- Tansu Çiller
Tansu Çiller Prime Minister of Turkey In office
25 June 1993 – 6 March 1996
President Süleyman Demirel Preceded by Süleyman Demirel Succeeded by Mesut Yılmaz Personal details Born October 23, 1944
Political party True Path Party Spouse(s) Özer Uçuran Çiller Alma mater Robert College
University of New Hampshire
University of Connecticut
She is the daughter of a Turkish governor of Bilecik province during the 1950s. She graduated from the School of Economics at Robert College after finishing the American College for Girls in Istanbul. She received her M.S. from the University of New Hampshire and Ph.D. from the University of Connecticut. She later completed her postdoctoral studies at Yale University. Çiller taught economics at Franklin and Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. In 1978, she became a lecturer at Boğaziçi University in Istanbul and in 1983 she was appointed as professor by the same institution. She also worked in the now-defunct Istanbul Bank as president of the company.
After teaching at several universities as a professor, Çiller entered politics in November 1990, joining the conservative True Path Party (DYP). She was first elected to the parliament in 1991 as deputy of Istanbul and served as Minister of State in charge of economics in the coalition government of Süleyman Demirel. On June 13, 1993, she became the party's leader and later in the same year, the Prime Minister of a coalition government. She served as prime minister from 1993 to 1996. After the withdrawal of the Republican People's Party (CHP) from the coalition in 1995 she attempted to form a minority government, which failed. After that she agreed to form another cabinet with the CHP and went for general elections.
Çiller also served as Turkey's Foreign Affairs Minister and the vice prime minister between 1996 and 1997.
The EU-Turkey Customs Union agreement was signed in 1995 and came into effect in 1996 during Çiller's government. Çiller was also prime minister during the Imia/Kardak crisis with neighbouring Greece in 1996.
Tansu Çiller is a member of the Council of Women World Leaders, an international network of current and former women presidents and prime ministers whose mission is to mobilize the highest-level women leaders globally for collective action on issues of critical importance to women and equitable development.
After her November 2002 election defeat, she retired from political life.
Fight against PKK and Controversy
One of Çiller's major achievements was to transform the Turkish Army from an organization using vintage equipment from the US Army into a modern fighting force capable of defeating the PKK, using hit-and-run tactics. She also convinced the U.S. government to list the PKK as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, which was later followed by the acceptance of the same by the European Union.
Çiller declared on 4 October 1993: "We know the list of businessmen and artists subjected to racketeering by the PKK and we shall be bringing their members to account." Beginning on 14 January 1994, almost a hundred people were kidnapped by commandos wearing uniforms and travelling in police vehicles and then killed somewhere along the road from Ankara to Istanbul. Abdullah Catli, a leader of the ultra-nationalist Grey Wolves and an organized crime figure, demanded money from people who were on "Çiller’s list", promising to get their names removed. One of his victims, Behçet Canturk, was to pay ten million dollars, to which Casino King Omer Luftu Topal added a further seventeen million. However, after receiving the money, he then went on to have them kidnapped and killed, and sometimes tortured beforehand.
After the Susurluk scandal, she praised Catli who was killed during the Susurluk car crash, saying that: "Those who fire bullets or suffer their wounds in the name of this country, this nation, and this state will always be respectfully remembered by us."
She was also investigated by the Turkish Parliament on serious corruption charges following her period in government. Along with another former Prime Minister, Mesut Yılmaz, she was later cleared of all the charges mainly due to technicalities such as the statute of limitations and the political immunity of parliamentarians. At the end of 1998, the corruption files about Yılmaz and Çiller were covered up at the commissions of the Parliament in a common action staged by DYP, ANAP and DSP MPs.
Tansu Çiller is married to Özer Uçuran Çiller and they have two sons, Mert and Berk.
- ^ "PANGALOS/GR-TURK.RELATIONS". hri.org. http://www.hri.org/news/greek/ant1en/1997/97-06-04.ant1en.html.
- ^ ""TURKEY WILL NOT STAY SPECTATOR TOWARDS EFFORTS TO DIVIDE ALBANIA" - declares Tansu Çiller". hri.org. http://www.hri.org/news/balkans/ata/1997/97-03-21.ata.html#11.
- ^ Nezan, Kendal (5 July 1998). "Turkey's pivotal role in the international drug trade". Le Monde diplomatique. http://mondediplo.com/1998/07/05turkey.
- ^ Lucy Komisar, Turkey's terrorists: a CIA legacy lives on, The Progressive, April 1997.
- ^ 1998 Report from the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey, chapter II, "SUSURLUK SCANDAL: Counter-guerilla Affairs", p.39-86 (see note p.39)
- ^ 1998 Report from the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey, p.11
- Biyografi.net - Biography of Tansu Çiller
- Who is Who - Biographies : Prof. Dr. Tansu Çiller
- Appendix A : Turkey and Former Prime Minister Tansu Çiller in State Department Seeks ‘Viable’ Iranian Candidates, by Sibel Edmonds
Party political offices Preceded by
Leader of the True Path Party
Political offices Preceded by
Prime Minister of Turkey
Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey (List) War of Independence
Republic of Turkey
(since 1923)İsmet İnönü · Fethi Okyar · İsmet İnönü · Celal Bayar · Refik Saydam · Şükrü Saracoğlu · Recep Peker · Hasan Saka · Şemsettin Günaltay · Adnan Menderes · Cemal Gürsel · İsmet İnönü · Suat Hayri Ürgüplü · Süleyman Demirel · Nihat Erim · Ferit Melen · Naim Talu · Bülent Ecevit · Sadi Irmak · Süleyman Demirel · Bülent Ecevit · Süleyman Demirel · Bülent Ecevit · Süleyman Demirel · Bülent Ulusu · Turgut Özal · Yıldırım Akbulut · Mesut Yılmaz · Süleyman Demirel · Tansu Çiller · Mesut Yılmaz · Necmettin Erbakan · Mesut Yılmaz · Bülent Ecevit · Abdullah Gül · Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Republic of Turkey
(since 1923, acting)
Leaders of the
Democratic Party/Justice Party/True Path Party/Democratic Party
(1961-1981)Ragıp Gümüşpala (1961-1964) · Süleyman Demirel (1964-1981)
True Path Party
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Tansu Ciller — Tansu Çiller (* 24. Mai 1946 in Istanbul) ist eine türkische Politikerin. Sie war von 1993 bis 1996 die erste und bislang einzige Frau im Amt des Ministerpräsidenten der Türkei. Nach einem Studium der Wirtschaftswissenschaften an der Bosporus… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tansu Çiller — (* 24. Mai 1946 in Istanbul) ist eine türkische Politikerin. Sie war von 1993 bis 1996 die erste und bislang einzige Frau im Amt des Ministerpräsidenten der Türkei. Nach einem Studium der Wirtschaftswissenschaften an der Bosporus Universität, der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tansu Ciller — Tansu Çiller Tansu Çiller 24e Premier ministre de la Turquie … Wikipédia en Français
Tansu Çiller — Mandats 24e Premier ministre de la Turquie 25 juin 1993 … Wikipédia en Français
Tansu Çiller — (* Estambul, 1946 ) es una política turca. Fue la primera mujer en ocupar el cargo de Primera Ministra en su país, de 1993 a 1996. Biografía Nació el 24 de mayo de 1946, en Estambul. Hija del gobernador turco de la provincia de Bilecik. Está… … Wikipedia Español
Ciller — Tansu Çiller (* 24. Mai 1946 in Istanbul) ist eine türkische Politikerin. Sie war von 1993 bis 1996 die erste und bislang einzige Frau im Amt des Ministerpräsidenten der Türkei. Nach einem Studium der Wirtschaftswissenschaften an der Bosporus… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Çiller — Tansu Çiller (* 24. Mai 1946 in Istanbul) ist eine türkische Politikerin. Sie war von 1993 bis 1996 die erste und bislang einzige Frau im Amt des Ministerpräsidenten der Türkei. Nach einem Studium der Wirtschaftswissenschaften an der Bosporus… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ciller, Tansu — ▪ 1994 In a year filled with extraordinary departures from the status quo, the election in 1993 of Tansu Ciller as prime minister of Turkey nonetheless ranked as remarkable. It was not so much Ciller s meteoric rise in politics or her… … Universalium
Ciller, Tansu — (1946 ) Tansu Ciller, Suleyman Demirel s successor as the leader of the right wing True Path Party, became Turkey s first female prime minister from 1993 to 1995. At first she appeared to take a conciliatory approach to the Kurdish issue in… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Çiller — [ tʃilər], Tansu, türkische Politikerin, * Istanbul 1946; Wirtschaftswissenschaftlerin, ab 1983 Professor an der Istanbuler Boğaziçi Univ.; schloss sich 1990 der konservativen »Partei des rechten Weges« (DYP) an. 1991 93 Staatsminister für… … Universal-Lexikon