] Highly complex compound eyes are another obvious feature of the cephalon (see below). Figure 3 shows gross morphology of the cephalon. The cheeks (genae) are the pleural lobes on each side of the axial feature, the glabella. When trilobites molted or died, the librigenae (the so-called "free cheeks") often separated, leaving the cranidium (glabella + fixigenae) exposed. Figure 4 shows a more detailed view of the cephalon.


The thorax is s series of articulated segments that lie between the cephalon and pygidium. Number of segments varies between 2 and 61 with most species in the 2 to 16 range.Citation |last=Whittington |first=H.B. |author-link = |contribution=Morphology of the Exoskeleton. |editor-last=Kaesler |editor-first=R.L. (ed) |title=Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, revised. Volume 1: Introduction, Order Agnostida, Order Redlichiida. |pages=1-85 |publisher=The Geological Society of America, Inc. & The University of Kansas |place=Boulder, CO & Lawrence, KA |year = 1997a | isbn = 0-8137-3115-1 ] Each segment consists of the central axial ring and the outer plurae which protected the limbs and gills. The plurae are sometimes abbreviated to save weight or extended to form long spines. Apodemes are bulbous projections on the underside to which most leg muscles attached, athough some leg muscles attached directly to the exoskeleton.Citation |last1 = Bruton |first1=D.L. |last2=Haas |first2 =W. |contribution=Making Phacops come alive |editor-last=Lane, P.D., Siveter, D.J. & Fortey R.A. (eds.) |title = Special Papers in Palaeontology 70: Trilobites and Their Relatives: Contributions from the Third International Conference, Oxford 2001 |pages = 331-348 |publisher=Blackwell Publishing & Palaeontological Association |year=2003a |contribution-url= ] Distinguishing where the thorax ends and the pygidium begins can be problematic and many segment counts suffer from this problem.Fossilised trilobites are often found enrolled (curled up) like modern woodlice for protection. Some trilobites achieved a fully closed capsule (e.g. "Phacops") while others with long pleural spines (e.g. "Selenopeltis") or a small pygidium (e.g. "Paradoxides") left a gap at the sides or between the cephalon and pygidium . Even in an Agnostid, with only 2 articulating thoracic segments, the process of enrollment required a complex musculature to contract the exoskeleton and return to the flat condition.citation |last1=Bruton |first1=D.L. |last2=Nakrem |first2=H.A. |year=2005 |title=Enrolment in a Middle Ordovician agnostoid trilobite. |journal=Acta Palaeontologica Polonica |volume=50(3) |pages=441–448 |url= ] In "Phacops" the pleurae overlap a smooth bevel (facet) allowing a close seal with the doublure. The doublure carries a panderian notch or protuberance on each segment to prevent over rotation of each segment. Long lateral muscles extended from the cephalon to mid way down the pygidium, attaching to the axial rings allowing enrollment while separate muscles on the legs tucked them out of the way.


Is a number of segments and the telson fused together to form the tail. The pygidium segments are similar to the thoracic segments bearing legs and gills. Trilobites can be described based on the pydigium being micropygous (pydigium smaller than cephalon), isopygous (pydigium equal in size to cephalon), or macropygous (pydigium larger than cephalon).

Prosopon (surface sculpture)

Trilobite exoskeletons show a variety of small-scale structures collectively called prosopon. Prosopon does not include large scale extensions of the cuticle (e.g. hollow pleural spines) but to finer scale features, such as ribbing, domes, pustules, pitting, ridging and perforations. The exact purpose of the prosopon is not resolved but suggestions include structural strengthening, sensory pits or hairs, preventing predator attacks and maintaining aeration while enrolled.In one example, alimentary ridge networks might have been either digestive or respiratory tubes in the cephalon and other regions.citation | last=Clarkson | first=E.N. | year=1993 | title=Invertebrate Paleontology and Evolution | edition=4th | publisher=Chapman/Hall | publication-place=New York] Later, more advanced trilobites developed thicker cuticles against predation by cephalopods. This makes the prosopon harder to see. Alimentory prosopon are easily visible in the Cambrian fossil record from the thinner cuticles of the trilobites in that period.


Some trilobites such as those of the order Lichida evolved elaborate spiny forms, from the Ordovician until the end of the Devonian period. Examples of these specimens have been found in the Hamar Laghdad Formation of Alnif in Morocco. Collectors of this material should be aware of a serious counterfeiting and fakery problem with much of the Moroccan material that is offered commercially. Spectacular spined trilobites have also been found in western Russia; Oklahoma, USA; and Ontario, Canada. These spiny forms could possibly have been a defensive response to the evolutionary appearance of fish.

Some trilobites had horns on their heads similar to those of modern beetles. Based on the size, location, and shape of the horns the most likely use of the horns was combat for mates, making the Asaphida family Raphiophoridae the earliest exemplars of this behavior.citation |last1=Knell |first1=R.J. |last2=Fortey |first2=R.A. |year=2005 |title=Trilobite spines and beetle horns: sexual selection in the Palaeozoic? |journal=Biology Letters |volume=1 |pages=196-199 |url= ] A conclusion likely to be applicable to other trilobites as well, such as in the Phacopid trilobite genus "Walliserops" that developed spectacular tridents.citation|url=|title=Earliest combatants in sexual contests revealed|author=New Scientist magazine|authorlink=New Scientist|year=2005|publication-date=May 28, 2005 ]

Soft Body Parts

Legs & Gills

Trilobites had a single pair of preoral antennae and otherwise undifferentiated biramous limbs. Each exopodite (walking leg) had six segments, homologous to other early arthropods. The first segment also bore a feather-like epipodite, or gill branch, which was used for respiration and, in some species, swimming. The last expodite segment had a claw and 2 articulated flanking hooks.Many examples of hairs on the legs suggest adaptations for feeding or sensory organs to help with walking.Citation |last=Whittington |first=H.B. |author-link= |contribution=The Trilobite Body. |editor-last=Kaesler |editor-first=R.L. (ed) |title=Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, revised. Volume 1: Introduction, Order Agnostida, Order Redlichiida. |pages=137-169 |publisher = The Geological Society of America, Inc. & The University of Kansas |place=Boulder, CO & Lawrence, KA |year=1997c |isbn=0-8137-3115-1 ]

Digestive tract

The mouth of trilobites was situated on the rear edge of the hypostome, in front of the 2 pairs of legs attached to the cephalon. The mouth is linked by a small oesophagus to the stomach that lay forward of the mouth, below the glabella. The "intestine" led backwards from there to the pygidium.

Sensory organs

Many trilobites had eyes; they also had antennae that perhaps were used for taste and smell. Some trilobites were blind, probably living too deep in the sea for light to reach them. As such, they became secondarily blind in this branch of trilobite evolution. Others, such as "Phacops rana", had eyes that were quite large for use in more well lit, predator-filled waters.


The pair of atennae are suspected in most trilobites (but preserved only in a few) were highly flexible to allow then to be retracted when the trilobite was enrolled. The antennae are probably similar to those in extant arthropods.


Even the earliest trilobites had complex, compound eyes with lenses made of calcite, a unique characteristic of all trilobite eyes. This confirms that eyes of arthropods and probably other animals were already quite developed at the beginning of the Cambrian. Improving eyesight of both predator and prey in marine environments probably provided one of the evolutionary pressures furthering an apparent rapid development of new life forms during what is known as the Cambrian Explosion.

The trilobite eyes were typically compound, with each lens being an elongated prism. The number of lenses in such an eye varied: some trilobites had only one, while some had thousands of lenses in a single eye. In these compound eyes, the lenses were typically arranged hexagonally. The fossil record of trilobite eyes is complete enough that their evolution can be studied through time, which compensates to some extent the lack of preservation of soft internal parts.

The lenses of trilobites eyes were made of calcite (calcium carbonate, CaCO3). Pure forms of calcite are transparent, and some trilobites used crystallographically oriented, clear calcite crystals to form each lens of each of their eyes.Citation | last = Clarkson | first = E.N. | contribution = The Eye, Morphology, Function and Evolution | editor-last = Kaesler | editor-first = R.L. (ed) | title = Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, revised. Volume 1: Introduction, Order Agnostida, Order Redlichiida. | pages = 114-132 | publisher = The Geological Society of America, Inc. & The University of Kansas | place = Boulder, CO & Lawrence, KA | year = 1997 | isbn = 0-8137-3115-1 ] In this, they differ from most other arthropods, which have soft or chitin-supported eyes.

The rigid calcite lenses of a trilobite eye would have been unable to accommodate to a change of focus like the soft lens in a human eye would; however, in some trilobites the calcite formed an internal doublet structure,Citation | last1 = Clarkson | first1 = E. N. K. | last2 = Levi-Setti | first2 = R. L. |year=1975 | title =Trilobite eyes and the optics of Descartes and Huygens.| journal =Nature |volume= 254 |pages=663-667 ] giving superb depth of field and minimal spherical aberration, as rediscovered by French scientist René Descartes and Dutch physicist Christiaan Huygens many millions of years later. A living species with similar lenses is the brittle star "Ophiocoma wendtii". In other trilobites, with a Huygens interface apparently missing, a gradient index lens is invoked with the refractive index of the lens changing towards the center.Citation | last1 = Bruton | first1 = D.L. | last2 = Haas | first2 = W. | contribution = The Puzzling Eye of Phacops | editor-last = Lane, P.D., Siveter, D.J. & Fortey R.A. | title = Special Papers in Palaeontology 70: Trilobites and Their Relatives: Contributions from the Third International Conference, Oxford 2001|pages =349-362|publisher=Blackwell Publishing & Palaeontological Association |year=2003b |contribution-url= ]

Holochroal eyes had a great number (sometimes over 15,000) of small (30-100μm, rarely larger lenses.Citation | last1 = Clarkson | first1 = E. N. K. | year=1979 | title =The Visual System of Trilobites.| journal =Palaeontology |volume= 22 |pages=1-22 ] ) Lenses were hexagonally close packed, touching each other, with a single corneal membrane covering all lenses. Holochroal eyes had no sclera, the white layer covering the eyes of most modern arthropods. Holochroal eyes are by far the commonest amongst trilobites, found in all orders and all ages from Cambrian to Permian. Little is known of the early history of holochroal eyes; adult Lower and Middle Cambrian trilobites rarely preserve the visual surface.

Schizochroal eyes typically had fewer (to around 700), larger lenses, and are found only in Phacopida. Lenses were separate, with each lens having an individual cornea which extended into a rather large sclera. Schizochroal eyes appear quite suddenly in the early Ordovician, and were presumably derived from a holochroal ancestor. Field of view (all around vision) and coincidental development of more efficient enrollment mechanisms point to the eye as a more defensive "early warning" system than directly aiding in the hunt for food.

Abathochroal eyes had around 70 small lenses, and are found only in Cambrian Eodiscina. Each lens was separate and had an individual cornea. The sclera was separate from the cornea, and did not run as deep as the sclera in schizochroal eyes.

Secondary blindness is not uncommon, particularly in long lived groups such as the Agnostida and Trinucleioidea. In Proetida, Phacopina and Tropidocoryphinae there are well studied trends showing progressive eye reduction between closely related species that eventually leads to blindness.

Several other structures on trilobites have been explained as photo-receptors. Of particular interest are the small areas of thinned cuticle on the underside of the hypostome (macula) which, in some trilobites, are suggested to be simple ventral eyes that could have detected night and day or allowed a trilobite to navigate while swimming (or turned) upside down.

Sensory Pits

There are several types of prosopon that have been suggested as sensory apparatus collecting chemical or vibrational signals. The connection between large pitted fringes on the cephalon of Harpidea and Trinucleoidea with corresponding small or absent eyes makes for an interesting possibility of the fringe as a "compound ear".


Trilobites grew through successive molt stages called "instars", in which existing segments increased in size and new trunk segments appeared at a sub-terminal generative zone during the "anamorphic" phase of development. The molt itself, is called ecdysis. This was followed by the "epimorphic" developmental phase, in which the animal continued to grow and molt, but no new trunk segments were expressed in the exoskeleton. The combination of anamorphic and epimorphic growth consistutes the "hemianamorphic" developmental mode that is common among many living arthropods.

Trilobite development was unusual in the way in which articulations developed between segments, and changes in the development of articulation gave rise to the conventionally recognized developmental phases of the trilobite life cycle (divided into 3 stages), which are not readily compared with those of other arthropods. Actual growth and change in external form of the trilobite would have occurred when the trilobite was soft shelled, following molting and before the next hard exoskeleton.

Trilobite larvae are known from the Cambrian to the Carboniferouscitation |last1=Lerosey-Aubril |first1=R. |last2=Feist |first2=R. |year=2005 |title=First Carboniferous protaspid larvae (Trilobita) |journal=Journal of Paleontology|volume=79 |pages=702-718 |url=] and from all sub-orders. [ The Ontogeny of Trilobites] by Rudy Lerosey-Aubril Ph.D. ] As instars from closely related taxa are more similar than instars from distantly related taxa, trilobite larvae provide morphological information important in evaluating high-level phylogenetic relationships among trilobites.Citation | last1 = Chatterton | first1 = B.D.E. | last2 = Speyer | first2 = S.E. | contribution = Ontogeny | editor-last = Kaesler | editor-first = R.L. (ed) | title = Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, revised. Volume 1: Introduction, Order Agnostida, Order Redlichiida. | pages = 173-247 | publisher = The Geological Society of America, Inc. & The University of Kansas | place = Boulder, CO & Lawrence, KA | year = 1997 | isbn = 0-8137-3115-1 ]

Trilobites are thought to have reproduced sexually, producing eggs, albeit without undoubted examples in the fossil record. Some species may have kept eggs or larvae in a brood pouch forward of the glabella, particularly when the ecological niche was particularly challenging to larvae. Size and morphology of the first calcified stage are highly variable between (but not within) trilobite taxa, suggesting some trilobites passed through more growth within the egg than others. Early developmental stages prior to calcification of the exoskeleton are a possibility, but so is calcification and hatching coinciding.

The earliest post-embryonic trilobite growth stage known with certainty are the "protaspid" stages. Starting with an indistinguishable proto-cephalon and proto-pygidium (anaprotaspid) a number of changes occur ending with a transverse furrow separating the proto-cephalon and proto-pygidium (metaprotaspid) that can continue to add segments. Segments are added at the posterior part of the pygidium but, all segments remain fused together. The "meraspid" phase of development is marked by the appearance of an articulation between the head and the fused trunk. At the onset of the meraspid phase the animal had a two-part structure - the head and the plate of fused trunk segments, the pygidium. During the meraspid phase, new segments appeared near the rear of the pygidium as additional articulations developed at the anterior of the pygidium, releasing freely articulating thoracic segments. Segments are generally added one per molt (although two per molt and one every alternate molt are also recorded), with number of stages equal to the number of thoracic segments. A substantial amount of growth, from less than 25% up to 30-40%, probably took place in the meraspid stages.

The "holaspid" phase of growth commenced when a stable, mature number of segments had been released into the thorax. Molting continued during the holaspid stage, with no changes in thoracic segment number. Onset of the holaspid phase and the epimorphic phase was coincident in some, but not all, trilobites.

Some trilobites showed a marked transition in morphology at one particular instar, which has been called "trilobite metamorphosis". Radical change in morphology is linked to the loss or gain of distinctive features that mark a change in mode of life.Citation | last1 = Chatterton | first1 = B.D.E. | last2 = Speyer | first2 = S.E. | title = Larval ecology, life history strategies, and patterns of extinction and survivorship among Ordovician trilobites | pages = 118-132 | year = 1989 | journal = Paleobiology | vol = 15 | ] A change in lifestyle during development has significance in terms of evolutionary pressure, as the trilobite could pass through several ecological niches on the way to adult development and changes would strongly affect survivor-ship and dispersal of trilobite taxa. It is worth noting that trilobites with all protaspid stages planktonic and meraspid stages benthic (e.g. Asaphids) failed to last through the Ordovician extinctions, while trilobites that were planktonic for only the first protaspid stage before metamorphosing into benthic forms survived (e.g. Lichids, Phacopids).

Fossil Record

The earliest trilobite known from the fossil record is the genus Fallotaspis within Order Redlichiida, dated to some ma|540.citation|title=Trilobite!|first=Richard|last=Fortey|year=2000|isbn=0-00-257012-2] Other early genera include "Profalloptaspis" and "Eofallotaspis", all appearing about the same time.


Based on morphological similarities, it is possible that the trilobites have their ancestors in arthropod-like creatures such as "Spriggina", "Parvancorina", and other trilobitomorphs of the Ediacaran period of the Precambrian. There are many morphological similarities between early trilobites and other Cambrian arthropods known from the Burgess Shale, the Maotianshan shales at Chengjiang and other fossiliferous locations. These are investigated further here: [] It is reasonable to assume that the trilobites share a common ancestor with these other arthropods prior to the Ediacaran-Cambrian boundary. Ancestral trilobites may have been somewhat soft bodied and developed their thick carapaces through Cuticularisation. As with other forms of trilobite body evolution, this was a defensive measure.


The reason for the extinction of the trilobites is not clear, although it may be no coincidence that their numbers began to decrease with the appearance of the first sharks and other early gnathostomes in the Silurian and their subsequent rise in diversity during the Devonian period. Trilobites may have provided a rich source of food for these new animals. A smaller extinction event in the Middle Cambrian of trilobite orders possessing alimentary prosopon and a micropygidium may have been linked to the rise of cephalopods. Trilobites were under great selective pressure to develop defensive bodies quickly. The most radical change in body form occurred in the Middle Cambrian. As a means of defense, surviving orders developed isopygidius or macropygius bodies. This enabled trilobites to curl their bodies into a ball as a means of defense. A micropygidius trilobite cannot completely protect itself in a curled position with a pygidium smaller than the cephalon. It is analogous to pleurodirian (side-necked) turtles of the present day (Holocene). A terrestrial side neck could never evolve because the exposed neck in a side withdraw state would be vulnerable to a predator. Surviving trilobites developed thicker cuticles (as mentioned earlier) and as such, the alimentary prosopon are no longer visible due to the thickness. This makes an excellent fossil stratigraphic marker of the Cambrian period: Researchers who find trilobites with alimentary prosopon, and a micropygium, have found Early Cambrian strata.citation|last=Schnirel|first=B.L.|year=2001|title=Trilobite Evolution and Extinction|publisher=Graves Museum of Natural History|publication-place=Dania, Florida]

After the mid-Cambrian extinction event, the next great extinction event occurred at the Frasnian - Famennian boundary at the end of the Devonian period. All orders (except one) of Trilobites became extinct. Trilobites were bottlenecked into one single order, the Proetida. This single order survived for millions of years, continued through the Carboniferous period and lasted to the great extinction event at the end of the Permian (where the vast majority of species on earth were wiped out). It is unknown why Order Proedita alone, survived. It may have been a deeper water order that was able to avoid rapid changes that would affect species along the continental shelves. For many millions of years, the Proetida found a perfect niche. An anology would be today's crinoids which exist as deep water species only. In the Paleozoic era, vast 'forests' of crinoids lived in shallow near shore environments.

Additionally, their relatively low numbers and diversity at the end of the Permian no doubt contributed to their extinction during that great mass extinction event. Foreshadowing this, the Ordovician mass extinction, though somewhat less substantial than the Permian one, also seems to have significantly narrowed trilobite diversity.

The closest extant relatives of trilobites may be the horseshoe crabs, or the cephalocarids.citation|first=David|last=Lambert|publisher=the Diagram Group|title=The Field Guide to Prehistoric Life|publication-place=New York|series=Facts on File Publications|year=1985|isbn=0-8160-1125-7]

Fossil distribution

Trilobites appear to have been exclusively marine organisms, since the fossilized remains of trilobites are always found in rocks containing fossils of other salt-water animals such as brachiopods, crinoids, and corals. Within the marine paleoenvironment, trilobites were found in a broad range from extremely shallow water to very deep water. The tracks left behind by trilobites crawling on the sea floor are often preserved as trace fossils. These same trace fossils are also occasionally found in freshwater environments,citation | last = Woolfe | first = K.J. | year = 1990 | title = Trace fossils as paleoenvironmental indicators in the Taylor Group (Devonian) of Antarctica | journal = Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology | volume = 80 | pages = 301–310 | doi = 10.1016/0031-0182(90)90139-X] suggesting either that some freshwater trilobites existed, or that the tracks are also made by other organisms. Trilobites, like brachiopods, crinoids, and corals, are found on all modern continents, and occupied every ancient ocean from which Paleozoic fossils have been collected.

Trilobite fossils are found worldwide, with many thousands of known species. Because they appeared quickly in geological time, and moulted like other arthropods, trilobites serve as excellent index fossils, enabling geologists to date the age of the rocks in which they are found. They were among the first fossils to attract widespread attention, and new species are being discovered every year. Some Native Americans, recognizing that trilobites were water creatures, had a name for them which means "little water bug in the rocks".

A famous location for trilobite fossils in the United Kingdom is Wren's Nest, Dudley in the West Midlands, where "Calymene blumenbachi" is found in the Silurian Wenlock Group. This trilobite is featured on the town's coat of arms and was named the "Dudley Bug" or "Dudley Locust" by quarrymen who once worked the now abandoned limestone quarries. Other trilobites found there include "Dalmanites", "Trimerus", "Bumastus" and "Balizoma". Llandrindod Wells, Powys, Wales, is another famous trilobite location. The well known "Elrathia kingi" trilobite is found in spectacular abundance in the Wheeler Shale (Cambrian) of west-central Utah.

Spectacular trilobite fossils, showing soft body parts like legs, gills and antennae, have been found in British Columbia (Burgess Shale Cambrian fossils, and similar localities in the Canadian Rockies); New York State (Odovician Walcott-Rust Quarry, near Utica, N.Y., and the Beecher Trilobite Beds, near Rome, N.Y.), in China (Burgess Shale-like Lower Cambrian trilobites in the Maotianshan shales near Chengjiang), Germany (the Devonian Hunsrück Slates near Bundenbach, Germany) and, much more rarely, in trilobite-bearing strata in Utah and Ontario.

Trilobites are collected commercially in Russia (especially in the St. Petersburg area), Germany, Morocco's Atlas Mountains, (where a burgeoning trade in faked trilobites is also under way), Utah, Ohio, British Columbia, and in other parts of Canada.


See also

* Prehistoric life
* List of trilobites


Further reading


External links

*. (A site with information covering trilobites from all angles. Includes many line drawings and photographs.)
* [ The Virtual Fossil Museum - Class Trilobita] - Including extensive photographs organized by taxonomy and locality.
* [ The Trilobite papers]
* [ Western Trilobite Association]
* [ Kevin's Trilobite Gallery - a collection of photographs of trilobite fossils]
* [ Canadian trilobite web site: photographs of trilobite fossils]
* [ The Paleontological Society]

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  • trilobite — ● trilobite nom masculin (latin scientifique trilobites, du latin classique lobus, lobe) Classe de grands proarthropodes marins munis d antennes, fossiles dans les terrains primaires. ⇒TRILOBITE, subst. masc. ZOOL. ,,Arthropode marin fossile à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Trilobite — Tri lo*bite (tr[imac] l[ o]*b[imac]t), n. [Cf. F. trilobite. See {Trilobate}.] (Paleon.) Any one of numerous species of extinct arthropods belonging to the order Trilobita. Trilobites were very common in the Silurian and Devonian periods, but… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • trilobite — extinct marine arthropod, 1832, from Mod.L. Trilobites (Walch, 1771), from Gk. tri three + lobos lobe, so called because its body is divided into three lobes …   Etymology dictionary

  • trilobite — [trī′lə bīt΄] n. [< ModL Trilobites, Trilobita: see TRI , LOBE, ITE1] any of a large class (Trilobita) of extinct marine arthropods having the body divided by two furrows into three parts, found as fossils in Paleozoic rocks trilobitic… …   English World dictionary

  • Trilobite — Trilobita Trilobites …   Wikipédia en Français

  • trilobite — trilobitic /truy leuh bit ik/, adj. /truy leuh buyt /, n. any marine arthropod of the extinct class Trilobita, from the Paleozoic Era, having a flattened, oval body varying in length from 1 in. (2.5 cm) or less to 2 ft. (61 cm). [1825 35; < NL… …   Universalium

  • trilobite — noun Etymology: ultimately from Greek trilobos three lobed, from tri + lobos lobe Date: 1832 any of numerous extinct Paleozoic marine arthropods (group Trilobita) having the segments of the body divided by furrows on the dorsal surface into three …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • TRILOBITE — n. m. T. d’Histoire naturelle Crustacé de l’époque primaire …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • trilobite — noun /ˈtraɪləˌbaɪt/ An extinct arthropod of the class Trilobita, whose body had three large lobes …   Wiktionary

  • trilobite — tri·lo·bì·te s.f. TS paleont. invertebrato fossile marino della classe delle Trilobiti, diffuso nel Paleozoico | pl. con iniz. maiusc., classe del phylum degli Artropodi {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1840. ETIMO: dal lat. scient. Trilobītae, der. del… …   Dizionario italiano

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