- Oţelu Roşu
Oţelu Roşu — Town —
Coat of armsLocation of Oţelu Roşu
Country Romania County Caraş-Severin County Status Town Government – Mayor Simion Iancu (Democratic Party) Area – Total 63.81 km2 (24.6 sq mi) Population (2002) – Total 11,747 – Density 184/km2 (476.6/sq mi) Time zone EET (UTC+2) – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Website http://www.otelurosu.info
Oţelu Roşu (Romanian pronunciation: [oˌt͡selu ˈroʃu]; formerly Ferdinand; Hungarian: Nándorhegy; German: Ferdinandsberg) is a town in southwestern Caraş-Severin County, Romania, in the Bistra Valley. It is situated on the national road 68, between Caransebeş (21 km away) and Haţeg. The town administers two villages, Cireşa and Mal.
Oţelu Roşu is located at an altitude of approximately 300 meters in Valea Bistrei valley, which is between the Poiana Ruscăi mountains to the north and the Ţarcu Mountains to the south. To the south of Oţelu Roşu is a large piedmont of the Ţarcu Mountains, locally named Gai. To the north the town makes direct contact with the foothills of the Poiana Ruscăi Mountains. Dominant heights are the hill of Ferdinand (overlooking the foundry) and the hill of Chiciura.
Oţelu Roşu is subjected to west European climatic influences because of its altitude and location. The altitude and the neighbouring forests and mountains ensure a mild climate. In the winter, snow may persist as much as two or three months, however the temperatures do not drop too low. In the spring months, especially May, floods are possible due to the melting of the snow in the high areas of the Ţarcu Mountains and abundant rains. The most recent flood took place in the year 2000, destroying several bridges across the river Bistra.
During the wars between Romans and Dacians, the Bistra Valley was the route used by the emperor Trajan in penetrating into the heartland of Dacia. A Roman castrum can be found near the cemetery of Zăvoi (ancient Agnaviae), a settlement close to Oţelu Roşu.
In the fifteenth century, during medieval times, Oţelu Roşu was mentioned under the name of "Bistra", and later with the Hungarian name of Nándorhegy. After the expulsion of Turks from Banat by the Habsburgs, the area was colonised by Germans. Also, Italians are brought in to work in metalworking industry. Later, as Transylvania became part of Romania, the name of Nándorhegy was replaced with the Ferdinand.
The population was 12,989 (2000) and 13,128 (1999). Causes of this demographic regress are among others the problems of the metalworking industry and the high unemployment, making many young people leave the town and move into regional centers such as Timişoara and other areas of Romania.
At the 2002 census, 90.2% of inhabitants were Romanians, 4.1% each Germans and Hungarians and 0.8% Roma. After 1989, most of the town's Germans, Italians and Slovaks emigrated. In 2002, 76.7% of residents were Romanian Orthodox, 11.4% Roman Catholic, 4.8% Pentecostal, 4.4% Baptist and 1% Reformed.
The town has three schools and one industrial high school.
Caraş-Severin County, Romania Cities Towns Communes
Armeniş · Bănia · Băuţar · Berlişte · Berzasca · Berzovia · Bolvaşniţa · Bozovici · Brebu · Brebu Nou · Buchin · Bucoşniţa · Caraşova · Cărbunari · Ciclova Română · Ciuchici · Ciudanoviţa · Constantin Daicoviciu · Copăcele · Cornea · Cornereva · Coronini · Dalboşeţ · Doclin · Dognecea · Domaşnea · Eftimie Murgu · Ezeriş · Fârliug · Forotic · Gârnic · Glimboca · Goruia · Grădinari · Iablaniţa · Lăpuşnicel · Lăpuşnicu Mare · Luncaviţa · Lupac · Marga · Măureni · Mehadia · Mehadica · Naidăş · Obreja · Ocna de Fier · Păltiniş · Pojejena · Prigor · Răcăşdia · Ramna · Rusca Montană · Sacu · Sasca Montană · Sicheviţa · Slatina-Timiş · Socol · Şopotu Nou · Târnova · Teregova · Ticvaniu Mare · Topleţ · Turnu Ruieni · Văliug · Vărădia · Vermeş · Vrani · Zăvoi · Zorlenţu Mare
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Look at other dictionaries:
Otelu Rosu — Oţelu Roşu Ferdinandsberg Nándorhegy Hilfe zu Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oțelu Roșu — Ferdinandsberg Nándorhegy … Deutsch Wikipedia
Otelu Rosu — Original name in latin Oelu Rou Name in other language Ferdinand, Gara Ferdinand, Otelu Rosu, Otelul Rosu, Oelu Rou, Oelul Rou State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 45.53333 latitude 22.36667 altitude 327 Population 11482 Date… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Oţelu Roşu — Sp Ocèlu Ròšu nkt. Ap Oţelu Roşu L C Rumunija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Oţelu Roşu — Diese Schreibung ist obsolet. Das Stichwort ist unter „Oțelu Roșu“ zu finden. In der rumänischen Orthographie finden statt der Buchstaben Şş und Ţţ die Buchstaben Șș und Țț Anwendung … Deutsch Wikipedia
Comuna Otelu Rosu — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Oraş Oţelu Roşu Country and Admin Code RO.12.51207 RO … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Ocelu Rošu — Sp Ocèlu Ròšu nkt. Ap Oţelu Roşu L C Rumunija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Ferdinandsberg — Oţelu Roşu Ferdinandsberg Nándorhegy Hilfe zu Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mechel — OAO Мечел Type Public (RTS:MTLR NYSE: MTL … Wikipedia
Valea Jghiabului River — Geobox River name = Valea Jghiabului River native name = other name = other name1 = image size = image caption = country type = Countries state type = region type = district type = Counties city type = Villages country = Romania country1 = state … Wikipedia