- Chinese people in Japan
Chinese people in Japan Kanteibyou Temple in Yokohama Chinatown Total population 655,377 (as of 2008[update])
0.51% of the Japanese population
Regions with significant populations Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, and other major cities Languages Related ethnic groups Japanese name Kanji 華僑 Rōmaji Kakyō Literally "Chinese sojourners" Alternate Japanese name Kanji 在日中国人 Rōmaji Zainichi Chūgokujin Literally "Chinese people resident in Japan" Chinese name Traditional Chinese 日本華僑 Simplified Chinese 日本华侨 Hanyu Pinyin Rìběn huáqiáo
- 1 Population and distribution
- 2 History
- 3 Groups
- 4 Culture
- 5 Issues
- 6 Notable individuals
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Population and distribution
Most Chinese residents in Japan live in major urban areas, such as Tokyo, Yokohama, and Osaka, the latter two of which have a recognised Chinatown as well as schools which use Chinese as the medium of instruction. One 1995 study estimated the Chinese population in Japan to be 150,000, among whom 50,000 to 100,000 spoke Chinese; five years later, Japanese governmental statistics showed 335,575 Chinese residents.
A Chinese legend of uncertain provenance states that Xu Fu, a Qin Dynasty court sorcerer, was sent by Qin Shi Huang to Penglai Mountain (Mount Fuji) in 219 BC to retrieve an elixir of life. Unwilling to return without the elixir, the myth asserts that Xu instead chose to settle in Japan.
However, Japan's first verifiable Chinese visitor was the Buddhist missionary Hui Shen, whose 499 AD visit to an island east of China known as Fusang, typically identified with modern-day Japan, was described in the 7th-century Liang Shu. Chinese people are also known to have settled in Okinawa during the Sanzan period; the people of the village of Kumemura, for example, are alleged to all be descended from Chinese immigrants.
Long-term residents and their descendants
Chinese restaurants in Japan serve a fairly distinct style of Chinese cuisine. Though in the past Chinese cuisine would have been primarily available in Chinatowns such as those in port cities of Kobe, Nagasaki, or Yokohama, Japanese-style Chinese cuisine is now commonly available all over Japan. As Japanese restaurants are often specialized to offer only one sort of dish, cuisine is focused primarily on dishes found within three distinct types of restaurants: ramen restaurants, dim sum houses, and standard Chinese-style restaurants.
Tokyo governor Shintaro Ishihara has publicly used controversial terms such as sangokujin to refer to Chinese staying illegally in Japan, and implied that they might engage in rioting and looting in the aftermath of a disaster.
There is a public perception in Japan that many Chinese immigrants come to Japan to engage in criminal activities. Some Chinese workers have entered Japan under false pretenses on cultural visas. As Japanese immigration law does not provide mechanisms for the entry of unskilled workers, and admission under a student visa requires the approval of a recognised university, prospective workers instead apply to study in language schools, which are more lightly regulated. Business owners with a need for low-cost labour have been known to open language schools as fronts for the importation of Chinese workers.
This is a list of Chinese expatriates in Japan and Japanese citizens of Chinese descent.
- Chen Kenmin, chef regarded as the "father of Sichuan cuisine" in Japan and father of Chen Kenichi
- Go Seigen, professional Go player
- Sun Yat-sen, politician
- Lu Xun, writer
- Qiu Jin, feminist
- Shosei Go, professional baseball player
- Chiang Kai-shek, politician and general
- Song Jiaoren, revolutionary and political figure, founder of Tongmenghui
- Jiang Baili, general
- Guo Moruo, poet and political figure
- He Yingqin, general
- Wang Jingwei, revolutionary and political figure
- Tai Chi-tao, political figure
- Chen Duxiu, co-founder of Chinese Communist Party
- Li Dazhao, co-founder of Chinese Communist Party
- Zhou Zuoren, writer
- Huang Fu, general and politician
- Chen Qimei, revolutionary
- Momofuku Ando, founder of Nissin Foods
- Chen Kenichi, longest-serving participant on Japanese cooking show Iron Chef
- Agnes Chan, pop singer, professor, and writer
- Rissei Ō, professional Go player
- O Meien, professional Go player
- Rin Kaiho, professional Go player
- Cho U, professional Go player
- Chin Shunshin, novelist
- Mo Bangfu, author
- Tsuyoshi Abe, actor (3/4 Chinese, 1/4 Japanese)
- Emi Suzuki, female model (immigrant)
- Wei Son, female model (descendant)
- Qian Lin & Li Chun, singers
- Rola Chen, gravure idol
- Anti-Japanese sentiment in China
- Anti-Chinese sentiment in Japan
- Chinatowns in Asia
- Japanese orphans in China
- Japanese people in China
- Ainu people
- Yamato people
- ^ "国籍（出身地）別在留資格（在留目的）別外国人登録者(Number of foreign residents by country as of 2008)" (in Japanese). Ministry of Justice. 2009-09-04. http://www.e-stat.go.jp/SG1/estat/Xlsdl.do?sinfid=000004032096.
- ^ Maher, John C. (1995). "The Kakyo: Chinese in Japan". Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development v16 (n1–2): p125–138.
- ^ Refsing, Kirsten; Colin MacKerras (ed.) (November 2003). Ethnicity in Asia. United Kingdom: Routledge. pp. 58–59. ISBN 0-415-25816-2.
- ^ CRI Editors (2005-02-18). "Why did Xu Fu go to Japan?". China Radio International. http://email@example.com. Retrieved 2006-10-25.
- ^ Kerr, George H (2000). Okinawa: the History of an Island People. Boston: Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0804820872. See page 76.
- ^ Kreiner, Josef; Ulrich Mohwald, Hans-Dieter Olschleger (January 2004). Modern Japanese Society. Brill Academic Publishers. pp. 240–242. ISBN 90-04-10516-6.
- ^ http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20100723a3.html
- ^ Larimer, Tim (2000-04-24). "Rabble Rouser". Time Asia. http://cgi.cnn.com/ASIANOW/time/magazine/2000/0424/cover1.html. Retrieved 2006-10-25.
- ^ Soderberg, Marie; Ian Reader (March 2000). Japanese Influences and Presences in Asia. United Kingdom: Routledge. pp. 242–243. ISBN 0-7007-1110-4.
Overseas Chinese AfricaEastern AfricaElsewhere AmericasElsewhere AsiaCentral AsiaEast AsiaSouth-East AsiaSouth AsiaWest Asia Europe Oceania 1 An overseas department of France in the western Indian Ocean. See also: Hong Kong Diaspora Immigration to Japan AmericasAmericans · Brazilians · Peruvians Asia Others See also
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