- Anti-Party Group
The Anti-Party Group was an epithet used by
Nikita Khrushchevto describe Stalinistmembers of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It was led by Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Georgy Malenkovand joined by Dmitri Shepilovat the last minute after Kaganovich convinced him the group had a majority, and they attempted to depose Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Party in May 1957.
The Stalinists rejected both Khrushchev's liberalisation of Soviet society and his denunciation of the
personality cultof Stalin and Stalin's crimes.
Many regarded Khruschev's attacks on Stalin, most famously in the Secret Speech delivered at the
20th Congress of the CPSUin 1956as hypocritical as well as ideologically wrong, given Khrushchev's complete complicity in the Great Purge, and similar events as one of Stalin's favourites. They believed that Khrushchev's policy of peaceful coexistencewould leave the Soviet Union open to attack. In addition, they feared for their careers and possibly their lives in the continuing de-Stalinisation of Soviet life.
The "Anti-Party Group" won a vote in the Presidium to replace Khrushchev as party leader with Premier
Nikolai Bulganin. Khrushchev, with the backing of Defense Minister Georgy Zhukov, argued that only the Central Committee could remove him from office.
At an extraordinary session of the Central Committee held in late June, Khrushchev argued that his opponents were an anti-Party group and won a vote which reaffirmed his position as First Secretary and expelled Molotov, Kaganovich and Malenkov from the Presidium and ultimately from the Communist Party itself. In
1958, Bulganin was forced to retire, with Khrushchev then becoming Premier as well as First Secretary.
The defeat of the Anti-Party Group marked a new departure in Soviet politics as it established the primacy of political maneuvering over the use of force. In the stormy meeting of the CPSU, Zhukov had come close to threatening the oppositionists with force (even as he denounced them for having the blood of Stalin's victims on their hands) but in fact there were no killings or even show trials following Khruschev's triumph. Instead, the members of the Anti-Party group were "retired", with some of them being given relatively unimportant positions (Kaganovich was made the director of a small potassium factory in the
Urals, Molotov was made ambassador to Mongolia, Malenkov was made director of a hydroelectric plant in Kazakhstanand Shepilov was sent to Kirgizstanto head the Economics Institute of the local Academy of Sciences). They all lived mostly quiet lives from then on, with Molotov and Kaganovich becoming pensioners by 1962, Shepilov remaining on the sidelines even after being allowed to rejoin the CPSU in 1976, and Malenkov living the remainder of his life completely removed from politics.
* [http://www.soviethistory.org/index.php?action=L3&ArticleID=1956anti1&SubjectID=1956antiparty&Year=1956 Khrushchev Expels the 'Anti-Party Group'] Central Committee decree on the Anti-Party Group, June 29, 1957
* ISBN 5-264-00505-2
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Anti-fascism — Dutch Resistance members with US 101st Airborne troops in Eindhoven, September 1944 Anti fascism is the opposition to fascist ideologies, groups and individuals, such as that of the resistance movements during World War II. The related term… … Wikipedia
Anti-Zionism — This article is about opposition to and criticism of Zionism. For criticism of Israeli policy, see Criticism of the Israeli government. See also: Timeline of Anti Zionism Anti Zionism is opposition to Zionistic views or opposition to the state of … Wikipedia
Anti-nuclear movement in the United States — The anti nuclear movement in the United States is comprised of more than forty loosely affiliated largely grass roots anti nuclear groups opposing (see Nuclear debate) the generation of nuclear power either locally, nationally or world wide.The… … Wikipedia
Anti-Parliamentary Communist Federation — The Anti Parliamentary Communist Federation (APCF) was a communist group in Britain. It was founded by the group around Guy Aldred s Spur newspaper mostly former Communist League members in 1921. They included John McGovern.The group sent… … Wikipedia
Anti-Germans (communist current) — This article pertains to the Anti German current, for other uses see Anti German sentiment Anti German ( de. Antideutsch) is the generic name applied to a variety of theoretical and political tendencies within the radical, communist left mainly… … Wikipedia
Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany — [ Nazi Germany initiated a strong anti tobacco movement] and several of them openly criticized tobacco consumption. Research on smoking and its effects on health thrived under Nazi rulecitation|last=Proctor|first=Robert N.|title=Nazi Medicine and … Wikipedia
Party of Democratic Socialism (Germany) — This article is about the party before the merger with WASG in 2007. For the current, post merger party, see The Left (Germany). Party of Democratic Socialism Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus / Die Linkspartei.PDS Former German F … Wikipedia
Party of Independence and Labour — The Party of Independence and Labour ( fr. Parti de l Indépendence et du Travail) is a communist political party in Senegal. The current general secretary is Amath Dansokho.PIT emerged out of the Senegalese branch of the African Independence… … Wikipedia
Anti-Arabism — or Arabophobia is prejudice or hostility against people of Arabic origin. Anti Arabism is commonly associated with Islamophobia [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/race/story/0,11374,1120849,00.html The Guardian: Islamophobia should be as unacceptable… … Wikipedia
Anti-intellectualism — describes a sentiment of hostility towards, or mistrust of, intellectuals and intellectual pursuits. This may be expressed in various ways, such as attacks on the merits of science, education, art, or literature.Anti intellectuals often perceive… … Wikipedia