- Ulf von Euler
Infobox Scientist

name = Ulf von Euler

box_width =

image_width = 150px

caption = Ulf von Euler, a Nobel laureat puic|

birth_date =February 7 ,1905

birth_place =Stockholm, Sweden

death_date =March 9 ,1983 (age 78)

death_place =

residence =

citizenship =

nationality =Sweden

ethnicity =

field =Physiologist ,Pharmacologist

work_institutions =

alma_mater =

doctoral_advisor =

doctoral_students =

known_for =Neurotransmitter ,Norepinephrine ,Prostaglandin

author_abbrev_bot =

author_abbrev_zoo =

influences =

influenced =

prizes =Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1970)

footnotes =**Ulf Svante von Euler**(February 7 ,1905 –March 9 ,1983 ) was a Swedish physiologist andpharmacologist . He won aNobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1970 for his work onneurotransmitter s.**Life**Ulf S. von Euler was born in

Stockholm , the son of two notedscientist s, Dr.Hans von Euler-Chelpin , a professor ofchemistry , and Dr.Astrid Cleve , a professor ofbotany andgeology . His father was German and the recipient ofNobel Prize for Chemistry in 1929, and his maternal grandfather wasPer Teodor Cleve , Professor ofChemistry at theUppsala University , and the discoverer of thechemical element sthulium andholmium .Enjoying such a privileged family environment in science, education and research, it is not surprising that young Ulf would become a scientist, too, so he went to study

medicine at theKarolinska Institute in 1922. At Karolinska, he worked underRobin Fåhraeus in blood sedimentation andrheology and did research work on thepathophysiology ofvasoconstriction . He presented his doctoral thesis in 1930, and was appointed as Assistant Professor in Pharmacology in the same year, with the support ofG. Liljestrand . From 1930 to 1931 von Ulf got a Rochester Fellowship to do his post-doctoral studies abroad. He studied inEngland with SirHenry Dale inLondon and with I. de Burgh Daly inBirmingham , and then proceeded to the continent, studying with Corneille Heymans inGhent ,Belgium and withGustav Embden inFrankfurt ,Germany . Von Euler liked to travel, so he also worked and learnedbiophysics withArchibald Vivian Hill , again in London in 1934, andneuromuscular transmission with G. L. Brown in 1938. From 1946 to 1947, he worked withEduardo Braun-Menéndez in theInstituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental inBuenos Aires , which was founded byBernardo Houssay . His unerring instinct to work with important scientific leaders and fields was to be proved by the fact that Dale, Heymans, Hill and Houssay went to receive the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine.From 1930 to 1957, von Euler was married to Jane Sodenstierna. They had four children: Hans Leo, scientist administrator (retired) at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.; Johan Christopher, anesthesiologist, Serafimer Hospital, Stockholm; Ursula Katarina, Ph.D., curator at The Royal Collections, The Royal Court, Stockholm, Sweden; and Marie Jane, Chemical Engineer, Melbourne, Australia. In 1958, von Euler married Dagmar Cronstedt, who had worked for Germany during the second world war at

Radio Königsberg .**Works**His short stay as a postdoctoral student in Dale's laboratory was very fruitful: in 1931 he discovered with

John H. Gaddum an important autopharmacological principle,substance P . After returning to Stockholm, von Euler pursued further this line of research, and successively discovered four other important endogenous active substances,prostaglandin ,vesiglandin (1935),piperidine (1942) andnoradrenaline (1946).In 1939 von Euler was appointed Full Professor of Physiology at the Karolinska Institute, where he remained until 1971. His early collaboration with Liljestrand had led to an important discovery, which was named the

Euler-Liljestrand mechanism (a physiological arterialshunt in response to the decrease in local oxygenation of thelung s).From 1946 on, however, when noradrenaline was discovered, von Euler devoted most of his research work to this area. He and his group studied thoroughly its distribution and fate in

biological tissue s and the in thenervous system in physiological and pathological conditions, and found that noradrenaline was produced and stored in nerve synaptic terminals in intracellular vesicles, a key discovery which changed dramatically the course of many researches in the field. In 1970 he was distinguished with the Nobel Prize for his work, jointly with SirBernard Katz andJulius Axelrod . Since 1953 he was very active in theNobel Foundation , being a member of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine and Chairman of the Board since 1965. He also served as Vice-President of theInternational Union of Physiological Sciences from 1965 to 1971. Among the many honorary titles and prizes he received in addition to the Nobel, were theGairdner Prize (1961), theJahre Prize (1965), theStouffer Prize (1967), theCarl Ludwig Medaille (1953), theSchmiedeberg Plaquette (1969),La Madonnina (1970), many honorary doctorates from universities around the world, and the membership to several erudite, medical and scientific societies.Dr. von Euler died on March 9th, 1983.

**References*** Sabbatini, R.M.E.: [

*http://www.cerebromente.org.br/n17/history/neurons5_i.htm Neurons and synapses. The history of its discovery IV. Chemical transmission*] . "Brain & Mind", 2004.**External links*** [

*http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1970/euler-bio.html Ulf von Euler - Biography*] . Nobel Foundation.

* [*http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1403098 1931 Substance P Paper*]

*Wikimedia Foundation.
2010.*

### Look at other dictionaries:

**Ulf von Euler**— Ulf Svante von Euler Chelpin (* 7. Februar 1905 in Stockholm, Schweden; † 9. März 1983 ebenda) war ein schwedischer Physiologe und Neurochemiker. Er isolierte und beschrieb 1935 unabhängig von M.W. Goldblatt,[1] die Prostaglandine zum ersten Mal… … Deutsch Wikipedia**Ulf von Euler**— Ulf Svante von Euler Pour les articles homonymes, voir Euler (homonymie). Ulf Svante von Euler Ulf Svante von Euler est un neurophysiologiste suedois, né le 7 février 1905 et mort … Wikipédia en Français**Ulf von Euler**— Ulf Svante von Euler (Estocolmo, Suecia, 7 de febrero de 1905 íd. 8 de marzo de 1983) fue un médico, farmacólogo y profesor universitario sueco galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina del año 1970. Biografía Era hijo del… … Wikipedia Español**Medizinnobelpreis 1970: Julius Axelrod — Ulf von Euler — Bernard Katz**— Die drei Neurophysiologen und Neuropharmakologen erhielten den Nobelpreis »für ihre Entdeckungen der humoralen Transmitter in den Nervenenden und der Mechanismen der Speicherung, Freisetzung und Inaktivierung«. Biografien Julius Axelrod, * … Universal-Lexikon**Ulf Svante Hansson von Euler-Chelpin**— Ulf von Euler Ulf Svante von Euler Chelpin (* 7. Februar 1905 in Stockholm, Schweden; † 9. März 1983 ebenda) war ein schwedischer Physiologe und Neurochemiker. Euler Chelpin fand um 1930 im menschlichen Sperma das Prostaglandin. Er entdeck … Deutsch Wikipedia**Ulf svante von euler**— Pour les articles homonymes, voir Euler (homonymie). Ulf Svante von Euler Ulf Svante von Euler est un neurophysiologiste suedois, né le 7 février 1905 et mort … Wikipédia en Français**Von Euler, Ulf Svante**— von Euler , Ulf Svante … Scientists**von Euler**— Ulf Svante … Scientists**Euler, Ulf von**— ▪ Swedish physiologist in full Ulf Svante von Euler Chelpin born Feb. 7, 1905, Stockholm, Sweden died March 9, 1983, Stockholm Swedish physiologist who, with British biophysicist Sir Bernard Katz and American biochemist Julius Axelrod,… … Universalium**Ulf Svante von Euler**— Pour les articles homonymes, voir Euler (homonymie). Ulf Svante von Euler est un neurophysiologiste suedois, né le 7 février 1905 et mort le 9 mars 1983. Il reçoit le prix Nobel en 1970 (avec Bernard Katz et Julius Axelrod) pour ces travaux sur… … Wikipédia en Français