African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church


African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church

Infobox Christian denomination
name = African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church


imagewidth =
caption =
main_classification = Protestant
orientation = Methodist
polity = Episcopal
founder =
founded_date = 1821
founded_place =
separated_from = Methodist Episcopal Church
parent =
merger =
separations =
associations =
area =
congregations =
members =
footnotes =

The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, or "AME Zion Church", was officially formed in 1821, but operated for a number years before then. (In 1796 Peter Williams forms the basic structure of the AME Zion Church in New York and in 1801 Zion Chapel began.)

The church can be traced back to the John Street Methodist Church of New York City. Following acts of overt discrimination (such as black parishioners being forced to leave worship), many black Christians left to form their own churches. The first church founded by the AME Zion Church was built in 1800 and was named "Zion". These early churches were still part of the Methodist Episcopal Church, although the congregations remained separate.

The fledgling church grew and soon multiple churches were formed based on the original congregation. These churches were attended by black congregants, but ministered to by white Methodist ministers. In 1820, six of the churches met to ordain James Varick as an elder and in 1821 was made the first General Superintendent of the AME Zion Church. A debate raged in the white-dominated Methodist church over the possibility of black ministers. This debate concluded on July 30, 1822 when James Varick was ordained the first bishop of the AME Zion church.

Notes

The AME Zion Church is not to be confused with the similarly-named African Methodist Episcopal Church which was officially formed in 1816 by Richard Allen and Daniel Coker.

Key Features and Early Structure of AME Zion Church

The newly formed AME Zion Church had a separate meeting place and time apart from the Methodist Episcopal Church. Autonomy was key for the newly formed church.

A general conference is the supreme administrative body of the church (s. 1988). Between meetings of the conference, the church is administered by the Board of Bishops. The denomination operates Livingstone College in Salisbury, NC, and two junior colleges. The religious studies department of Livingstone College came to be known as the [http://www.hoodseminary.edu Hood Seminary] in 1906. Hood remained a department of the College until 2001. On July 1, 2001 the Seminary began operating independently of the College, and in March, 2002 the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS), the College’s accrediting agency, acknowledged that the Seminary was a separate institution, sponsored by the A.M.E. Zion Church independent of the College. Its missionaries are active in North and South America, Africa, and the Caribbean region (s. 1988). In 1998, the AME Zion Church commissioned the Reverend Dwight B. and BeLinda P. Cannon as the first family to South Africa, in recent memory. These modern day missionaries served from 1997 through 2004. Dr. Cannon is now Administrative Assistant to Bishop Richard K. Thompson, who oversees the work of South Africa, Zimbabwe and Swaziland. The AME Zion Church has other mission work in the Countries of Nigeria, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Angola, Ivory Coast, Ghana, England, India, Jamaica, St. Crois-Virgin Islands, Trinidad, Tobago, etc.

The Church Today

The church grew rapidly with the ordination of black ministers, but was mostly confined to the northern United States until the conclusion of the American Civil War. Today, the AME Zion church has roughly 1.2 million members with outreach activities in many areas around the world.

The AME Zion church has been in negotiations for many years to merge with the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church into a tentatively-named Christian Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. The plan was originally for them to unite by 2004, but this has been delayed by the AMEZ church, which insists on having "African" in the name. [http://wfn.org/2000/05/msg00170.html] [http://www.thealabamabaptist.org/ip_template.asp?upid=6272] It is very similar in doctrine and practice to that church and the African Methodist Episcopal Church.

References

*World Book encyclopedia 1988.
*Richard Heitzenrater, Duke University.

External links

* [http://www.amez.org/ Official website of the A.M.E. Zion Church]
* [http://www.cedamezion.org/ Christian Education Department | A.M.E. Zion Church]
* [http://www.whoms.org/ Women's Home and Overseas Missionary Society]
* [http://www.clcamezion.org/ Connectional Lay Council | A.M.E. Zion Church]
* [http://www.livingstone.edu/ Livingstone College]
* [http://www.hoodseminary.edu/ Hood Theological Seminary]
* [http://www.clintonjuniorcollege.edu/ Clinton Junior College]

ee also

*Churches Uniting in Christ


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church — ist eine christliche Kirche in der methodistischen Tradition, deren Mitglieder überwiegend Afroamerikaner sind. Die African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church ist nicht zu verwechseln mit der African Methodist Episcopal Church. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church — ▪ American religion       black Methodist (Methodism) church in the United States, organized in 1821; it adopted its present name in 1848. It developed from a congregation formed by a group of blacks who in 1796 left the John Street Methodist… …   Universalium

  • Mother African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church — in New York City. The Mother African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church (also known as Mother Zion ) is the oldest African American church in New York City, as well as New York State. It is a New York City Designated Historic Site as of 1993. Mother …   Wikipedia

  • Old Ship African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church — U.S. National Register of Historic Places Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church — U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Goodwin Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church — Infobox nrhp | name =Goodwin Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church nrhp type = caption = location= Amherst, Massachusetts lat degrees = 42 lat minutes = 22 lat seconds = 15 lat direction = N long degrees = 72 long minutes = 31 long… …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Methodist Episcopal Zion Church — The Christian Methodist Episcopal Zion Church is a tentative name for a merger between the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church and the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. This was proposed in 2000 during merger negotiations. The two… …   Wikipedia

  • African Methodist Episcopal Church — (gewöhnlich als AME Church bezeichnet) ist eine christliche Kirche in der methodistischen Tradition, deren Mitglieder überwiegend Afroamerikaner sind. Die African Methodist Episcopal Church ist nicht mit der African Methodist Episcopal Zion… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • African Methodist Episcopal Church — Infobox Christian denomination name = African Methodist Episcopal Church imagewidth = 200px caption = God Our Father, Christ Our Redeemer, Man Our Brother main classification = Protestant orientation = Methodist polity = Episcopal founder =… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church and Mount Zion Cemetery — U.S. National Register of Historic Places New Jersey Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.