Clearfield Area School District


Clearfield Area School District
Clearfield Area School District
Map of Clearfield County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts.
Address
438 River Street, P.O. Box 710
Clearfield, Pennsylvania, Clearfield, 16830
United States
Information
Superintendent Dr. Thomas Otto
Principal Mr. Kevin Wallace
Principal Mr. Fred Redden
Principal Mr. Jamie Quick
Principal Mrs. Mary Mike Sayers
Vice principal Mr. Tim Janocko
Vice principal Mr. Andy Brickley
Vice principal Mrs. Heather Pretash
Grades K-12
Kindergarten 146
Grade 1 154
Grade 2 160
Grade 3 165
Grade 4 166
Grade 5 208
Grade 6 191
Grade 7 189
Grade 8 221
Grade 9 198
Grade 10 239
Grade 11 214
Grade 12 239
Other Enrollment projected to decline to 2201 by 2020
Campus type Rural
Mascot Bisons
Website

The Clearfield Area School District is a rural, public school district. It is located within the central and northern portion of Clearfield County, Pennsylvania. Clearfield Area School District encompasses approximately 345 square miles.The district covers the Borough of Clearfield and Bradford Township, Covington Township, Girard Township, Goshen Township, Knox Township, Lawrence Township and Pine Township. According to 2000 federal census data, it serves a resident population of 20,215 people. in 2009 the district residents' per capita income was $16,245 a year, while the median family income was $37,134. [2] Per school district officials, in school year 2007-08, the Clearfield Area School District provided basic educational services to 2,614 pupils through the employment of 209 teachers, 163 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 15 administrators. The Clearfield Area School District received more than $16.9 million in state funding in school year 2007-08.

The colors of the school district are red and black, and the mascot is the bison. The mascot is modeled after the look of the American Bison.

Contents

Schools

The district operates one High School (9th-12th), one Middle School (5th-8th) and four Elementary Schools (K-4th).

  • Bradford Township Elementary School Report Card 2010 [1]
  • Centre Elementary School Report Card 2010 [2]
  • Clearfield Elementary School Report Card 2010 [3], Report Card 2009 [4]
  • Girard-Goshen Elementary School Report Card 2010 [5]
  • Clearfield Area Middle School
  • Clearfield Area High School

Governance

The Clearfield Area School District is governed by 9 individually elected board members (serve four year terms), the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly.[3] The federal government controls programs it funds like Title I funding for low income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act which mandates the district focus resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills.

The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives Sunshine Review gave the school board and district administration a "F" for transparency based on a review of "What information can people find on their school district's website". It examined the school district's website for information regarding; taxes, the current budget, meetings, school board members names and terms, contracts, audits, public records information and more.[4]

Academic achievement

Clearfield Area School District was ranked 401st out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts in 2011 by the Pittsburgh Business Times. The ranking was based on five years of student academic performance on the PSSAs for math, reading, writing and three years of science. [5]

  • 2010 - 398th [6]
  • 2009 - 427th
  • 2008 - 436th
  • 2007 - 429th of Pennsylvania's 501 school districts.[7]

In 2009, the academic achievement of the students of the Clearfield Area School District was in the 16th percentile of Pennsylvania's 500 school districts. Scale (0-99; 100 is state best) [8]

Graduation Rate

In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4 year cohort graduation rate. Clearfield Area School District's rate was 74% for 2010.[9]

High school

In 2010 the high school has declined to Corrective Action I due to chronic, low student academic achievement. [14] In 2009, the high school is in Making Progress: in School Improvement II.

PSSA Results:
11th Grade Reading
  • 2010 - 64% on grade level, In Pennsylvania, 66% of 11th graders on grade level.
  • 2009 - 65%, State - 65% [15]
  • 2008 - 59%, State - 65%
  • 2007 - 61%, State - 65%[16]
11th Grade Math
  • 2010 - 49% on grade level. (24% below basic). In Pennsylvania 59% of 11th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 55% (23% below basic), State - 56%
  • 2008 - 48%, State - 56%
  • 2007 - 47%, State - 53%
11th Grade Science:
  • 2010 - 39% on grade level, In Pennsylvania, 40% of 11th graders on grade level.
  • 2009 - 32%, State - 40%
  • 2008 - 31%, State - 39%

College remediation: According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 9% of Clearfield Area School District graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[17] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduates in three years.[18] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Dual enrollment

The high school offers a Dual Enrollment program. [19] This state program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. Students remain enrolled at their high school. The courses count towards high school graduation requirements and towards earning a college degree. The students continue to have full access to activities at their high school. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. Mount Aloysius College and Penn Highlands Community College are open to the students. The state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition, fees and books.[20] Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions.[21]

For the 2009-10 funding year, the school district received a state grant of $5,510 for the program.

Graduation requirements

The Clearfield Area School Board has determined that a high school student must earn 24.50 credits in order to graduate, including: English 4 credits, Social Studies 3.5 credits, Mathematics 4 credits, Science 3 credits, Driver Ed. Theory .25 credits, Physical Education 2 credits, Life 101 0.25, Health 0.5 credit, Computer 0.50 credit and 6.5 elective credits. [22]

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district. [23]

By Pennsylvania School Board regulations, for the graduating classes of 2016, students must demonstrate successful completion of secondary level course work in Algebra I, Biology, English Composition, and Literature for which the Keystone Exams serve as the final course exams. Students’ Keystone Exam scores count for at least one-third of the final course grade.[24] [25]

Middle school

In 2010, the middle school has declined to School Improvement I due to low student achievement. In 2009, the school was in Warning AYP status. [26] The attendance rate was 94%.

8th Grade Reading:
  • 2010 - 75% on grade level. State - 82% of 8th graders were on grade level. [27]
  • 2009 - 80%, State - 80.9% [28]
  • 2008 - 75%, State - 78%
  • 2007 - 70%, State - 75%[29]
8th Grade Math:
  • 2010 - 82% on grade level. State - 75% of 8th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 74%, State - 71% [30]
  • 2008 - 71%, State - 70%
  • 2007 - 60%, State - 67%
8th Grade Science:
  • 2010 - 55% on grade level. State - 57% of 8th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 47%, State - 55%
  • 2008 - 48%, State - 50%
7th Grade Reading:
  • 2010 - 65% on grade level. State - 73% of 7th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 66%, State - 71% [28]
  • 2008 - 63%, State - 70%
  • 2007 - 59%, State - 66%[29]
7th Grade Math:
  • 2010 - 67% on grade level. State - 78% of 7th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 74%, State - 75%
  • 2008 - 62%, State - 70%
  • 2007 - 61%, State - 67%
6th Grade Reading:
  • 2010 - 57% on grade level. State - 68% of 7th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 57%, State - 67% [28]
  • 2008 - 60%, State - 67%
  • 2007 - 52%, State - 63%[29]
6th Grade Math:
  • 2010 - 76% on grade level. State - 78% of 6th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 63%, State - 75%
  • 2008 - 59%, State - 72%
  • 2007 - 53%, State - 69%
5th Grade Reading:
  • 2010 - 51% on grade level. State - 64% of 5th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 54%, State - 64% [28]
  • 2008 - 52%, State - 61%
  • 2007 - 50%, State - 60%[29]
5th Grade Math:
  • 2010 - 71% on grade level. State - 74% of 5th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 71%, State - 73%
  • 2008 - 66%, State - 73%
  • 2007 - 67%, State - 71%

Wellness policy

Clearfield Area School Board established a district wellness policy in 2006 - Policy 246.[31] The policy deals with nutritious meals served at school, the control of access to some foods and beverages during school hours, age appropriate nutrition education for all students, and physical education for students K-12. The policy is in response to state mandates and federal legislation (P.L. 108 - 265). The law dictates that each school district participating in a program authorized by the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq) or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq) "shall establish a local school wellness policy by School Year 2006." The Superintendent annually reports to the Board on the district’s compliance with law and policies related to student wellness.[32]

The legislation placed the responsibility of developing a wellness policy at the local level so the individual needs of each district can be addressed. According to the requirements for the Local Wellness Policy, school districts must set goals for nutrition education and physical education that are aligned with the Pennsylvania State Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education, campus food provision, and other school-based activities designed to promote student wellness. Additionally, districts were required to involve a broad group of individuals in policy development and to have a plan for measuring policy implementation. Districts were offered a choice of levels of implementation for limiting or prohibiting low nutrition foods on the school campus. In final implementation these regulations prohibit some foods and beverages on the school campus.[33]

The Pennsylvania Department of Education required the district to submit a copy of the policy for approval.

Special Education

In December 2009, the district administration reported that 448 pupils or 17% of the district's pupils received Special Education services. [34] [35]

In 2010, the state of Pennsylvania provided $1,026,815,000 for Special Education services. The funds were distributed to districts based on a state policy which estimates that 16% of the district's pupils are receiving special education services. This funding is in addition to the state's basic education per pupil funding, as well as, all other state and federal funding. [36]

Clearfield Area School District received a $1,601,942 supplement for special education services in 2010.[37]

Gifted Education

The District Administration reported that 75 or 2.74% of its students were gifted in 2009. [38] By law, the district must provide mentally gifted programs at all grade levels. The referral process for a gifted evaluation can be initiated by teachers or parents by contacting the student’s building principal and requesting an evaluation. All requests must be made in writing. To be eligible for mentally gifted programs in Pennsylvania, a student must have a cognitive ability of at least 130 as measured on a standardized ability test by a certified school psychologist. Other factors that indicate giftedness will also be considered for eligibility. [39]

Budget

In 2007, the district employed 175 teachers and the average teacher salary in the district was $51,422 for 180 days worked. The teachers were the highest paid in Clearfield County.[40]

In 2008, per pupil spending at Clearfield Area School District was $11,801 for each child. This ranked 295th among Pennsylvania's 500 school districts. [41]

Clearfield Area School District administrative costs was $660 per pupil in 2008. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil.[42] On November 3, 2008, the Clearfield Board of Education named Dr. Richard C. Makin as the Superintendent of the Clearfield Area School District.

In June 2010, as a part of the budget process, the Board reduced staffing and abolished positions due to declining enrollment. [43]

The bankruptcy of a Clearfield Bionol LLC meant a loss of $465,000 in tax revenues. [44] The loss of tax revenue will be covered by $477,000 more from the state, in increases in the basic education subsidy, accountability block grant and state share social security.

Reserves - In 2008, the Clearfield Area School District reported an unreserved designated fund balance of zero and a unreserved-undesignated fund balance of $1,652,666.00.[45]

The district is funded by a combination of: a local earned income tax, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. Grants provide an opportunity to supplement school funding without raising local taxes. Both pension income and Social Security income are both exempted from state income tax and local income tax regardless of the level of income.[46]

State basic education funding

In 2011-12, the district will receive $11,891,645 in state Basic Education Funding. [47] [48] Additionally, the district will receive $215,325 in Accountability Block Grant funding. The enacted Pennsylvania state Education budget includes $5,354,629,000 for the 2011-2012 Basic Education Funding appropriation. This amount is a $233,290,000 increase (4.6%) over the enacted State appropriation for 2010-2011. The highest increase in state basic education funding was awarded to [[Duquesne City School District which got a 49% increase in state funding for 2011-12.[49]

In 2010, the district reported that 1,502 pupils received a free or reduced lunch due to their family meeting the federal poverty level.

For the 2010-11 budget year the Clearfield Area School District received a 3.36% increase in state basic education funding for a total of $12,451,664.84. Dubois Area School District received a 7.76% increase, which was the highest increase in state funding among Clearfield County school districts. One hundred fifty school districts in Pennsylvania received the 2% base increase for budget year 2010-11. The highest increase in the state was awarded to Kennett Consolidated School District of Chester County which was given a 23.65% increase in state basic education funding. [50]

In the 2009-2010 budget year the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 4.71% increase in Basic Education Funding for Clearfield Area School District a total of $12,451,665. The state Basic Education Funding to the district in 2008-09 was $11,891,645.31. The highest percentage of state funding increase in Clearfield County went to Philipsburg-Osceola Area School District which received a 5.57% increase in 2009-10. Muhlenberg School District of Berks County received an increase of 22.31% which was the highest in the commonwealth. Sixteen school districts received an increase in funding of over 10 percent in 2009. Ninety school districts received the base 2% increase.[51] The amount of increase each school district receives is determined by the Governor and the Secretary of Education through the allocation set in the budget proposal made in February each year.[52]

Accountability Block Grant

The state provides additional education funding to schools in the form of Accountability Block Grants. The use of these funds is strictly focused on specific state approved uses designed to improve student academic achievement. Clearfield Area School District uses its $584,444 to fund all day kindergarten for the seventh year. These annual funds are in addition to the state's basic education funding and all federal funding. [53] Schools Districts apply each year for Accountability Block Grants. [54] In 2009-10, the state provided $271.4 million dollars in Accountability Block grants $199.5 million went to providing all day kindergartens. [55]

Classrooms for the Future grant

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Mathematics) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. Clearfield Area School District received was denied funding, by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, in 2006-07. In 2007-08, the district was again, denied funding. For the 2008-09, school year the district received a $148,208. Of the 501 public school districts in Pennsylvania, 447 of them received Classrooms for the Future grant awards. [56]

Federal Funding

The federal government provides both annual funding for schools targeted to low income and special education students and also many grants the school district administartion must apply for, which bring substantial additional funding.

Federal Stimulus

The district received an extra $2,513,788 in ARRA - Federal Stimulus money to be used in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low income students.[57] This funding is for the 200910 and 2010-11 school years.

In 2009 the district reported having 1340 students participating in the federal free and reduced lunch program due to low family income.[58]

School Improvement Grant

In the summer of 2011, the district administration did not apply for School Improvement Grant funding, from the federal government (over $9.9 million available). The grant stipulates the funds be used for improving student achievement using one of four federally dictated strategies. The strategies are: transformation, turnaround, restart with new faculty and administration or closure of failing schools. The Pennsylvania Education Secretary awarded $66 Million to reform Pennsylvania's lowest achieving schools in August 2011. The funding is for three years. [59]

For the 2010-11 school year, Clearfield Area School District administration did not apply for a School Improvement Grant. It was eligible for funding due to the chronic, low achievement at the high school. [60]

Race to the Top

Clearfield Area School District officials failed to apply for the Race to the Top federal grant which would have brought the district over $1 million in additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement. [61] Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success.[62] In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate.[63] Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. The failure of districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved. [64]

Qualified School Construction Bond

In 2010, the district applied for and will receive an extra $1.965,000 million in federal stimulus funding for construction projects.[65] This funding is from the federal Qualified School Construction Bond Program. In order to qualify the school district's 2007-2008 equalized millage must be greater than or equal to 19.0 or the school district must be in a county designated distressed for 2010 by the Appalachian Regional Commission, and the school district's October 2008 Free and Reduced Lunch percentage must be greater than or equal to 45 percent; or the school district's average daily membership must have increased between 2002–2003 and 2007-2008 by more than 500 or by more than 10 percent. Additionally, 100 percent of available project proceeds must be used for the construction, rehabilitation, or repair of public school facilities, equipment for these facilities, or related site acquisition. In Pennsylvania, 46 school districts received more than $600 million in bonds made possible through the federal American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Pennsylvania's allocation for the Qualified School Construction Bonds was $602 million – the sixth largest allocation in the nation. Under the program, the federal government pays essentially 100 percent of the interest on the QSCB bonds, which are issued under the recovery act's Build America Bonds program.[66]

Common Cents state initiative

The Clearfield Area School District School Board chose to not participate in the Pennsylvania Department of Education Common Cents program. The program called for the state to audit the district, at no cost to local taxpayers, to identify ways the district could save tax dollars.[67] After the review of the information, the district was not required to implement the recommended cost savings changes.

Real estate taxes

In the spring of 2010, the school board increased property tax 3 mills to 89.84 mills. [68] Property tax rates in 2008-2009 were set at 86.8400 mills. [69] A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region. On the local level, Pennsylvania district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75-85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections, which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.[70]

  • 2009-10 - 86.8400 mills. [71]
  • 2008-09 - 86.8400 mills. [72]
  • 2007-08 - 83.8400 mills. [73]

In 2010, Reliant Energy appealed its tax assessment. In the settlement, the power plant will have a market value of $10 million in 2008 and 2009, down $5 million from the current market value at which the plant had been taxed.[74] The assessed value ratio will be 17.4 percent in 2008 and 17.6 percent in 2009, giving the plant an assessed value of $1,740,000 in 2008 and $1,760,000 in 2009. The reduced value means the school district will lose about $73,000 in tax revenue from the power plant.

Act 1 Adjusted index

The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not allowed to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. The base index for the 2011-2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but the Act 1 Index can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increase in health insurance costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.[75] In June of 2011, the Commonwealth's General Assembly passed an Omnibus Education Bill which eliminated several Act 1 Index exceptions except: pension costs, special education costs and building costs that have already been approved by voter referendum.

The School District Adjusted Index for the Clearfield Area School District 2006-2007 through 2011-2012.[76]

  • 2006-07 - 5.5%, Base 3.9%
  • 2007-08 - 4.8%, Base 3.4%
  • 2008-09 - 6.2%, Base 4.4%
  • 2009-10 - 5.8%, Base 4.1%
  • 2010-11 - 4.1%, Base 2.9%
  • 2011-12 - 2.0%, Base 1.4%

For the 2011-12 school year, the Clearfield Area School Board applied for multiple exceptions to exceed the Act 1 Index including: pension costs, Maintenance of Selected Revenue Sources, Maintenance of Local Tax Revenue permitting the school board to raise taxes 4.2949 mills. Each year the Clearfield Area School Board has the option of adopting either 1) a resolution in January certifying they will not increase taxes above their index or 2) a preliminary budget in February. A school district adopting the resolution may not apply for referendum exceptions or ask voters for a tax increase above the inflation index. A specific timeline for these decisions is publisher each year by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. [77]

In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.[78]

Property tax relief

In 2010, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Clearfield Area School District was set per approved permanent primary residence.[79] The property tax relief was subtracted from the total annual school property tax bill. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres (40,000 m2) and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. In Clearfield County, 70% of eligible property owners applied for property tax relief in 2009. [80] Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $641 per homestead and farmstead in 2010.[81] Chester-Upland School District was given $632 in 2009. This was the second year they were the top recipient.

Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, consequently individuals who have income substantially greater than $35,000, may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief. [82]

Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%). [83]

Extracurriculars

The district offers a variety of clubs, activities and sports. Eligibility for participation is set through school board policy. [84]

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those homeschooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools. [85]

Alumni

Other Clearfield County school districts

External links

References

  1. ^ Enrollment and Projections by LEA, Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2010
  2. ^ American Fact Finder, US Census Bureau, 2009
  3. ^ Pennsylvania Public School Code Governance 2010
  4. ^ The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives. "The Pennsylvania Project". http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Pennsylvania_school_districts. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  5. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 2, 2011). "Statewide Honor Roll Rankings Information,". http://www2.bizjournals.com/pittsburgh/events/pennsylvania_schools/statewiderank.html. 
  6. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 20, 2010). "Statewide Honor Roll Rankings,". http://www.bizjournals.com/pittsburgh/feature/schools/statewide_rankings.html. 
  7. ^ Three of top school districts in state hail from Allegheny County, Pittsburgh Business Times, May 23, 2007.
  8. ^ The Morning Call (2009). "2009 PSSA RESULTS Clearfield Area School District". http://projects.mcall.com/PSSA-results/district/110171003/CLEARFIELD%20AREA%20SD/. 
  9. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 15, 2011). "New 4-year Cohort Graduation Rate Calculation Now Being Implemented". http://www.education.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/pennsylvania_department_of_education/7237/info/757639. 
  10. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Clearfield Area High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010". http://www.scribd.com/doc/63946883/Clearfield-Area-HIgh-School-District-Report-Card-2010. 
  11. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, (2009). "Clearfield Area School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2009,". http://www.scribd.com/doc/32630974/Clearfield-Area-School-District-Academic-Achievement-Report-Card-2009. 
  12. ^ The Times Tribune (2009). "Clearfield County School District Graduation rates 2008". http://thetimes-tribune.com/data-center/grading-our-schools/2008-graduation-rates-1.85916?appSession=112229937787734#axzz1TTsn0hjt. 
  13. ^ Pennsylvania Partnership for Children (2008). "PA High School Graduation Info by School District 2007". http://www.scribd.com/doc/23571629/PA-High-School-Graduation-Info-by-School-District-2007. 
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Clearfield Area High School - School AYP Overview". http://paayp.emetric.net/School/Overview/c17/110171003/6236. 
  15. ^ Clearfield Area School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2009
  16. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education PSSA Math and Reading results by school 2007
  17. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (January 2009). "Pennsylvania College Remediation Report". http://www.scribd.com/doc/23970364/Pennsylvania-College-Remediation-Report. 
  18. ^ National Center for Education Statistics - IPEDS 2008
  19. ^ Jessica Shirey (April 5, 2010). "CHS Students Jump Start Post-secondary Work in Dual Enrollment Program". GantDaily. http://gantdaily.com/2010/04/05/clearfield-high-school-students-jump-start-post-secondary-work-in-dual-enrollment-program/. 
  20. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education - Dual Enrollment Guidelines". March 2010. http://www.scribd.com/doc/24901214/Pennsylvania-Department-of-Education-Dual-Enrollment-Guidelines-2010-2011. .
  21. ^ Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement. site accessed March 2010. http://www.patrac.org/
  22. ^ Clearfield Area School District Administration (2010). "Clearfield Area School District Graduation Requirements Curriculum Guide". http://www.clearfield.org/education/page/download.php?fileinfo=MjAxMS0xMl9DdXJyX0d1aWRlX3JldjIucGRmOjo6L3d3dy9zY2hvb2xzL3NjL3JlbW90ZS9pbWFnZXMvZG9jbWdyLzEyZmlsZTk4OC5wZGY=. 
  23. ^ "Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements". http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/022/chapter4/s4.24.html. 
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 2011). "Pennsylvania Keystone Exams Overview". http://www.scribd.com/doc/47925315/Pennsylvania-Keystone-Exams-Overview-Sept-2010. 
  25. ^ "PA Keystone Exams". 2010. http://www.scribd.com/doc/63859844/Pennsylvania-Keystone-Exam-Info. 
  26. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Clearfield Area Middle School - School AYP Overview". http://paayp.emetric.net/School/Overview/c17/110171003/6649. 
  27. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Clearfield Area Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010". http://www.scribd.com/doc/63946826/Clearfield-Area-Middle-School-District-Report-Card-2010. 
  28. ^ a b c d Pennsylvania Reading, Math, Science and Writing PSSA Results 2009 as reported by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, August 2009.
  29. ^ a b c d Pennsylvania Department of Education Math and Reading PSSA Results by School 2007
  30. ^ Clearfield Area Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2009, Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2009
  31. ^ Clearfield Area School Board Policy Manual
  32. ^ Clearfield Area School Board Policy Manual 246 Student Wellness Policy
  33. ^ Nutrition Standards for Competitive Foods in Pennsylvania Schools for the School Nutrition Incentive, Pennsylvania Department of Education — Division of Food and Nutrition. July 2008
  34. ^ Pennsylvania Bureau of Special Education Services (2010). "Clearfield Area SD Special Education Data Report LEA Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets". http://penndata.hbg.psu.edu/BSEReports/PR_AlphaList.aspx. 
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  36. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Special Education Funding". http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/education_budget/8699/proposed_special_education_funding_-/539261. 
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