- Eugene Dennis
Eugene Dennis (
August 10 1905- January 31 1961) was a long-time leader of the Communist Party USAand union organizer. He was born Francis Xavier Waldron in Seattlebut adopted the pseudonymof Eugene Dennis in the 1930s.
He worked in various jobs and was active in the
Industrial Workers of the World(IWW) prior to joining the Communist Party in 1926 and was active in Californiaas a union organizer.
He fled to the
Soviet Unionin 1929 to evade criminal charges for his political activities. He returned to the United Statesin 1935 and assumed his pseudonym. He became general secretaryof the party after the expulsion of Earl Browderand was a staunch supporter of the Moscow line.
July 20, 1948, Dennis and eleven other party leaders, including Party Chairman William Z. Fosterwere arrested and charged under the Alien Registration Act. Foster was not prosecuted due to ill health.
As Dennis and his co-accused had never openly called for the violent overthrow of the United States government, the prosecution depended on passages from the works of
Karl Marxand Vladimir Leninand on the testimony of former members of the party who claimed that Dennis and others had privately advocated the use of violence.
After a nine months trial and the imprisonment of the defense lawyers for
contempt of court, Dennis and his co-defendants were found guilty and sentenced to five years imprisonment. They appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States, which ruled against the defendants on June 4 1951by a vote of six to two in Dennis v. United States, ussc|341|494|1951.
Dennis was identified in the
Venona projectas being a source for Soviet intelligence during World War II. In the transcripts, Dennis is referenced as a contact for a group of concealed Communists in the Office of Strategic Servicesand the Office of War Information. Harold Glasserwas also another contact.
Dennis remained general secretary until 1959, when he succeeded Foster as party chairman, and held that position until his death in 1961.
He was buried at the Waldheim Cemetery [cite web |url=http://www.findagrave.com/php/famous.php?page=city&FScityid=41672|title=Browse by City: Forest Park|accessdate=2008-05-05 |format= |work=Findagrave.com] (now Forest Home Cemetery), in Forest Park, Chicago.
Dennis is referenced in the following Venona transcripts:
*708 KGB Moscow to Mexico City, 8 December 1944
*1714 KGB New York to Moscow, 5 December 1944
*55 KGB New York to Moscow, 15 January 1945
*Louis Budenz, "Men Without Faces: The Communist Conspiracy in the USA" (New York: Harper, 1948), 252.
*John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr, "Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America" (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999).
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