- Whitey Herzog
Infobox MLB retired
Outfielder- Manager - General Manager
birthdate=birth date and age|1931|11|9
*Washington Senators (by|1956-by|1958)
*Kansas City Athletics (1958-by|1960)
*Texas Rangers (by|1973)
Kansas City Royals(by|1975-by|1979)
St. Louis Cardinals(by|1980-by|1990)
Dorrel Norman Elvert "Whitey" Herzog (born
November 9 1931) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder, scout, coach, manager, general manager and farm systemdirector. He was born in New Athens, Illinois.
A left-handed batter and thrower, Herzog originally signed with the
New York Yankees. While he never appeared in a major league game for them, Herzog was profoundly influenced by their legendary manager, Casey Stengel, during several spring trainingsessions with the Yanks. After being traded by New York as a prospect, he played for the Washington Senators (by|1956-1958), Kansas City Athletics (by|1958-by|1960), Baltimore Orioles(by|1961-by|1962) and Detroit Tigers(by|1963). In eight seasons, Herzog batted .254 with 25 home runs, 172 runs batted in, 213 runs scored, 60 doubles, 20 triples, and 13 stolen bases in 634 games. In reference to his success as a player versus his success as a manager, Herzog once said, "Baseball has been good to me since I quit trying to play it." (Herzog has made this statement several times, most recently in an interview with Fox SportsMidwest which has aired several times in August and September 2007 during St. Louis Cardinals rain delays).Fact|date=June 2008
Herzog began his off-field baseball career as a scout for the Athletics in by|1964, then spent single seasons as a coach for the A's (by|1965) and the
New York Mets(by|1966). Herzog then moved into the Mets front office for six seasons as the team's director of player development.
Herzog started his managerial career with the Texas Rangers (by|1973), following with the California Angels (by|1974 on an interim basis; as a coach, he filled in between the firing of
Bobby Winklesand the hiring of Dick Williams), Kansas City Royals(by|1975-by|1979) and St. Louis Cardinals(1980-90). He had his greatest success in Kansas City, where he won three straight American LeagueWestern division titles from by|1976 to by|1978, and in St. Louis, where he won the 1982 World Seriesand the National LeaguePennant in 1985 and 1987. In total, he led six division winners, three pennant winners, and one World Serieswinner in compiling a 1,281-1,125 career record.
Herzog's style of play, based on the strategy of attrition, was nicknamed "
Whiteyball" and concentrated on pitching, speed, and defense to win games rather than on home runs. Herzog's lineups generally consisted of one or more base-stealing threats at the top of the lineup, with a power threat such as George Brett or Jack Clark hitting third or fourth, protected by one or two hitters with lesser power, followed by more base stealers. This tactic kept payrolls low, while allowing Herzog to win a lot of games in stadiums with deep fences and artificial turf, both of which were characteristics of Royals Stadium (now Kauffman Stadium) and Busch Stadium during his managerial career.
A less noticed (at the time) aspect of Herzog's offensive philosophy was his preference for patient hitters with high
on-base percentages: such players included Royals Brett, Hal McRae, and Amos Otis, and Cardinals Clark, Keith Hernandez, Jose Oquendo, and Ozzie Smith, as well as Darrell Porter, who played for Herzog in both Kansas City and St. Louis. However, in St. Louis Herzog also employed free-swinging hitters who were less patient but fast runners, such as Vince Colemanand Willie McGee.
With his extensive background in player development, Herzog also was a general manager with both the Cardinals (by|1980-by|1982) and the California Angels. He succeeded
Jack Krolas manager of the Redbirds in 1980, managed for 73 games, then moved into the club's front office as GM on August 26, turning the team over to Red Schoendienst. During the offseason, Herzog reclaimed the manager job, then held both the GM and field manager posts with St. Louis for almost two full seasons, during which he acquired or promoted many players who would star on the Cards' three World Series teams of the 1980s.
Herzog also expressed an interest in becoming President of the
National Leaguewhen that job opened in 1986. The role eventually went to Yale UniversityPresident A. Bartlett Giamatti, who also became the Commissioner of baseball in 1989. In an interview, after Giamatti accepted the job of NL President, Marv Albertjokingly asked Herzog if he would be interested in the job opening for President of Yale University. Herzog replied, "That's not funny, Marv."
After leaving the Cardinals in by|1990, Herzog then held various front office and consulting posts with the Angels, including a brief stint (by|1993-by|1994) as general manager. He was a leading candidate to become manager of the
Boston Red Soxfollowing the 1996 season, however the Red Sox hired Jimy Williamsinstead.
* [http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/herzowh01.shtml Baseball-Reference.com] - career managing record
* [http://web.baseballhalloffame.org/news/article.jsp?ymd=20071116&content_id=5416&vkey=hof_news Baseball Hall of Fame - 2008 Veterans Committee candidate profile]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20070420064921/http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/news/2007/election/vc/herzog.htm Baseball Hall of Fame - 2007 Veterans Committee candidate profile] at the
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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