- The Adventures of Robin Hood (film)
name = The Adventures of Robin Hood
caption = Theatrical poster
Michael Curtiz William Keighley
Hal B. Wallis
writer = Norman Reilly Raine
Seton I. Miller
Errol Flynn Olivia de Havilland Basil Rathbone Claude Rains Patric Knowles Eugene Pallette
Erich Wolfgang Korngold
Tony Gaudio Sol Polito
editing = Ralph Dawson
April 25, 1938
runtime = 102 minutes
country = USA
language = English
budget = $2,000,000
amg_id = 1:991
imdb_id = 0029843|
"The Adventures of Robin Hood" is an American swashbuckler film released in 1938 and directed by
Michael Curtizand William Keighley. Filmed in Technicolor, the picture stars Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Basil Rathbone, Claude Rains, Patric Knowles, Eugene Pallette, and Alan Hale.
When Richard the Lionheart, the King of England, is taken captive by Leopold of Austria while returning from the Crusades, his brother John (
Claude Rains) takes power and proceeds to oppress the Saxon commoners. Prince John raises their taxes, supposedly to raise Richard's ransom, but in reality to secure his own position on the throne.
One man stands in his way, the Saxon Robin, Earl of Locksley (
Errol Flynn). He acquires a loyal follower when he saves Much ( Herbert Mundin) from being arrested by Sir Guy of Gisbourne( Basil Rathbone) for poachingone of the king's deer. Robin goes alone to see Prince John at Gisbourne's castle and announces to John's assembled supporters and a contemptuous Maid Marian ( Olivia de Havilland) that he will do all in his power to oppose John and restore Richard to his rightful place. He then escapes, in spite of the efforts of John's men.
His lands and title now forfeit, Robin takes refuge in
Sherwood Forestwith his friend Will Scarlet( Patric Knowles). There they meet and recruit Little John( Alan Hale, Sr.). Other men join their growing band. Later, Robin provokes Friar Tuck( Eugene Pallette) into a swordfight, but then persuades the friar into joining him to provide spiritual guidance to the outlaws. Soon, Prince John and his Norman cronies find themselves harassed beyond all bearing.
One day, Robin and his men capture a large party of Normans transporting the collected taxes through Sherwood. Among Robin's "guests" are Gisbourne, the cowardly
Sheriff of Nottingham( Melville Cooper) and Maid Marian. Robin and his men "liberate" the tax money, swearing to a man to use it towards King Richard's ransom. At first, Marian is disdainful of Robin and his "band of cut-throats", but becomes convinced of his good intentions. Robin tells the humiliated Gisbourne and Sheriff that they can thank Marian for their good fortune; in deference to her, he spares their lives and lets them go.
Prince John then comes up with a cunning scheme to capture Robin. He announces an archery tournament, with the grand prize a golden arrow to be presented by Maid Marian, knowing that Robin will be unable to resist the challenge. All goes as planned; Robin identifies himself by winning the competition and is taken prisoner. Gisbourne sentences him to be hanged. However, Marian warns Robin's men, and they manage to rescue him on his way to the gallows. Later in the dark of night, Robin sneaks into the enemy castle to thank her. Marian and Robin declare their love for each other.
Meanwhile, King Richard (Ian Hunter) returns to England disguised as a monk, but is recognized at an inn by the Bishop of the Black Canons (
Montagu Love) after he overhears one of Richard's men call him "sire". The traitorous bishop hurries to inform Prince John. Upon receiving the news, John and Gisbourne plot to dispose of Richard quietly before he can raise an army. Dickon Malbete ( Harry Cording), a disgraced former knight, is sent to assassinate him in return for the restoration of his rank and Robin's estate. Marian overhears them and writes a note warning Robin, but Gisbourne finds it and has her arrested and condemned to death for treason. Marian's nurse Bess ( Una O'Connor) informs her boyfriend Much, who intercepts and kills Dickon after a desperate struggle.
Richard and his escort travel to Sherwood Forest to find Robin. When Richard is certain of Robin's allegiance, he reveals his identity. News then reaches them that John intends to have himself crowned king by the Bishop of the Black Canons.
Knowing that the castle is too strong to take by force, Robin decides to use guile, visiting the bishop and "persuading" him to include Robin and his men in his entourage. Through this ruse, they gain entry to the castle and interrupt John's coronation. A melee breaks out, during which Robin and Gisbourne engage in a prolonged swordfight. Gisbourne is finally slain, and Robin rescues Marian from her cell.
Richard is restored to the throne; he exiles his brother, pardons the outlaws, returns Robin's earldom and orders him to marry Lady Marian. Robin declares, "May I obey all your commands with equal pleasure, sire!"
Errol Flynnas Robin Hood. ( James Cagneywas originally cast as Robin Hood, but walked out on his contract, paving the way for Flynn.)
Olivia de Havillandas Maid Marian
Basil Rathboneas Sir Guy of Gisbourne
Claude Rainsas Prince John
Patric Knowlesas Will Scarlet
Eugene Palletteas Friar Tuck
* Alan Hale as
Melville Cooperas High Sheriff of Nottingham
Ian Hunteras King Richard the Lionheart
Una O'Connoras Bess
Herbert Mundinas Much the Miller's Son
Montagu Loveas Bishop of the Black Canons
Leonard Willeyas Sir Essex
Robert Nobleas Sir Ralf
Kenneth Hunteras Sir Mortimer
Robert Warwickas Sir Geoffrey
* Colin Kenny as Sir Baldwin
Lester Matthewsas Sir Ivor
Harry Cordingas Dickon Malbete
Howard Hillas Captain of Archers
Ivan F. Simpsonas Proprietor of Kent Road Tavern
"The Adventures of Robin Hood" was filmed on location in various areas of
California. Bidwell Park in Chico, California stood in for Sherwood Forest. Several scenes were shot at the Warner Bros. Burbank Studios.cite web|url=http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0029843/locations|title=Filming locations according to IMDb.com|accessdate=2007-03-30]
It was produced at an estimated cost of $2 million, and was the first Warner Bros. film to be shot in the three-strip Technicolor processcite news| first=Roger| Last=Ebert|url=http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20030817/REVIEWS08/308170301/1023| title=Roger Ebert's review of "The Adventures of Robin Hood"| publisher=
Chicago Sun-Times|date=2003-08-17| accessdate=2007-03-30] (one of the few major motion pictures of the 1930s to do this). It was an unusually extravagant production for the Warner Bros.studio, which had made a name for itself in producing gritty, low-budget gangster filmsFact|date=March 2007, but their adventure movies starring Flynn had generated hefty revenue and "Robin Hood" was created to capitalize on thisFact|date=March 2007.
MythBusters" episode revisited Robin Hood's feat of completely splitting the arrow of a competitor in an archery tournament, but all attempts to reproduce it failed. A close analysis of the images in slow motion suggested that the arrow split in the movie was likely made of bamboo.
The film was well-reviewed and became the sixth highest-grossing film of the yearFact|date=March 2007, with just over $4 million in revenues, at a time when the average ticket price was less than 25 cents.Fact|date=March 2007 Warner Bros. was so pleased with the results that they cast Flynn in two more color epics before the decade was overFact|date=March 2007: "Dodge City" and "
The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex".
11th Academy Awards:
** Best Art Direction, Carl Jules Weyl
** Best Film Editing, Ralph Dawson
** Best Original Score,
Erich Wolfgang Korngold. An excerpt for violin and orchestra, the love theme of Robin and Marian has had a separate career as a concert piece.
* 11th Academy Awards:
** Best Picture, Hal B. Wallis and Henry Blanke
* In 1995, this film was deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" by the United States
Library of Congressand selected for preservation in their National Film Registry.
* In 2001, the film appeared at #100 on the
AFI's 100 Years... 100 Thrillslist.
Due to the movie's popularity,
Errol Flynn's name and image became inextricably linked with that of Robin Hoodin the public eye, even more so than Douglas Fairbanks, who had played the role previously in 1922.
Scenes and costumes worn by the characters have been imitated and spoofed endlessly. For instance, in the
Bugs Bunny animated short film, " Rabbit Hood", Bugs is continually told by a dim-witted Little John that "Robin Hood will soon be here." When Bugs finally meets Robin at the end of the film, he is stunned to find that it is Errol Flynn, in a spliced-in clip from this film. Other parodies were Daffy Duckand Porky Pigin " Robin Hood Daffy" and Goofyand Black Petein Goof Troop's "Goofin' Hood & His Melancholy Men".
Trigger (then named Golden Cloud) was the horse ridden by Olivia de Havilland in the film.
Roy Rogersliked what he saw and bought Trigger for his own films. This eventually made Trigger one of the most famous animals in show business.
*rotten-tomatoes|id=1000355-adventures_of_robin_hood|title=The Adventures of Robin Hood
*imdb title|id=0029843|title=The Adventures of Robin Hood
* [http://www.vidly.net/the-adventures-of-robin-hood-movie-trailer.html "The Adventures of Robin Hood" Movie Trailer]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
The Adventures of Robin Hood — is the title of:* The Adventures of Robin Hood (film), a 1938 film starring Errol Flynn * The Adventures of Robin Hood (TV series), a 1950s television series starring Richard Greene * The Adventures of Robin Hood (video game), a 1992 video game… … Wikipedia
The Adventures of Robin Hood — ist der Originaltitel von: Robin Hood, König der Vagabunden, Film aus dem Jahr 1938 Die Abenteuer von Robin Hood, US amerikanisch britische TV Serie aus den Jahren 1955 bis 1960 Diese Seite ist eine Begriffskl … Deutsch Wikipedia
The Adventures of Robin Hood — Les Aventures de Robin des Bois (film, 1938) Les Aventures de Robin des Bois Olivia de Havilland et Errol Flynn … Wikipédia en Français
The Adventures of Robin Hood (TV series) — Infobox Television show name = The Adventures of Robin Hood caption = Original title screen genre = Drama Adventure Folklore Period drama picture format = runtime = 30 minutes creator = Based on traditional legends Lew Grade starring = Richard… … Wikipedia
The Adventures of Robin Hood (video game) — Infobox VG title = The Adventures of Robin Hood developer = Firstlight publisher = Millennium Interactive designer = engine = released = 1991 genre = RPG, Adventure modes = Single player ratings = platforms = MS DOS, Atari ST, Amiga media =… … Wikipedia
The Zany Adventures of Robin Hood — Infobox Film name = Zany Adventures of Robin Hood, The caption = director = writer = starring = George Segal Morgan Fairchild Robert Hardy Roddy McDowell producer = music = cinematography = editing = distributor = released = flagicon|USA 1984… … Wikipedia
The Mark of Zorro (1940 film) — Infobox Film name = The Mark of Zorro caption = Original 1940 movie poster director = Rouben Mamoulian producer = writer = screenplay by John Taintor Foote adaptation by Garrett Fort Bess Meredyth from the story by Johnston McCulley starring =… … Wikipedia
Robin Hood (disambiguation) — Robin Hood was a famous English folk hero and outlaw. Robin Hood can also refer to:In film: * Robin Hood (1912 film), a silent film starring Robert Frazer * Robin Hood (1922 film), a silent film starring Douglas Fairbanks * Robin Hood (1973 film) … Wikipedia
Robin Hood — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Robin Hood est le nom anglais de Robin des Bois. Ce nom peut aussi désigner : Robin Hood ou la Forêt de Sherwood, édition française du roman Maid… … Wikipédia en Français
Robin Hood: Men in Tights — Theatrical release poster Directed by Mel Brooks … Wikipedia