John Charles Polanyi


John Charles Polanyi

John Charles Polanyi,, (in Hungarian Polányi János) PC, CC, FRSC, FRS (born January 23, 1929) is a Hungarian-Canadian chemist.

He was born in Berlin, son of distinguished Hungarian chemist Michael Polanyi and Magda Elizabeth Polanyi, and nephew of influential economist Karl Polanyi. The family moved to England in 1933 where Polanyi studied at Manchester Grammar School and the University of Manchester – his father's workplace – achieving his doctorate in 1952. Emigrating to Canada in 1952, he worked for the National Research Council of Canada before moving to the University of Toronto in 1956, where he has been University Professor since 1974 and was a founding Senior Fellow of Massey College.

He is a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, having been sworn in on July 1, 1992. In 1974 he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1979. Polanyi is also a 'Pugwashite'.

Through development of the technique of infrared chemiluminescence he developed the understanding of chemical kinetics.

He also won the 1986 Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly with Yuan T. Lee and Dudley R. Herschbach "for their contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes."

In 1986, in honor of the award of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, the government of Ontario created the "John Charles Polanyi Prizes", which are awarded annually to Ontario based researchers of outstanding merit. The prizes are given in the same subjects as the Nobel prizes that inspired them and are each worth $20,000: [http://ocgs.cou.on.ca/_bin/home/polanyi.cfm]

In 2004 John Charles Polanyi married the portrait artist Brenda Bury [http://www.brendabury.com] .

In 2005, Canada's Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council created the John C. Polanyi Award, acknowledging excellence in Canadian science or engineering. [http://www.news.utoronto.ca/bin6/051018-1712.asp]

In 2007 he was awarded Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering, the Canada's highest research honor.

External links

* [http://www.utoronto.ca/jpolanyi/ Official website]
* [http://www.nobel.se/chemistry/laureates/1986/polanyi-bio.html Biography at Nobel e-Museum]
* [http://www.gg.ca/honours/search-recherche/honours-desc.asp?lang=e&TypeID=orc&id=1357 Order of Canada Citation]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Charles Polanyi — (* 23. Januar 1929 in Berlin) ist ein in Deutschland geborener kanadischer Chemiker und Physiker ungarischer Abstammung und Sohn des Wissenschaftlers und Philosophen Michael Polanyi. Er erhielt 1986 den Nobelpreis für Chemie. Leben Polanyi… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Charles Polanyi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Polanyi. John Charles Polanyi (23 janvier 1929 à Berlin) est un chimiste et physicien canadien. Il obtint le prix Nobel de chimie de 1986 conjointement avec Yuan Tseh Lee et Dudley Robert Herschbach… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chemienobelpreis 1986: Dudley Robert Herschbach — Yuan Tseh Lee — John Charles Polanyi —   Die drei amerikanischen Wissenschaftler erhielten den Nobelpreis für ihre Arbeiten zur Dynamik chemischer Elementarprozesse.    Biografien   Dudley Robert Herschbach, * San José (Kalifornien) 18. 6. 1932; 1958 Promotion an der …   Universal-Lexikon

  • John C. Polanyi — John Charles Polanyi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Polanyi. John Charles Polanyi (né le 23 janvier 1929 à Berlin), est un chimiste et physicien canadien. En 1986, il obtint conjointement avec Dudley R. Herschbach et Yuan T. Lee le prix Nobel… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John von Polanyi — John Charles Polanyi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Polanyi. John Charles Polanyi (né le 23 janvier 1929 à Berlin), est un chimiste et physicien canadien. En 1986, il obtint conjointement avec Dudley R. Herschbach et Yuan T. Lee le prix Nobel… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John C. Polanyi — John Charles Polanyi, PC, CC, O.Ont, FRSC, FRS (* 23. Januar 1929 in Berlin) ist ein in Deutschland geborener kanadischer Chemiker und Physiker ungarischer Abstammung und Sohn des Wissenschaftlers und Philosophen Michael Polanyi. Polanyi erhielt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John C. Polanyi — John Charles Polanyi (en húngaro: Polányi János) (Berlín, Alemania 1929) es un químico canadiense, de origen húngaro, galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química del año 1986. Biografía Nació en Berlín, hijo del químico húngaro Michael Polanyi y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Polanyi , John Charles — (1929–) Canadian chemist John Polanyi was the son of the distinguished physical chemist Michael Polanyi. Born in Berlin, Germany, he was educated at Manchester University and at Princeton, where he obtained his PhD in 1952. He moved soon after to …   Scientists

  • Polanyi, John Charles — ► (n. 1930) Químico alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1986, compartido con Yuan Tseh Lee y Dudle R. Herschbach, por su investigación sobre los fenómenos que se producen en las moléculas de dos productos químicos cuando estos entran en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Polanyi — John Charles Polanyi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Polanyi. John Charles Polanyi (né le 23 janvier 1929 à Berlin), est un chimiste et physicien canadien. En 1986, il obtint conjointement avec Dudley R. Herschbach et Yuan T. Lee le prix Nobel… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.