- Roscoe Pound
box_width = 200px
name = Roscoe Pound
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birth_date = birth date|1870|10|27
death_date = death date and age|1964|6|30|1870|10|27
nationality = flag|United States
Harvard Law School
alma_mater = University of Nebraska
Nathan Roscoe Pound (
October 27, 1870– June 30, 1964) was a distinguished American legal scholar and educator.
Pound was born in
Lincoln, Nebraska, USA to Stephen Bosworth Poundand Laura Pound.
Pound studied botany at the University of Nebraska (BA, 1888, & MA, 1889) in Lincoln, Nebraska. In 1889, he began the study of law; he spent one year at Harvard but never received a law degree. He received the first
Ph.D., in botany, from the University of Nebraska in 1898.
In 1903, Pound became dean of the
University of NebraskaCollege of Law. In 1910, Pound began teaching at Harvard and in 1916 became dean of Harvard Law School. He wrote "Spurious Interpretation" in 1907, " Outlines of Lectures on Jurisprudence" in 1914, " The Spirit of the Common Law" [http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/lawfacpub/1/] in 1921, " Law and Morals" in 1924, and " Criminal Justice in America" in 1930. He was the founder of the movement for "sociological jurisprudence," an influential critic of the U.S. Supreme Court's "liberty of contract" line of cases, symbolized by " Lochner v. New York" (1905), and one of the early leaders of the movement for American Legal Realism, which argued for a more pragmatic and public-interested interpretation of law and a focus on how the legal process actually occurred, as opposed to the arid legal formalism which prevailed in American jurisprudence at the time. Pound would later turn against the movement and became a leading critic of the legal realists later in his life.
Criminal Justice in Cleveland
In 1922, Roscoe Pound and
Felix Frankfurterundertook a detailed quantitative study of crime reporting in Cleveland newspapers for the month of January 1919, using column inch counts. They found that, whereas, in the first half of the month, the total amount of space given over to crime was 925 inches, in the second half it leapt to 6642 inches. This was in spite the fact that the number of crimes reported had only increased from 345 to 363. They concluded that although the city's much publicized "crime wave" was largely fictitious and manufactured by the press, the coverage had a very real consequence for the administration of criminal justice. Because the public believed they were in the middle of a crime epidemic, they demanded an immediate response from the police and the city authorities. These agencies wishing to retain public support, complied, caring "more to satisfy popular demand than to be observant of the tried process of law" The result was a greatly increased likelihood of miscarriages of justice and sentences more severe than the offenses warranted.cite book
first =Klaus Bruhn
date =May 10, 2002
title =A Handbook of Media and Communication Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Methodologies
id =ISBN 0-415-22588-4 p. 45-46 ] cite book
last = Pound
coauthors =Felix Frankfurter
title =Criminal Justice in Cleveland
publisher =The Cleveland Foundation
location =Cleveland, OH
id = p. 546]
One of his most oft-quoted views was on professionalism: The term [professionalism] refers to a group pursuing a learned art as a common calling in the spirit of public service - no less a public service because it may incidentally be a means of livelihood. Pursuit of the learned art in the spirit of a public service is the primary purpose. cite book
title =The Lawyer from Antiquity to Modern Times
publisher =West Publishing Co.,
location =St. Paul, Minn.
id = p. 5.]
*In 1903 Pound, with
George Condra, founded the Society of Innocents, the preeminent senior honor society at Nebraska. It is still in existence.
*Pound is a member of the
Nebraska Hall of Fame.
*Pound was a Freemason, and was a member and Past Master of Lancaster Lodge No. 54 AF & AM Lincoln, Nebraska.
*Pound helped to found
The Harvard Lodge A.F. & A.M.along with Kirsopp Lakea Professor of the Divinity School, and others.
* Pound was the brother of noted folklorist and scholar
A Test of the News
*Pound, Roscoe. "American National Biography". 17:760-763. 1999.
* [http://www.nebraskahistory.org/lib-arch/research/manuscripts/family/poundroscoe.htm Roscoe Pound papers] at
Nebraska State Historical Society
* [http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/midwestqtrly/6/ Justice According to Law] (1914) essay
* [http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/lawfacpub/1/ The Spirit of the Common Law] (1921) book based on Dartmouth Alumni Lectures
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Roscoe Pound — (1916) Roscoe Pound (* 27. Oktober 1870 in Lincoln, Nebraska; † 1. Juli 1964 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Botaniker, Jurist und Hochschullehrer, der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Roscoe Pound — Nathan Roscoe Pound né le 27 octobre 1870 mort le 30 juin 1964 était un juriste américain important, l un des fondateurs de la jurisprudence sociologique. Il fut également très longtemps doyen de la Harvard School of Law. C était également un… … Wikipédia en Français
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Pound — may refer to:Units*Pound (currency), a unit of currency in various countries *Pound sign, £ *Pound sterling, the fundamental unit of currency in Great Britain * Pound (force), a unit of force *Pound (mass), various units of mass *Number sign, #,… … Wikipedia
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Pound, Roscoe — born Oct. 27, 1870, Lincoln, Neb., U.S. died July 1, 1964, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. legal educator and botanist. After studying botany at the University of Nebraska and law at Harvard University (1889–90), he was admitted to the Nebraska bar, and he … Universalium
roscoe — /ros koh/, n. Older Slang. a revolver or pistol. [1910 15, Amer.; of uncert. orig.] * * * (as used in expressions) Conkling Roscoe Murrow Edward Egbert Roscoe Pound Roscoe * * * … Universalium
Roscoe — /ros koh/, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning swift and horse. * * * (as used in expressions) Conkling Roscoe Murrow Edward Egbert Roscoe Pound Roscoe * * * … Universalium
Pound, Roscoe — (27 oct. 1870, Lincoln, Nebraska, EE.UU.–1 jul. 1964, Cambridge, Mass.). Educador en materias jurídicas y botánico estadounidense. Después de estudiar botánica en la Universidad de Nebraska y derecho en la de Harvard (1889–90), ingresó al colegio … Enciclopedia Universal