exterior never ceased rusting to seal itself. By the mid 1990s, the rusting exterior had holes big enough that chain link fences were installed in a number of locations to keep people from crawling though the wall to see events. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, a growing number of NBA and NHL teams started constructing new arenas with better amenities for their high-end customers, such as luxury boxes, club-level seating, and massive club concourses, in order to increase their revenue streams. Some of these new arenas had as many as 200 luxury boxes, compared to the Omni which had only had 16 such boxes, and no club level at all, thus putting the Atlanta Hawks at a disadvantage.[citation needed] It also became a disadvantage to the city of Atlanta; until the Georgia Dome was finished in 1992, the Omni served as its largest indoor facility in terms of seating capacity.

Built on a former railroad yard, after construction, the Omni settled more than its designers expected. There were unanticipated stresses in the space frame roof, which often leaked water.

Although the Omni hosted many events, it lost more than its share due to the smaller seating capacity and lack of amenities when compared to newer buildings in other cities. Despite quite enjoyable seating and viewing for the fans, the structure had the outward appearance of looking dated by the early-'90s (although the arena was only 20 years old), so there was a collective effort by many parties to build a replacement. This also stemmed from the desire of Ted Turner to own an NHL franchise; the Atlanta Flames had been sold to Canadian businessmen and relocated to Calgary, Alberta a decade earlier. However, the only way the league would approve an expansion team to him would be with the guarantee of a new arena. In 1997, the Omni was demolished, and Philips Arena was constructed on the same site. It opened two years later.

References

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Alexander Memorial Coliseum
Home of the
Atlanta Hawks

19721997
Succeeded by
Georgia Dome &
Alexander Memorial Coliseum
Preceded by
none
Home of the
Atlanta Flames

19721980
Succeeded by
Stampede Corral
Preceded by
The Spectrum
NCAA Men's Division I
Basketball Tournament
Finals Venue

1977
Succeeded by
The Checkerdome
Preceded by
MECCA Arena
Host of the
NBA All-Star Game

1978
Succeeded by
Pontiac Silverdome
Preceded by
Moscone Center
Host of the
Democratic National Convention

1988
Succeeded by
Madison Square Garden

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