Philippe's is a
restaurantlocated in downtown Los Angeles, California. The restaurant is well known for continuously operating since 1908, making it one of the oldest restaurants in Los Angeles. It is also renowned for claiming to be the inventor of the French Dip sandwich. The restaurant is located at 1001 N. Alameda Street, adjacent to Chinatown, in the Historical District of Los Angeles, two blocks north of Olvera Street.
Philippe Mathieu, immigrated from France to
Buffalo, New Yorkin 1901, moving to Los Angeles in 1903. He opened a deli with his brother, Arbin, shortly after arriving. In 1908 he opened his first Philippe restaurant at 300 N. Alameda Ave., where he served roast beef, roast pork, roast lamb, liver pâté and blood sausage. Mathieu's restaurants were in L.A.'s traditional Frenchtown neighborhood, which was torn down to build Los Angeles City Halland the 101 Freeway.Citation | last = Perry | first = Charles | title = The Big Dipper: Philippe the Original turns 100 this year | newspaper = Los Angeles Times Magazine | pages = 50-53, 63-64 | year = 2008 | date = April 2008 | url = http://www.latimes.com/features/printedition/magazine/la-tm-phillipes6apr06,0,4029210.story]
In 1911, the Mathieu brothers opened the "New Poodle Dog French Restaurant" at 156 N. Spring St. The New Poodle was a white tablecloth restaurant, and after two years, they closed it and opened another inexpensive place at 617 N. Alameda. In 1918, Philippe Mathieu moved the restaurant to 246 Aliso St., where he first served his French dipped sandwiches.
In 1925, to avoid frequent rent increases, Mathieu bought his own property at 364 Aliso St. Two years later, he sold the restaurant to a lawyer whose name is unknown, who failed at running the restaurant. A couple of months later, in 1927, Mathieu bought back the restaurant and sold it to brothers David and Harry Martin, making good on his promise to his wife to retire at 50. The Martins and their in-laws the Binders have run Philippes ever since. From 1927 to 1941, it was open 24 hours a day. In 1951, the Martins moved Philippe's to 1001 N. Alameda, where it has been ever since.
Cole's Pacific Electric Buffetexisted before Philippe's, but closed currently. Philippe's lays claim to the longest "continuously" operating restaurant in Los Angeles.
French Dip Sandwich
The origins of the French Dip sandwich have been debated for many years.
Cole's Pacific Electric Buffetalso claims to have invented the sandwich in 1908. There are three versions of how Philippe's French dipped sandwich originated.
* In 1951, Mathieu told a
Los Angeles Timesreporter, "One day a customer saw some gravy in the bottom of a large pan of roast meat. He asked me if I would mind dipping one side of the French roll in that gravy. I did, and right away five or six others wanted the same." He quickly ran out of gravy. "But," he said, "it put me wise." The next day he had a gallon of gravy ready, but so many people wanted dip sandwiches that he still ran out.
* An alternative explanation bases the invention in frugality. A fireman came into the restaurant when there were leftover rolls. Mathieu would use them up although they were stale. The fireman complained that the roll was dry, so Philippe dipped it in
au jus, basically to get rid of the guy." This alternative is likely since Mathieu may have preferred to credit a customer rather than waste a stale roll.
* The most common story is that Mathieu accidentally dropped a roll in pan drippings, and the customer who had ordered the sandwich agreed to eat it anyway. This is less likely since the "happy accident" theory of food origins is typically used where there is no alternative explanation.
Originally, Mathieu referred to this as a dip sandwich. The restaurant was colloquially known as Frenchy's, which eventually developed into a "French Dip sandwich".
The style of Philippe's is a traditional
delicatessen-type sit-down restaurant, having old-fashioned traditions such as rows of tables being shared by several parties, wood-shavings scattered on the floor, dark brownwood for the walls and floor, and newspapers from historical United Statesevents that happened from the time the restaurant opened to the 1980s. Wall-mounted displays are dedicated to the history of railroading Los Angeles from the Los Angeles Historical Railroad Society and to circuses. The building in which it is located has two stories, both containing tables for eating, and is located one block away from Union Station. The skyscrapersof the downtown area are not visible from the restaurant (at streetlevel), despite how close it is.
The restaurant is famous for attracting hungry patrons from all walks of life, from poverty-stricken, to working class, to the city's elites. At peak meal periods, customers often find themselves standing in lines that can be ten deep as they wait for waitresses to prepare their meals at one of the serving stations at the restaurant's counter. Meals are served cafeteria-style on paper plates and customers carry their meals on trays to their tables. The democratizing effect of the restaurant has been noted, as people from various economic strata bump elbows at the long communal tables and ask each other to pass over the jars of Philippe's homemade mustard. In 2008 the Los Angeles Department of Public Health ordered the traditional mustard jars and spoons to be removed from the tables as unsanitary; after a brief controversy, the jars were replaced by plastic squeeze bottles and the mustard has been restored to the tables. [ [http://la.eater.com/archives/2008/07/15/serious_rant_philippes_mustard_removal.php "Serious Rant: Philippe's Mustard Removal,"] "Eater L.A.", July 15, 2008.]
In addition to their main attraction of French Dip sandwiches, other old-fashioned foods are served, including freshly made soups, beef stew, baked apples, and pickled pigs' feet. Jars of purple pickled eggs are arrayed on the counter. The current owner is a
wineaficionado, and has added a small selection of California wines to the menu.
For beverages, Philippe's serves cans of
soft drinks, freshly brewed iced teaand lemonade.
On its 85th anniversary, French Dip sandwiches were sold for 10 cents every business day for one week.
Cole's Pacific Electric Buffet
* [http://www.philippes.com Official Website]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Philippe — ist die französische Form des Vornamens Philipp. der Vorname von: Philippe Attey, ivorischer Politiker Philippe de Toucy († 1277), Regent (Bailli) des lateinischen Kaiserreichs von Konstantinopel Philippe Étancelin (1896–1981), französischer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Philippe 2 — Philippe II Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Philippe II est un nom porté par plusieurs souverains : Philippe II (382 336 av. J. C.), roi de Macédoine de 360 av. J. C. à 336 av. J. C.… … Wikipédia en Français
Philippe B — 2008 Mathieu Laverdière Pays d’origine Montréal, Québec, Canada. Genre musical Chanson, folk, pop Années d activité 2005 aujour … Wikipédia en Français
Philippe's — Entrée du restaurant Philippe s Présentation Coordonnées … Wikipédia en Français
Philippe — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Philippe, forma francesa del nombre Felipe, puede hacer referencia a: Philippe Loys de Chéseaux, astrónomo y físico suizo; Philippe Pétain, militar y político francés; Philippe Soupault, escritor surrealista francés; … Wikipedia Español
philippe — ● philippe nom masculin Monnaie d or frappée par Philippe II de Macédoine puis par ses successeurs. (D autres souverains, comme Philippe le Bon et Philippe II d Espagne, ont émis des espèces de ce nom.) Philippe (saint) (Ier s.), un des douze… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Philippe II — (1527 1598) fils de Charles Quint et d Isabelle de Portugal; roi d Espagne (1556 1598), de Naples, de Sicile, de Portugal (1580 1598), seigneur des Pays Bas (V. Pays Bas espagnols), etc. Dès le début de son règne il signa le traité du Cateau… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Philippe V — (1683 1746) petit fils de Louis XIV; roi d Espagne (1700 1746), le premier Bourbon d Espagne. La guerre de la Succession d Espagne lui assura la couronne, définitivement reconnue en 1713 (paix d Utrecht). Mais en 1718, la Quadruple Alliance lui… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Philippe IV — (1605 1665) fils du préc. et de Marguerite de Styrie; roi d Espagne, de Naples, etc. (1621 1665), roi de Portugal (1621 1640). Il laissa gouverner Olivares et Luis de Haro … Encyclopédie Universelle
Philippe — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Philippe et Saint Philippe … Wikipédia en Français