Fernando Rivera y Moncada

Fernando Rivera y Moncada

Fernando Javier Rivera y Moncada (ca. 1725-1781) was a soldier from New Spain who served in Baja- and Alta California, participating in several early overland explorations and serving as the region's governor.

Rivera was born near Compostela, New Spain. He entered military service in 1742, serving harmoniously under Jesuit direction in Baja California. In 1750 he was promoted to command of the presidio at Loreto. He participated in the important reconnaissances of the northern peninsula together with the Jesuit missionary-explorers Ferdinand Konščak and Wenceslaus Linck. Rivera's situation changed in 1768 when the Jesuits were expelled and replaced in Baja California by the Franciscans and by the civil authorities of New Spain. The latter ordered a bold move northward to colonize Alta California.

In 1769, Rivera led the first overland party to San Diego, together with Juan Crespi and José Cañizares, traveling in advance of the party led by Gaspar de Portolà and Junípero Serra. After the several land and sea groups assembled again at San Diego, Rivera continued north with Portolà to Monterey. Rivera retired to the Mexican mainland around 1772, but he was soon recalled to service. Serra and the Franciscans had quarreled with California's military governor, Pedro Fages, and Rivera took over as Fages' replacement in 1774. The results were not happy. Rivera himself was soon in conflict with Serra and the Franciscans and with Juan Bautista de Anza. Rivera opposed the settlement of San Francisco. When several Kumeyaay Indian communities joined together to sack the mission at San Diego in 1775, Rivera had the responsibility of suppressing the revolt. For forcibly removing one of the rebels from a temporary church building at the mission, Rivera was excommunicated by the Franciscans.

Following his tenure as governor in 1777, Rivera was reassigned as military commander at Loreto. His final posting was centered on assisting settlers as they made their way overland to California. Rivera was killed along with the local missionaries, settlers, and travelers at Mission San Pedro y San Pablo de Bicuñer‎ on the lower Colorado River with the revolt of the Quechan Indians in 1781.



*cite book |last=Ives |first=Ronald L |coauthors= |year=1984 |title=José Velásquez: Saga of a Borderland Soldier (Northwestern New Spain in the 18th Century) |edition=Seventh |editor=Bill Shakespeare|location=Tucson |publisher=Southwestern Mission Research Center |isbn=0915076101
*cite book |last=Rivera y Moncada |first=Fernando de |language=Spanish |editor=Ernest J. Burrus |year=1967 |title=Diario del capitán comandante Fernando de Rivera y Moncada |edition=Colección "Chimalistac" de libros y documentos acerca de la Nueva España, 24-25 |location=Madrid |publisher=Ediciones J. Porrúa Turanzas |oclc=2882621

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mission San Diego de Alcalá — The chapel façade of Mission San Diego de Alcalá as it appeared in 2008. Location 10818 San Diego Mission Rd. San Diego, California 92108 2429 Name as founded …   Wikipedia

  • Spanish missions in California — Part of the Spanish missions in the Americas series Arizona …   Wikipedia

  • Maritime history of California — History of California This article is part of a series Timeline …   Wikipedia

  • Spanische Missionen in Kalifornien — Mission San Juan Capistrano im April 2005. Links die Fassade der Kirche, gebaut aus Lehmziegeln; dahinter die Glockenwand. Die Mission hat den Ruf, „die schönste der franziskanischen Ruinen“ zu sein.[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gardena, California — City of Gardena   City   Location of Gardena in Los Angeles County, Californi …   Wikipedia

  • Gaspar de Portolà — i Rovira (1716ndash 1784) was a soldier, governor of Baja and Alta California (1767 ndash;1770), explorer and founder of San Diego and Monterey. He was born in Os de Balaguer, province of Lleida, in Catalonia, Spain, of Spanish nobility. Don… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaspar de Portolà — i Rovira (* 1716 in Balaguer, Katalonien; † 1784 in Spanien oder Neuspanien) war ein spanischer Soldat, Gouverneur von Baja California und Alta California, Entdecker und Gründer von San Diego und Monterey …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of pre-statehood governors of California — This is a list of governors of California prior to admission as a US state in 1850. From 1769 to 1822, the area was a Spanish province in the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Upon Mexico s independence from Spain in 1822 until the US annexation in 1848 …   Wikipedia

  • Pedro Fages — Pere Fages Beleta (Catalan: Pere Fages i Beleta) (1734 – 1794), nicknamed L Ós (The Bear), was a soldier, explorer, and the second Spanish military Governor of Las Californias Province of New Spain from 1770 to 1774, and the Governor of Las… …   Wikipedia

  • José Darío Argüello —   Governor of Alta California In office 1814–1815 Preceded by José Joaquín de Arrillaga Succeeded by Pablo Vicente de Solá   …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.