- Constituent Cortes
In the 20th century, only one Constituent Cortes was officially opened (Cortes are "opened" in accordance with a mediaeval royal proclamation), and that was the Republican Cortes in 1931.
The Cortes in 1977 enacted the new Spanish constitution. However, it was never officially considered "constituent", as the assembly chosen in the 1977 general elections was not mandated to consider a new constitution, but to rule under the constitution of the former dictatorship - the so called Leyes Fundamentales (fundamental laws). However, there was significant pressure from King Juan Carlos for the 1977 Cortes to draft a new constitution, and it is consequently frequently treated much like a constituent Cortes.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Constituent assembly — A constituent assembly (sometimes also known as a constitutional convention or constitutional assembly) is a body composed for the purpose of drafting or adopting a constitution. As the fundamental document constituting a state, a constitution… … Wikipedia
Cortes generales — Espagne Cet article fait partie de la série sur la politique de l Espagne, sous série sur la politique. Const … Wikipédia en Français
Cortès — Cortes Generales Espagne Cet article fait partie de la série sur la politique de l Espagne, sous série sur la politique. Const … Wikipédia en Français
Cortes Generales — Not to be confused with General Court. The General Courts Las Cortes Generales Type Type Bicameral Houses Spanish Senate Congress of Deputies … Wikipedia
Constituent Legislature of Spain — Spain This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Spain … Wikipedia
Cortes valenciennes — Parlement du pays valencien Parlement du Pays valencien Corts Valencianes Parlement valencien VIIe législature … Wikipédia en Français
Constitution de Cortès d'Espagne — Constitution espagnole de 1812 Constitution de 1812 Titre Constitution de 1812 Pays Royaume d Espagne Type Constitution … Wikipédia en Français
Spanish transition to democracy — The Spanish transition to democracy was the era when Spain moved from the dictatorship of Francisco Franco to a liberal democratic state. The transition is usually said to have begun with Franco’s death on November 20, 1975, while its completion… … Wikipedia
First Spanish Republic — Infobox Former Country native name = República Española conventional long name = Spanish Republic common name = Spain continent = Europe country = Spain era = government type = Republic| event start = Abdication of Amadeo I year start = 1873 date … Wikipedia
Spain — /spayn/, n. a kingdom in SW Europe. Including the Balearic and Canary islands, 39,244,195; 194,988 sq. mi. (505,019 sq. km). Cap.: Madrid. Spanish, España. * * * Spain Introduction Spain Background: Spain s powerful world empire of the 16th and… … Universalium