- John Mercer (scientist)
John Mercer (1791–1866) was an English dye and fabric
chemistand fabric printer. In 1844 he developed a process for treating cotton, mercerization, that improves many of its qualities for use in fabrics.
John Mercer never went to school, he learned basic reading and writing from his neighbour. He was very fond of dyeing. With the help of a chemistry textbook he taught himself the basics of the dyeing process. He continued to experiment, until he discovered Antimony orange. Later on he developed the mercerization process.
In 1814 he married Mary Wolstenholme; together they had six children.
* [http://www.lancashirepioneers.com/mercer/early.asp Biography and pictures about John Mercer]
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