- Jim Copp and Ed Brown
Jim Copp Birth name James Copp III Born 1915
Los Angeles, California, United States
Died April 7, 1999 Genres Children's music
Occupations musician, producer Instruments celeste
Years active 1958 to 1971 Labels Playhouse Records Associated acts Jerry Lewis Website http://www.playhouserecords.com/
Jim Copp and Ed Brown, better known as Copp and Brown, recorded and released nine albums of stories and songs for children between 1958 and 1971. Jim Copp (1913–1999) wrote all of the stories and songs, and played and recorded all of the music. Ed Brown (died 1978) designed and illustrated all of the duo's album covers. Both men performed the various characters' voices, often with the help of tape manipulation and were among the first to devise and use multi-track recording and electronic music for children's records. Copp and Brown's work has been compared to that of Lewis Carroll, Edward Lear, Dr. Seuss, and Pee Wee Herman.
Jim Copp's early career
Jim Copp was born in Los Angeles and spent time in Alabama and Washington D.C. before attending Stanford University and then Harvard. He had a career as a cabaret piano comic in New York City under the name "James Copp the III and His Things", and shared stages with Teddy Wilson, Lena Horne, Art Tatum, Billie Holiday and others. During World War II Copp commanded an intelligence unit in Germany before returning to his career in New York. He soon moved back to Los Angeles where he wrote and illustrated a society column for the L.A. Times.
During the 1950s Copp reworked some of his nightclub routines and recorded them on a wire recorder. He sent sample recordings to Capitol Records. Capitol's executives liked the material, but wanted them to be performed by Jerry Lewis because he was a celebrity and would therefore sell more records. Copp agreed to let them have one story called '"The Noisy Eater", which Capitol had Lewis record and the company issued it on 78 and 45 rpm records. Despite the record's moderate success, Jim Copp was paid very little and so decided to have a go at producing his own material himself.
Copp & Brown
Jim Copp met the artist Ed Brown at a society party in Los Angeles and the two men began a lifelong friendship. Copp had an idea for a children's album, one that would incorporate his own numerous musical talents with Brown's genius for design. For this first record, Copp played all of the instruments and performed all of the voices, while Brown handled the album's artwork and marketing. The album Jim Copp Tales featured a picture wheel that spun and illustrated each story. Though Copp used the nickname "Jim" instead of his cabaret name, in case the project fell flat, the record received a lot of exposure on radio and TV, as well as bids for exclusive distribution by a chain of West Coast department stores. Copp and Brown soon traveled the U.S., touring to retail outlets with their luggage stuffed with records.
After the success of Jim Copp Tales, Copp and Brown engaged in a laborious routine of annually self-producing albums and releasing them on their own label Playhouse Records. A record's creation began with Copp sitting at home writing songs and stories, while Ed Brown worked on the jacket design at his own house. Copp and Brown would record all of the sound effects, speeches, songs, and stories in segments, often in multiple takes until satisfied with the results. Copp recorded instruments in different rooms at his parents' house: voices were taped in the kitchen, the piano in the living room, the celeste in a bedroom, the pump organ in the bathroom, and sound effects in the bathtub. The entire recording was done with one microphone and three monaural Ampex tape recorders, with which Copp devised his own overdubbing technique by ping-ponging between the tape decks to build up layers of sound. This recording method allowed the duo to create whole classrooms and housefuls of different voices—as many as 90 on a single track.
Many of the records featured innovative layouts that encouraged the participation of young listeners: Schoolmates had shifting pictures on its back cover; Gumdrop Follies popped out into a toy theater play set involving the characters from the various albums; the pair of Glup Family LPs unfolded into boardgames that followed the records' narratives. Copp and Brown's records usually came out in October with the two men supporting the release with a national tour that lasted through the holiday season. Their tours took them to Hawaii and their record sales earned them enough to buy property there.
Decline and revival
Copp and Brown stopped making new records in 1971 when Copp's father died and his sister decided to sell the family house. Copp moved in with Ed Brown, whose home was carpeted and deemed unfit for recording. Jim Copp lost interest in making records and sold his recording equipment. Playhouse Records closed its doors when Ed Brown fell ill with pancreatic cancer and died in 1978. It wasn't until Jim Copp was contacted in the early 1990s by videographer/fan Ted Leyhe, that he considered re-releasing the albums. Leyhe and Copp repackaged each of the albums on cassette in 1993 and issued two CDs of some of Copp and Brown's most popular songs and skits. These CDs also contain previously unreleased material and liner notes by Henry Kaiser. Leyhe also produced a documentary video about Jim Copp's life.
Jim Copp died in 1999 at the age of 85. Ted Leyhe continues to run Playhouse Records with his wife Laura.
The Original LPs
- Jim Copp Tales (1958)
- Fable Forest (1959)
- Thimble Corner (1960)
- East Of Flumdiddle (1961)
- A Fidgetty Frolic (1962)
- A Journey To San Francisco With The Glups (1963)
- Gumdrop Follies (1965)
- Schoolmates (1968)
- The Sea Of Glup (1971)
All nine of the original LPs were rereleased on cassette. Jim Copp Tales, Thimble Corner, East Of Flumdiddle, A Fidgetty Frolic, A Journey To San Francisco With The Glups and Schoolmates have been released in their entirety on CD.
- Agnes Mouthwash And Friends
- Flibbertigibbets On Parade
Jim Copp, Will You Tell Me a Story? Three Uncommonly Clever Tales. Illustrated by Lindsay duPont. Includes audio CD of original recordings. (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 2008).
- Skylarking: The Life and Times of Jim Copp
- ^ Blectum, Blevin. "Inner Sleeve: Jim Copp & Ed Brown". The Wire. http://www.thewire.co.uk/articles/2834/. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- ^ Lloyd, Robert. "Juvenile Resources: East of Flumdiddle with Jim Copp and Ed Brown". LA. Style. http://www.houseofhere.com/copp.html. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- ^ a b c Copp, Jim. "How They Dood IT". Playhouse Records. http://www.playhouserecords.com/doodit.html. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- ^ "The Complete Recordings of Jim Copp and Ed BRown". Playhouse Records. http://playhouserecords.com/. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
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