- Toby Riddle
Toby "Winema" Riddle (1848-1920) was a
Modocinterpreter who helped with negotiations between the Native American Modoc tribe and the United States Armyduring the Modoc War(also called the Lava Beds War).
Riddle was a cousin of
Kintpuash, the leader of the Modoc tribe at the time of the Modoc War, and was married to Frank Riddle, a white settler, who had emigrated from Kentuckyto Californiaduring the California Gold Rush. Riddle served as a translator and shuttle diplomat between General Edward Canby and Kintpuash, during negotiations to end the wars. After she learned of a Modoc plot to assassinate Canby, Riddle warned the American general that the plot was set during a meeting at the Lava Beds, but he disregarded her advice, and was killed.
Frank, Toby and their son lived thereafter near the
Klamath Reservation, where their progeny live today.Fact|date=June 2007
Several regional landmarks are named "Winema" after Riddle, including the
Winema National Forest.
* Bales, Rebecca [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2005/spring/winema.html Winema and the Modoc War: One Woman's Struggle for Peace] "Prologue Magazine" National Archives
* [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2005/spring/winema.html The National Archives: Winema and the Modoc War: One Woman's Struggle for Peace]
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