- African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
Infobox Christian denomination
name = African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
polity = Episcopal
founded_date = 1821
Methodist Episcopal Church
The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, or "AME Zion Church", was officially formed in 1821, but operated for a number years before then. (In 1796 Peter Williams forms the basic structure of the AME Zion Church in New York and in 1801 Zion Chapel began.)
The church can be traced back to the
John Street Methodist Churchof New York City. Following acts of overt discrimination (such as black parishioners being forced to leave worship), many black Christians left to form their own churches. The first church founded by the AME Zion Church was built in 1800 and was named "Zion". These early churches were still part of the Methodist Episcopal Church, although the congregations remained separate.
The fledgling church grew and soon multiple churches were formed based on the original congregation. These churches were attended by black congregants, but ministered to by white
Methodistministers. In 1820, six of the churches met to ordain James Varickas an elder and in 1821 was made the first General Superintendent of the AME Zion Church. A debate raged in the white-dominated Methodist church over the possibility of black ministers. This debate concluded on July 30, 1822when James Varick was ordained the first bishopof the AME Zion church.
The AME Zion Church is not to be confused with the similarly-named
African Methodist Episcopal Churchwhich was officially formed in 1816 by Richard Allen and Daniel Coker.
Key Features and Early Structure of AME Zion Church
The newly formed AME Zion Church had a separate meeting place and time apart from the
Methodist Episcopal Church. Autonomy was key for the newly formed church.
A general conference is the supreme administrative body of the church (s. 1988). Between meetings of the conference, the church is administered by the
Board of Bishops. The denomination operates Livingstone Collegein Salisbury, NC, and two junior colleges. The religious studies department of Livingstone College came to be known as the [http://www.hoodseminary.edu Hood Seminary] in 1906. Hood remained a department of the College until 2001. On July 1, 2001 the Seminary began operating independently of the College, and in March, 2002 the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS), the College’s accrediting agency, acknowledged that the Seminary was a separate institution, sponsored by the A.M.E. Zion Church independent of the College. Its missionaries are active in North and South America, Africa, and the Caribbean region (s. 1988). In 1998, the AME Zion Church commissioned the Reverend Dwight B. and BeLinda P. Cannon as the first family to South Africa, in recent memory. These modern day missionaries served from 1997 through 2004. Dr. Cannon is now Administrative Assistant to Bishop Richard K. Thompson, who oversees the work of South Africa, Zimbabwe and Swaziland. The AME Zion Church has other mission work in the Countries of Nigeria, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Angola, Ivory Coast, Ghana, England, India, Jamaica, St. Crois-Virgin Islands, Trinidad, Tobago, etc.
The Church Today
The church grew rapidly with the ordination of black ministers, but was mostly confined to the northern United States until the conclusion of the
American Civil War. Today, the AME Zion church has roughly 1.2 million members with outreach activities in many areas around the world.
The AME Zion church has been in negotiations for many years to merge with the
Christian Methodist Episcopal Churchinto a tentatively-named Christian Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. The plan was originally for them to unite by 2004, but this has been delayed by the AMEZ church, which insists on having "African" in the name. [http://wfn.org/2000/05/msg00170.html] [http://www.thealabamabaptist.org/ip_template.asp?upid=6272] It is very similar in doctrine and practice to that church and the African Methodist Episcopal Church.
World Bookencyclopedia 1988.
Richard Heitzenrater, Duke University.
* [http://www.amez.org/ Official website of the A.M.E. Zion Church]
* [http://www.cedamezion.org/ Christian Education Department | A.M.E. Zion Church]
* [http://www.whoms.org/ Women's Home and Overseas Missionary Society]
* [http://www.clcamezion.org/ Connectional Lay Council | A.M.E. Zion Church]
* [http://www.livingstone.edu/ Livingstone College]
* [http://www.hoodseminary.edu/ Hood Theological Seminary]
* [http://www.clintonjuniorcollege.edu/ Clinton Junior College]
Churches Uniting in Christ
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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