Kachin Independent Army


Kachin Independent Army

The Kachin Independent Army (KIA) (also known as the Kachin Independence Army) is an independent army group still existing in Kachin State, particularly in the isolated Hukawng Valley, along Sino-Burma border in Northern Burma, and until 1994 at war with the various central governments in Rangoon to gain independence.

Formed February 5, 1961, it is the military force of an anti-government ethnic Kachin (also known as Jingpo) separatist movement called the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) that was formed in the same year. Despite the fact that it was ethnic rather than communist in orientation, the KIA obtained support from China in the earlier part of its existence, as relations between the Chinese and Burmese governments were at a low ebb at the time. Its strength, probably always fluctuating, has been estimated, variably, as between 4,000 and 5,000 fighters (from an estimate in the mid 1980s) to 8,000 (from an estimate in the late 1990s). During the war with the central government in Rangoon, the KIA was organized into four regional brigades.

It maintained a small base in Thailand to conduct trade with the outside world. The KIA controlled large opium producing areas and was heavily involved in its export.

In the late 1980s, the Chinese withdrew their support for the KIA, and the central government began to splinter the various ethnic-separatist groups in the Burmese opposition (which had never been particularly well-organized). In 1991, the Fourth Brigade of the KIA, on the Kachin-Shan border, splintered from the KIA and made a separate peace with the central government. The KIO leadership saw continued civil war as a dead end strategy, and engaged the central government to work out a cease-fire. In February 1994, the KIA entered into a ceasefire with the central government. Until the ceasefire, the KIA had been largely "de facto" independent in Kachin State. The KIA continues to exist after the ceasefire, although the central government's forces now occupy sectors of Kachin State.

References

*Chin, Kin Wah. "Defence Spending in Southeast Asia", p. 268. Singapore, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1987.
*Jongman, Albert J., and Schmid, Alex Peter. "Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, and Literature," p. 515. Piscataway, New Jersey, Transaction Publishers (Rutgers -- The State University), 2005 (paperback ed.)
*Rotberg, Robert I., and Lustig, Nora. "Burma: Prospects for a Democratic Future", p. 171. Washington, D.C., The World Peace Foundation, 1998.
*South, Ashley. "Mon Nationalism and Civil War in Burma: The Golden Sheldrake", pp. 166-167. London, RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.

External links

* [http://www.kachinstate.com/history.html Kachin's Anti-Government Forces]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kachin Independent Army — Die Kachin Independent Army (KIA), auch Kachin Independence Army genannt, ist der bewaffnete Arm der Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO), einer politischen Organisation in Myanmar (dem ehemaligen Birma), die sich für die Rechte der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kachin Independence Army —     / Kachin Independence Organization    (KIA/KIO)    Before it signed a cease fire with the State Law and Order Restoration Council in 1994, the Kachin Independence Army was one of the best organized and most effective border area insurgencies …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Kachin-Staat — 2697.333333333333 Koordinaten: 26° N, 97° O ကခ္ယင္‌ပ္ရည္‌နယ္‌ Kachin Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kachin Independence Organisation — The Kachin Independence Organisation, KIO (established on February 5, 1961) is an insurgent political organisation of Kachins (Jingpo) in Burma (or Myanmar) which effectively controlled the Kachin State (excluding major cities and the railway)… …   Wikipedia

  • Kachin State — Infobox Burmesestatedivision englishname = Kachin State burmesename = ကချင်ပြည်နယ် transcription = kahkyin pi nai capital = Myitkyina region = Northern area = 89,041 population =1,200,000 ethnic = Kachin, Bamar, Shan, Naga, Indians, Chinese… …   Wikipedia

  • Mong Tai Army — Fahne des MTA Die Muang Tai Army, auch Mong Tai Army geschrieben, ist eine ehemalige Widerstandsbewegung der Shan Minderheit in Myanmar (Birma). Die Shan Bedeutung von Tai ist frei , Muang kann mit Staat übersetzt werden. Die Muang Tai Army galt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • God's Army (Myanmar) — God s Army ist eine Rebellengruppe in Myanmar, dem ehemaligen Birma. God s Army wurde 1997 als eine Splittergruppe der Karen National Union gegründet. Sie setzte sich für die Unabhängigkeit des Kayin Staats von Myanmar ein. Ihre Mitglieder wurden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Myanmar Army — တပ်မတော်(ကြည်း Myanmar Army Flag Active Country Myanmar …   Wikipedia

  • Bewaffnete Konflikte in Birma — Karte der Staaten und Divisionen Myanmars Bewaffnete Konflikte in Myanmar bestehen seit der Erlangung der Unabhängigkeit von Myanmar (Birma bzw. Burma) 1948 bis heute. Hierbei kämpften und kämpfen Rebellengruppen aus ethnischen Minderheiten in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Communist Party of Burma — Flagge der KPB von 1946 bis 1969 Die Kommunistische Partei Birmas ist eine illegale Partei im heutigen Myanmar, dem ehemaligen Birma. In der Vergangenheit führte sie einen bewaffneten Kampf, oft in einer Allianz mit verschiedenen ethnischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia