- Pope Pelagius I
English name=Pelagius I
March 4, 561
Pope Pelagius I was
popefrom 556 to March 4, 561.
He came from a Roman noble family. His father, John, seems to have been vicar of one of the two civil "dioceses", or districts, into which
Italywas then divided. Pelagius accompanied Pope Agapetus Ito Constantinople, and was appointed by him " nuncio" of the Roman Church to that city. [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11602a.htm]
Pope Vigiliuswent to Constantinople on the orders of Emperor Justinian I, Pelagius stayed in Rome as the pope's representative. Totila, King of the Goths, had begun to blockade the city. Pelagius poured out his own fortune for the benefit of the famine-stricken people, and tried to induce the king to grant a truce. Though he failed, he afterwards induced Totila to spare the lives of the people when he captured Rome in December, 546. Totila sent Pelagius to Constantinople in order to arrange a peace with Justinian I, but the emperor sent him back to say that his general Belisariuswas in command in Italy.
Traditionally he is credited with the building of the
Santi Apostoliin Rome, ordered to celebrate the complete victory of Narsesover the Ostrogoths.
Pelagius was elected Pope as Justinian's candidate. While before his ordination he opposed Justinian's efforts to condemn the "Three Chapters" in order to reconcile theological factions in the Church, afterwards Pelagius adopted Justinian's position. This damaged the papacy's reputation in northern Italy,
Gaul, and elsewhere in Western Europe, and his successors over the next 50 years spent much effort undoing the damage.
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