John Boehner


John Boehner

Infobox Officeholder
name = John Boehner


imagesize =
small

caption =
predecessor = Nancy Pelosi
order = 21st Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives
term_start = January 4, 2007
order2 = 25th Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives
term_start2 = February 2, 2006
term_end2 = January 3, 2007
predecessor2 = Roy Blunt (Interim)
successor2 = Steny Hoyer
successor =
order3 = Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio's 8th District
term_start3 = January 3, 1991
term_end3 =
vicepresident3 =
viceprimeminister3 =
deputy3 =
president3 =
primeminister3 =
predecessor3 = Buz Lukens
successor3 =
birth_date = birth date|1949|11|17|mf=y (age 58)
birth_place = Reading, Ohio
death_date =
death_place =
constituency =
party = Republican
spouse = Deborah L. Gunlack (from 1973)
children = Lindsay Boehner
Tricia Boehner
profession = business consultant
alma_mater =Xavier University
religion = Roman Catholic
residence= West Chester, Ohio


footnotes =
branch=United States Navy
serviceyears=1968

John Andrew Boehner pronEng|ˈbeɪnɚ, born November 17, 1949, is an American politician of the Republican Party who is currently serving as the House Minority Leader in the 110th Congress, and a U.S. Representative from ushr|Ohio|8|Ohio's 8th congressional district, which includes portions of the Cincinnati and Dayton suburbs, as well as a small portion of Dayton itself.

On February 2, 2006, John Boehner was elected House Majority Leader following Tom DeLay's resignation from the post after a criminal indictment. On November 17, 2006, after the Republican defeat in the 2006 elections, Boehner was elected House Minority Leader for the 110th Congress.

Background and personal life

John Boehner was born in Cincinnati in November 1949 as one of 12 brothers and sisters. He has lived in Southwest Ohio his entire life. After graduating from Cincinnati’s Moeller High School in 1968, Boehner enlisted in the United States Navy during the height of the Vietnam War. He was discharged after eight weeks of training because of a bad back. [ [http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2002/09/23/loc_military_service.html enquirer.com] ] He received a bachelor's degree in business from Xavier University in Cincinnati in 1977 [ [http://johnboehner.house.gov/Biography/] ] , and then worked as a businessman.

He and his wife Debbie have been married for 33 years. They have two daughters – Lindsay and Tricia – and live in the Wetherington section of West Chester Township, Butler County, Ohio. Boehner is a notorious chain smoker. [http://www.opencongress.org/people/news/400036_john_boehner/90?sort=newest]

Political career

In 1981 Boehner served on the board of trustees of Union Township, Butler County, Ohio. In 1984, he served as president of that board.

John Boehner served as an Ohio state representative from 1985 to 1990. In 1990, Boehner was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in the 102nd Congress. During his freshman year, Boehner and fellow members of the Gang of Seven took on the House establishment and during the House banking scandal, successfully closed the House Bank, uncovered "dine-and-dash" practices at the House Restaurant, and exposed drug sales and illegal cash-for-stamps deals at the House Post Office. [http://johnboehner.house.gov/Biography/]

From 1995 to 1999, Boehner was the House Republican Conference Chairman. He was the chairman of the House Education and the Workforce Committee from 2001 until 2006, when he resigned to become House Majority Leader.

Boehner is widely credited with championing the 1994 Contract With America, the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996, and the passage of "No Child Left Behind Act." He was also alleged to be one of the key figures in the failed 1998 coup to replace House Speaker Newt Gingrich with Buffalo, New York congressman Bill Paxon.Fact|date=June 2007

Congressional leadership

Boehner was elected House Majority Leader on February 2 2006, following Tom DeLay's departure after DeLay was indicted on criminal charges.

There was some confusion on the first ballot for Majority Leader. The first count showed one more vote was cast than there were Republicans present at the Conference meeting. [ [http://rollcall.com/issues/1_1/breakingnews/12015-1.html Roll Call] ] However, this turned out to be due to a misunderstanding as to whether the rules allowed Resident Commissioner Luis Fortuño of Puerto Rico to vote or not. [ [http://edition.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0602/02/lol.01.html CNN] ]

Boehner campaigned as a reform candidate who could help the both parties of the House cleanse and recover from years of political damage caused by charges of ethics violations, corruption, and money laundering leveled against both parties in the House. He defeated Majority Whip Roy Blunt of Missouri and Representative John Shadegg of Arizona, even though he was considered an underdog candidate to Blunt.

Shadegg dropped out of the race after finishing third in the first round of voting. In the second round, Boehner received 122 votes compared to 109 for Blunt. Blunt kept his previous position as Majority Whip, the No. 3 leadership position in the House.

Although Boehner has a strong reputation, religious conservatives in the GOP were not satisfied with his positions. According to the "Washington Post": "From illegal immigration to sanctions on China to an overhaul of the pension system, Boehner, as chairman of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, took ardently pro-business positions that were contrary to those of many in his party. Religious conservatives — examining his voting record — see him as a policymaker driven by small-government economic concerns, not theirs… [He opposes] a tough illegal immigration bill that passed in December [2005] with overwhelming Republican support over Boehner's opposition. One provision in the bill would mandate that every business verify the legality of every employee through the federal terrorism watch list and a database of Social Security numbers. For the bill's authors, the measure is central to choking off illegal immigrants' employment opportunities. To business groups and Boehner, it is unworkable." [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/11/AR2006021100842.html Washington Post] ]

On May 25, 2006, Boehner issued a fiery statement defending his agenda and attacking his "Democrat friends" such as Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi. Boehner said, regarding national security, that voters "have a choice between a Republican Party that understands the stakes and is dedicated to victory, and a Democrat Party (sic) with a non-existent national security policy that sheepishly dismisses the challenges of a post-9/11 world and is all too willing to concede defeat on the battlefield in Iraq." [ [http://hotlineblog.nationaljournal.com/archives/2006/05/maj_leader_john.html National Journal] ]

According to the 2008 Congress.org Power Ranking, Minority Leader Boehner is the 6th (5th?) most powerful congressman (preceding by Speaker Pelosi, Majority Leader Hoyer, Ways and Means Committee Chairman Charles Rangel and Transportation Committee Chairman, Dean of the House John Dingell, all Democrats) and most powerful Republican [http://www.congress.org/congressorg/power_rankings/overall.tt] .

Controversies

Campaign Contributions

In June 1995, Boehner's conduct was questioned when he distributed campaign contributions from tobacco industry lobbyists on the House floor as House members were weighing how to vote on tobacco subsidies. [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/02/AR2006020202571_pf.html Washington post] , [http://mediamatters.org/items/200602030001 Media Matters] ] Boehner stopped handing out the checks only "after being questioned about the practice by two freshmen who’d heard about the handoff on the House floor". While his conduct was legal, he later apologized for handing out the checks. [ [http://newsmax.com/archives/articles/2006/1/24/172633.shtml?s=lh Boehner's Special-Interest Past Gives GOP Pause] . Associated Press. Retrieved March 11, 2007.] [ [http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2006-01-16-house-leader-boehner_x.htm USA Today] ] He later led the effort to change House rules and prohibit campaign contributions from being distributed on the House floor. [See [http://www.rules.house.gov/ruleprec/109th.pdf House Rule IV 7] at rules.house.gov.]

In October 2004, Rose DiNapoli, a lobbyist for student loan giant Sallie Mae, held a fundraiser in her Arlington, Va., home for Boehner. At the dinner, 34 Sallie Mae executives — including more than half the senior management team — wrote checks, most for $1,000 apiece, for Boehner's political action committee. At the time, Boehner was the chairman of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce. [ [http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2005/12/26/8364649/index.htm CNN Money] ]

In December 2005, Boehner told non-profit lenders that he thought they would be happy with the final results of the reauthorization of the Higher Education Act. "Know that I have all of you in my two trusted hands," he said, "I've got enough rabbits up my sleeve to be able to get where we need to." Boehner championed a bill making steep cuts to for-profit lender subsidies in an effort to save more than $13 billion in the "Deficit Reduction Act", though the final package "soften [ed] [proposed] cuts to lenders" and "deal [t] a serious blow to the competing direct-loan program." [ [http://chronicle.com/temp/reprint.php?id=yt9g0l1dggqq1ssjmmq9nvdmk78fclhb chronicle.com] ] The direct-loan program gives students access to loans from taxpayers, instead of through private lenders and banks. Supporters of Direct Loans suggest "direct-lending program costs taxpayers much less than extending loans through lenders like Sallie Mae. [ [https://ssl.tnr.com/p/docsub.mhtml?i=20060220&s=clark022006 The New Republic] ] But Herbert London says the Direct Loan "program has not provided savings and is paying out more in interest payments — calculated at about $16.5 billion — than it has received from borrowers since its inception" starting with the GI Bill after World War II. [ [http://republicans.edlabor.house.gov/PRArticle.aspx?NewsID=94 The New York Sun] ]

Boehner's PAC raised $31,500 from four Indian tribes who at one time were associated with lobbyist Jack Abramoff, [ [http://www.capitaleye.org/abramoff_recips_detail.asp?type=R&Name=John+Boehner+%28R%2DOhio%29 CapitalEye.org] ] who was the central figure in an felony lobbying scandal. Boehner and spokesmen for the Indian tribes say that the contributions were not related to Abramoff's lobbying.

Boehner rents a two-bedroom Capitol Hill apartment for $1600 a month. The building is owned by the Washington lobbyist John D. Milne; the "Washington Post" evaluated the building's rent to be about the market rate. [Thomas B. Edsall and Jonathan Weisman, [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/07/AR2006020701913.html "Boehner Rents Apartment Owned by Lobbyist in D.C."] , "Washington Post", February 8, 2006] Boehner does not deny his close ties to "K Street" lobbyists and says that his relationships are ethical.

Lawsuit against Congressman McDermott

Boehner has been involved in a lawsuit, first filed in 1998, against fellow Congressman Jim McDermott of Washington — the first such case ever between two sitting Congressmen. Boehner v. McDermott centered on the release by McDermott to the media of the tape of a conference call between Boehner, and other Republican Congressional leaders that had been illegally recorded with a radio scanner and given to McDermott by a Florida couple. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/02/washington/02court.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&oref=slogin] New York Times] The call was a discussion of strategy over an investigation of Gingrich by the House Ethics Committee. [ [http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/congress/january97/cellular_1-14.html NewsHour] , Public Broadcasting Service] Gingrich had publicly pledged not to organize opposition to the probe. The Florida couple were later fined $500 for violating the federal wiretapping law. McDermott was ordered to pay $60,000 to Boehner in addition to attorney fees and costs, which may amount to $500,000 based on his violation of House Ethics rules.Roxana Tiron, [http://www.thehill.com/thehill/export/TheHill/News/Frontpage/032906/mcdermott.html "Court backs Boehner in McDermott suit"] ,"The Hill", March 29, 2006 "Accessed April 2006"]

2006 Mark Foley scandal

Republican Leader John Boehner told "The Washington Post" that he knew of "contact" between Foley and Congressional pages in the spring, but was unaware of their nature or content. Boehner maintains that he believes he informed Speaker Dennis Hastert, and that Hastert assured him it had been "taken care of." Boehner says that he was unaware of Foley's e-mails and instant messages until the messages were released to ABC News and other sources.

2006 re-election campaign

In the November 2006 election, Boehner easily defeated the Democratic Party candidate, U.S. Air Force veteran Mort Meier, 64% to 36%. [cite news | url=http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2006//pages/results/states/OH/index.html | title=State Races: Ohio 2006 Elections| publisher=CNN | date= November 2006 | first= | last= | accessdate = 2006-03-16]

ee also

*United States House of Representatives elections in Ohio, 2008

Footnotes

References

* Barone, Michael, and Grant Ujifusa, "The Almanac of American Politics 2006: The Senators, the Representatives and the Governors: Their Records and Election Results, Their States and Districts" (2005) pp 1328–32.

External links

* [http://johnboehner.house.gov/ Congressman John Boehner] official U.S. House website
* [http://www.fojb.com/ Friends of John Boehner] official campaign site
* [http://republicanleader.house.gov/ Office of the House Minority Leader]
* [http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=John_Boehner Profile] at SourceWatch Congresspedia
* [http://www.newsmeat.com/campaign_contributions_to_politicians/donor_list.php?candidate_id=H0OH08029 Campaign contributions] from NewsMeat
* [http://www.nndb.com/people/378/000032282/ NNDB profile — John Boehner]
* [http://edworkforce.house.gov/ Committee on Education & the Workforce]
* [http://www.freedomproject.org The Freedom Project]
* [http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/boehner200408230830.asp The Charter Difference (8.24.04)]
* [http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=105002027 The Farm State Pig Out (2002-05-05)]
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/05/AR2006020500934.html Washington Post article]
* [http://www.dccc.org/stakeholder/archives/004294.html 2006 attack on Boehner's record from Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee]
* [http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20060208/ap_on_go_co/boehner_abramoff_1 Alleged Abramoff ties]
* "Gingrich is Heard Urging Tactics in Ethics Case." "The New York Times", January 10 1997, p. A1

Persondata
NAME=Boehner, John Andrew
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Ohio politician
DATE OF BIRTH=November 17, 1949
PLACE OF BIRTH=Reading, Ohio
DATE OF DEATH=living
PLACE OF DEATH=


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