Infobox Former Country
native_name = "Schutzgebiet Togo"
conventional_long_name = Togoland protectorate
common_name = Togoland|
continent = Africa
region = West Africa
era = New Imperialism
status = Protectorate
empire = Germany
year_start = 1884
year_end = 1914
life_span = 1884-1914|
event_start = Protectorate established
July 5, 1884
event_end = Allied occupation
August 26, 1914
event_post = Togoland partitioned
December 27, 1916|
s1 = British Togoland
flag_s1 = Flag of the Gold Coast.svg
s2 = French Togoland
flag_s2 = Flag of France.svg|
image_map_caption = Togoland (red). Other German colonies in blue|
Bagida(1884-86) Sebeab(1886-97) Lomé(1897- )
common_languages = German
German gold mark
Togoland was a German
protectoratein West Africafrom 1884 to 1914. The protectorate was established during the " Scramble for Africa", when German explorer and imperialist Gustav Nachtigalarrived at Togoville, sent as a special commissioner by Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck. On July 5 1884, a treaty was signed with the local chief, Mlapa III, in which the German Empiredeclared a protectorate over a stretch of territory along the coast of the Bight of Benin. Nachtigal was " Reichskommissar" for a day, but was replaced on July 6by Heinrich Randadas other tasks were waiting for Nachtigal in Northern Africa.
Germany gradually extended its control inland. They brought scientific cultivation to the country's main export crops (
cacao, coffeeand cotton) and developed its infrastructure to one of the highest levels in Africa. Because it became Germany's only self-supporting colony, Togoland was known as its model possession. This would last until the eruption of World War I.
After calling on German forces to surrender on 6 August 1914, French and British forces invaded the colony the next day, occupying Lome and advancing on a powerful radio station near Kamina (just east of
Atakpamé). The colony surrendered on August 26, after the Germans had destroyed the station on the night of August 24/25. On December 27 1916, Togoland was divided into French and British administrative zones. Following the war, Togoland formally became a League of NationsClass B mandate divided for administrative purposes into French Togolandand British Togoland(covering respectively about 2/3 and 1/3 of the territory).
As a result, the French-ruled part of Togoland became what is now
Togo, with the rest transferred to Ghanafollowing a plebiscite.
History of Togo
German West African Company
List of former German colonies
References in Popular Culture
In the popular Canadian sketch comedy show,
Second City Television(which ran from 1976 to 1984), the news segment skit "SCTV News" regularly included news bulletins about natural catastrophes in Togoland, although the country no longer had that name.
* [http://www.deutsche-schutzgebiete.de/webpages/Togo_Karte_1912.jpgMap of Togoland]
* [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/images/d/de!tgl13.gifProposed flag of Togoland]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Togoland — Schutzgebiet Togo (de) 1884 – 1916 … Wikipédia en Français
Togoland — [tō′gō land΄] former German protectorate (until 1919); it was divided between France & Great Britain: the British part is now part of Ghana (since 1957), & the French part is now Togo (since 1958) … English World dictionary
Togoland — Schutzgebiet Togo … Deutsch Wikipedia
Togoland — Togolander, n. /toh goh land /, n. a former German protectorate in W Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea: E part is now the Republic of Togo; W part, a British mandate 1922 46 and trusteeship 1946 57, is now part of Ghana. * * * Former German… … Universalium
Togoland — /ˈtoʊgoʊlænd/ (say tohgohland) noun a former German protectorate in western Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea; in 1922 divided by League of Nations mandate into French Togoland in the east and British Togoland in the west; French Togoland is now a… … Australian English dictionary
Togoland — geographical name region W Africa on Gulf of Guinea between Benin & Ghana; until 1919 a German protectorate, then divided into two trust territories: British Togoland (in W; since 1957 part of Ghana) & French Togo (in E; since 1958 Togo) •… … New Collegiate Dictionary
Togoland — noun A former German protectorate in Africa, in what is now Togo … Wiktionary
TOGOLAND — a German protectorate on the Slave Coast, in Upper Guinea, Gold Coast Colony on the W., and Dahomey on the E.; exports palm oil and ivory … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Togoland — To•go•land [[t]ˈtoʊ goʊˌlænd[/t]] n. geg a region in W Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea: a German protectorate until 1919, then divided between France and Great Britain; the French part is now the Republic of Togo; the British part is now part of… … From formal English to slang
Togoland — Togolander, n. /toh goh land /, n. a former German protectorate in W Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea: E part is now the Republic of Togo; W part, a British mandate 1922 46 and trusteeship 1946 57, is now part of Ghana … Useful english dictionary