Pygmalion is a Greek name. Pygmalion—or "Pygmaion" according to Hesychios of Alexandra—is probably a Cypriot form of "Adonis", a Levantine vegetation-god.

It may refer to:
* Pygmalion (mythology), in ancient Greek mythology, a sculptor who fell in love with his statue
* Pygmalion of Tyre, a King of Tyre
** also a character in Virgil's masterpiece, the "Aeneid"

In the arts, the mythical character is depicted or is alluded to in (listed in roughly chronological order) the following:

* "Pigmalion" (opera), a 1748 opera by Jean-Philippe Rameau
* "Pygmalion" (1762 play), a short play by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
* "Pygmalion" (opera), a late 18th century duodrama opera by Georg Anton Benda
* "Il Pigmalione", an 1816 opera by Gaetano Donizetti
*"Pygmalion and Galatea", an 1871 play by W. S. Gilbert
* "Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed" a musical comedy composed by Meyer Lutz
* "Pygmalion, ou La Statue de Chypre" ("Pygmalion, or The Cyprus Statue") is an 1883 ballet with choreography by Marius Petipa.
* "Pygmalion" (play), a 1912 play by George Bernard Shaw
* "Pygmalion", a 1938 movie based on the play by George Bernard Shaw
* "My Fair Lady" a 1956 musical and a 1964 movie by Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe based on Shaw's play
* "Pygmalion" (album), by Slowdive

In psychology:
* The pygmalion effect, a concept in psychology describing the behavior of individuals as people expect them to behave
* Pygmalionism or agalmatophilia, an erotic attraction to statues or immobility

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