Chalcedon (titular see)

Chalcedon (titular see)

Chalcedon (Italian Calcedonia) is a Catholic titular see, having the status of archdiocese.[1] During the seventeenth century, the title Bishop of Chalcedon was officially given to the Roman Catholic Bishop of England after 1623.



Chalcedon was an episcopal see at an early date; after the Council of Chalcedon it became a metropolitan see, but without suffragans. There is a list of its bishops in Lequien,[2] completed by Anthimus Alexoudes,[3] revised for the early period by Pargoire.[4] Among others are

  • St. Adrian, a martyr;
  • St. John, Sts. Cosmas and Nicetas, during the Iconoclastic period;
  • Maris, the Arian;
  • Heraclianus, who wrote against the Manichæans and the Monophysites;
  • Leo, persecuted by Alexius Comnenus.

The titular Latin see is suffragan of Nicomedia. Lequien[5] mentions eight Latin bishops, from 1345 to 1443; Eubel[6] has ten names, from 1293 to 1525. Five other titular bishops of the sixteenth century are mentioned in the "Revue bénédictine".[7][8]

The title in England

The title refers to an ancient see in Asia Minor because King James I of England agreed to allow a bishop to be named provided he did not have a title derived from an English See. The Bishop of Chalcedon had full authority over the regular priests and secular priests in England, Wales and Scotland.


See also


  • Leys, M. D. R., Catholics in England 1559-1829: A social history (London : Camelot Press Ltd., 1961)


  1. ^ Catholic Hierarchy page
  2. ^ I, 599.
  3. ^ In Anatolikos Aster, XXX, 108.
  4. ^ In Echos d'Orient, III, 85, 204; IV, 21, 104.
  5. ^ III, 1019.
  6. ^ I, 199; II, 141.
  7. ^ 1904, 144-45, 155-56.
  8. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia article

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 

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