Disporum


Disporum
Disporum
Flower of Disporum viridescens growing in cultivation in England
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
clade: Angiosperms
clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Colchicaceae
Genus: Disporum
Salisb. ex G.Don
Species

See text

Disporum is a genus of about 20 species of perennial flowering plants, found in Asia from northern India to Japan. In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Colchicaceae.[1]. The genus previously included five species in North America, but these have been separated as the genus Prosartes D.Don and moved to the family Liliaceae in accordance to differencies in karyology and chemistry as well as results from molecular systematic investigations.[2]

Species

  • Disporum acuminatissimum W.L.Sha
  • Disporum acuminatum C.H.Wright
  • Disporum bodinieri (H.Lév. & Vaniot) F.T.Wang & Tang
  • Disporum calcaratum D.Don
  • Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr.
  • Disporum hainanense Merr.
  • Disporum jinfoshanense X.Z.Li, D.M.Zhang & D.Y.Hong
  • Disporum kawakamii Hayata (syn. Disporum taiwanense S.S.Ying)
  • Disporum leschenaultianum D.Don (possibly a synonym of Disporum cantoniense)
  • Disporum leucanthum H.Hara
  • Disporum longistylum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) H.Hara
  • Disporum lutescens Koidz.
  • Disporum megalanthum F.T.Wang & Tang
  • Disporum nantouense S.S.Ying
  • Disporum sessile (Thunb.) D.Don
  • Disporum shimadae Hayata
  • Disporum smilacinum A.Gray
  • Disporum tonkinense Koyama
  • Disporum trabeculatum Gagnep.
  • Disporum uniflorum Baker ex S.Moore (syn. Disporum flavens Kitagawa - yellow fairybells)
  • Disporum viridescens (Maxim.) Nakai
Disporum viridescens in cultivation in England

Excluded species in North America

  • Disporum hookeri (Torr.) G.Nicholson – now Prosartes hookeri Torr. - Hooker's fairy bells
  • Disporum lanuginosum (Michx.) G.Nicholson – now Prosartes lanuginosa (Michx.) D.Don - yellow mandarin
  • Disporum maculatum (Buckley) Britton – now Prosartes maculata (Buckley) A.Gray - spotted or nodding mandarin
  • Disporum smithii (Hook.) Piper – now Prosartes smithii (Hook.) Utech, Shinwari & Kawano - Smith's fairy bells
  • Disporum trachycarpum (S.Watson) Benth. & Hook.f. – now Prosartes trachycarpa S.Watson - rough-fruited fairy bells

References

  1. ^ World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/home.do, retrieved 2011-11-10 , search for "Disporum"
  2. ^ Shinwari, Z.K.; Terauchi, R.; Utech, F.H. & Kawano, S. (1994), "Recognition of the New World Disporum Section Prosartes as Prosartes (Liliaceae) Based on the Sequence Data of the rbcL Gene", Taxon 43 (3): 353–366, doi:10.2307/1222713 
  • Flora of China (2000) 24: 154–158.

External links