- Lakemba, New South Wales
Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb
name = Lakemba
caption = Haldon Street, Lakemba
lga = City of Canterbury
postcode = 2195
stategov = Lakemba
fedgov = Watson
near-nw = Mount Lewis
near-ne = South Strathfield
near-w = Punchbowl
near-e = Belfield
near-sw = Wiley Park
near-s = Roselands
near-se = Belmore
dist1 = 15
dir1 = south-west
Lakemba is a
suburbin south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Lakemba is located 15 kilometressouth-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Canterbury.
Lakemba is in the
Cooks Riverwatershed. This river is tidal up to the edge of Lakemba. A bike and walking trail takes walkers and cyclists all the way from nearby Belfield to the east along the Cooks River, to where it flows into Botany Bay. In the opposite direction the bike and walking trail goes north to Olympic Park and Homebush Bay on the Parramatta River.
The area was at an early time in its colonial history originally known as Potato Hill because potatoes were cropped here. Land grants by the new colonial government began in Lakemba about 1810. Samuel Hockley was granted 50 acres, which he called Essex Hill Farm, after his home county in England. The suburb was known as Belmore South until 1910.
Benjamin Taylor had a 22 hectare property in the 1880s. He named his property "Lakeba" (pronounced Lakemba) after the
Lakebaisland in the Lau Islandsgroup of Fiji, where his second wife's grandparents, Rev and Mrs Cross, were missionaries from 1835. One of the original streets is Oneata Street, named after another small Fijian Island, close to Lakeba. Benjamin Taylor was variously an entomologist, town clerk, Alderman and Mayor of Canterbury Council. The railway line was built to the neighbouring suburb of Belmore in 1895 and extended to Lakemba and beyond, in 1909. The station was built on Benjamin Taylor's property and was named after his ‘Lakemba Cottage’.
The first school opened here as Belmore School in April 1869 and became known as Belmore South in September 1907 until it was changed to Lakemba Public School in June 1910. The post office opened on the 1st July 1879. [ "The Book of Sydney Suburbs", Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 145 ]
Lakemba Fire Station
The fire station was built in 1921 by the Board of Fire Commissioners of New South Wales. It was originally staffed by a combination of permanent and volunteer members. The station was built for a total cost of $13,950.00. It is located at 208 Haldon Street. It is designated as station number 64 and is crewed 24 hours a day by a Station commander of Officer rank and three permanent firefighters or in brigade jargon, SO and 3. There are four rotating shifts at the station and they are identified as "A", "B", "C" and "D" Platoons. The crews have attended many notable fires during its history.
The firefighters attached to "64" are kept very busy responding to numerous fires and other emergency incidents each shift. The station attends more fires resulting in damage to 'structure and contents" than any other fire station in Sydney.
Lakemba has had a diverse demographic history. Like most of the rest of Australia, its first non-Aboriginal inhabitants in the nineteenth century were British and Irish settlers. By the mid-twentieth century, the suburb had absorbed large numbers of Greek and Italian arrivals. Local businesses and clubs reflected this in Mediterreanean delicatessens, take-away shops and the
From the mid-1970s, Lakemba became very popular with migrants from
Lebanonand by the mid-1990s the area was considered a centre of Lebanese Australianlife. The founding of the Lakemba Mosqueand the establishment of specialised restaurants, take-away shops, grocery shops, clothing and book sellers has encouraged a general perception of Lakemba as a "predominantly" Arab and Muslim suburb, particularly in the media. In fact — in common with most of the rest of Greater Sydney — Lakemba is best described as predominantly "multi-ethnic" and extremely diverse, but with an Arabic-speaking and Muslim plurality.
According to the 2001 Census, 67.7 per cent of Lakemba residents (14,647 persons) stated they had been born overseas — one of the highest proportions in Australia. Nonetheless, the Australia-born still constituted the largest "individual" birthplace group, at 32.3 per cent (6,994 persons), followed by the Lebanon-born at 7.6 per cent (1,651 persons), the Viet Nam-born at 6.2 per cent (1,332 persons) and those born in the
People's Republic of Chinaat 5.7 per cent (1,234 persons).
In terms of ethnicity, the largest group in 2001 were those claiming Lebanese ancestry with 14.8 per cent of the population or 3,183 persons, followed by those claiming Chinese background at 11.0 per cent or 2,361 persons, and thirdly by those claiming "Australian" descent with 7.7 per cent or 1,654 persons. Although more recently there has been a large increase in people of Bangladeshi origin.
Census data reveals that Arabic is the most common home language in Lakemba, used by a plurality of 22.1 per cent of residents (4,788 persons), followed by English only — the home language of 17.8 per cent (3,850 persons) — and the
Chinese languages which are spoken by 9.9 per cent at home (2,136 persons). The English language was spoken exclusively or "very well" or "well" by 71.2 per cent of the suburb's overseas-born in 2001.
Lakemba maintains its characteristic diversity in terms of religion. According to the census,
Christianitywas the most followed faith in the suburb with 41.3 per cent of residents (8,926). However, Christians in the area belong to many sects, with the largest proportions being Catholicat 19.3 per cent or 4,185 persons, Orthodoxwith 8.3 per cent or 1,789 persons, and Anglicanwith 3.8 per cent or 823 persons. Islamaccounts for 30.5 per cent of residents or 6,596 persons — the census does not differentiate between Sunniand Shi'a. Those of no religion were the third largest grouping, with 7.3 per cent or 1,586 persons.
Canterbury Road winds its way along the ridge, which is the boundary of the watersheds of
Cooks Riverand Wolli Creekto the south. The Lakemba railway station is on the Bankstown line of the CityRailnetwork. It is near the shopping centre on Haldon Street.
Lakemba has a large shopping centre, on and around Haldon Street, where a wide range of international and local foods can be purchased. There are also commercial developments along Canterbury Road. The Lakemba Palms shopping centre, is located on the corner of Haldon Street and Lakemba street. On the 3rd December 2007, a fire gutted the Lakemba Palms shopping centre.
Places of Worship
Lakemba has many places of worship to cater for the different faiths of its population, including St Therese
CatholicChurch, Lakemba Uniting Church, Lakemba PresbyterianChurch and several Mosques including the Lakemba Mosque.
AnglicanChurch, located at the corner of Quigg and Lakemba Streets. The church built in 1923 is a brick building with a significant collection of stained glasswindows. The original church was a wooden building, later extended to become the parish hall.
Lakemba Public School is loacted in is in Alice Street. Holy Spirit College is a Catholic school with approximately 1300.
Lakemba is also the name of one of NSW's parliamentary constituencies. The
Electoral district of Lakembais occupied by the ex- Premierof New South Wales, Morris Iemma.
* [http://www.canterbury.nsw.gov.au/www/html/7-home-page.asp City of Canterbury council official website]
* [http://www.geocities.com/standrews_au St Andrew's Anglican Church, Lakemba]
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