official_name = Ilidža
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = BIH
map_caption =Location of Ilidža within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Amer Ćenanović(SDA)|area_total_km2 =
population_total = 47654|population_footnotes=
area_code = +387 33
website = http://www.opcinailidza.ba
Cyrillic: "Илиџа") is a town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. It has a metro population of 157,654, making it the 7th largest city in the country. Ilidža is the chief suburbof Sarajevo. It is famous for the natural beauty of its surroundings and historical tradition dating back to neolithictimes. Sarajevo International Airportis located nearby, as is the famous Vrelo Bosnespring.
"One of the prettiest places on the Earth ", as E.B.Lanin wrote in
The Contemporary Reviewin 1894in London.
Ilidža is known to have a pleasant and attractive geography. The city itself is built on fairly level ground, although it is surrounded by mountains. The biggest and most famous is mount
Igman, whose 1502 meter peak towers above the city. On the mountain grows the "Lillium Bosniacum", a branch of the Lily familyof flowers that is a historical symbol of Bosnia. The area is rich in flintespecially in the Butmirneighborhood.
The Željeznica river, a tributary of the Bosna, passes through the center of the city. The Bosna itself passes through Ilidžas outskirts. Its spring,
Vrelo Bosne, is found a few kilometers to the west of city center and is a popular national park. A number of smaller streams also pass through the city's area.
A number of horticulture projects have been undertaken in the history of Ilidža. The city is today very rich in trees. The total area of the city's parks is about 50% of that of Sarajevo, which has six times its population. In
1894, an article in a Londonnewspaper called Ilidža "One of the most beautiful places in the world".
Ilidža is one of the longest continuously inhabited regions in
Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since the 19th century, numerous archeological finds have been made in the Butmirneighborhood, dating from Neolithictimes. The so called "Butmir culture", is one of the best documented Neolithic cultures in Europeof the 26th and 25th centuries BC.
During Roman times, the Ilidža area was the location of the town
Aquae Sulphurae. This was a Roman colony, and the main settlement in all of Bosnia and Herzegovinaat the time. Today numerous traces of Roman civilizationhave been found, such as mosaics, ceramics, jewelry, coins, and even structural remains.
medievaltimes, the Ilidža area was part of the Bosnian province of "Vrhbosna". "Katera", one of the two original Bosnian towns mentioned by Constantine Porphyrogenitusin De Administrando Imperio, was found on the ground of today's Ilidža municipality. The disciples of Saint Cyriland Saint Methodiusconsidered the area important enough to stop by Vrelo Bosneand build a church in the area.
The modern town of Ilidža as we know was founded during the Ottoman rule of Bosnia. Its name derives from the Turkish word "Ilıca", meaning "warm thermal springs". (
Ilıcais also the name of a district of Erzurum, a southeast city of Turkey.) Numerous elements of Turkish culturefound their way into Ilidža, such as a number of orientalhomes from the 15th and 16th centuries that have survived to this day. Numerous mosquesand bridges were also built at this time.
Ilidža, like the rest of Bosnia, experienced
industrializationand westernizationwith the coming of Austria-Hungary. A railroad stationand tracks, hotels, and various other structuresmade Ilidža the most important town after Sarajevoin the region. This continued into the 1900sas Ilidža continued to grow and develop.
1990, Ilidža was populated mainly by the Serbs47,21% and Bosnian Muslims31,58% . When war started in 1992until the 1995 Dayton Peace Accordthe municipality was divided between Bosnian Muslims(Hrasnica, Sokolovic Kolonija, Butmir) and Serb(Ilidza, Kotorac, Vojokovici, Grlica) parts. When, under the terms of the Accord, Ilidža was placed within the territory of the Bosnian Federation, the vast majority of Serbsfled the city to live in the Republika Srpska, destroying some buildings as they did so. Some of those who remained were harassed and otherwise intimidated by an influx of Bosniaks, many of whom had lost their homes in Sarajevoor been evicted from Serb-held territory elsewhere. From 1996, Ilidža was home to the headquarters of the NATOpeacekeeping force IFOR(later SFORand EUFOR) before its move to nearby Butmirin the year 2000. During this period, the hotels Terme, Srbija ( Serbia), Bosna (Bosnia) and Jadran were barricaded and the area used as NATOHQ. Today Ilidža remains a bustling, largely Bosniak-dominated town. Vojkovici and Grlica formed Eastern Ilidza Municipality which is dominated by Serbs.
* Serbs - 18.627 (47,21%)
* Muslims - 12.462 (31,58%)
* Croats - 6.446 (16,33%)
* Yugoslavs - 954 (2,41%)
* Others - 963 (2,47%)
According to the Yugoslavian
censusof 1991, Ilidža had a pre-war population of 67,197. Of these, 28,836 were Bosniaks(43%), 24,982 were Serbs (37.2%), 6,901 were Croats (10.2%), and 5,126 identified themselves as Yugoslavs(7.6%), and 1,352 were classified as others (2%).
The Ilidža Municipality consists of the core of the city of Ilidža, as well as the outlying small neighborhoods (by size Hrasnica, Sokolovic Kolonija, Butmir, Kotorac), which although somewhat separated from the city center are still considered part of the city.
Sarajevo Cantonstatistics, the municipality of Ilidža has a total population of 47,654. According to Ilidža Municipality statistics, the population is slightly smaller, at about 44,454. Either way it is safe to assume that Ilidža has a population of about 46,000, give or take 1,500. Since the Sarajevo Canton statistics are far more detailed, and perhaps more recent, Wikipedia will take the 47,654 number as the official population.
Of these 47,654 residents, around 90% are Bosniaks, 7% Serbs and 3% Croats. Ilidža population accounts for a little under 12% of the population of Sarajevo Canton, and 2.1% of the
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In 2005, 84% of population of the municipality were ethnic Bosniaks.
Ilidžas population density is 332.3 inhabitants per km², which is incredibly low compared to the city of Sarajevo where the population density is 2470.1 inhabitants per km². This is largely due to the layout of Ilidža, described in the first paragraph above. Ilidžas population growth rate is 3.19%. If this rate continues, Ilidža should surpass the 100,000 mark in less than 25 years.
Ilidža is widely considered a unique city, but is also thought of as an almost fully incorporated
suburbof Sarajevo. As far as its own government goes, cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina typically do not have a normal "city government". Instead, the municipalities(Such as Ilidža Municipality) are based on major settlements and their surroundings. Thus the Ilidža Municipality government is the de facto government of Ilidža.
The current mayor of Ilidža is Amer Ćenanović. Through the municipality government, Ilidža also has its own legislative bodies.
Prior to the war, Ilidža municipality was one of the five strongest in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and one of the ten strongest in the whole of Yugoslavia. The war had a devastating effect on the city's economy, but today it is slowly starting to recover. Several important local companies are based in Ilidža. The city's economy is based on food processing,
electronics, and manufacturing.
One of the most important parts of Ilidža economy is its tourism. The natural beauty of the area is used to the city's advantage, attracting many
touristsfrom both abroad and as near as neighboring Sarajevo. There are plans for future development to enhance tourism, including hotels and a cable railway line to Mt. Igman.
Ilidža has many advantages as far as tourism is concerned.
Sarajevo International Airportis located just a few kilometers from the city. The regions natural beauty is quite a draw to tourists as well. Igmanmountain is a popular destination for skiingand hiking, and Vrelo Bosneis one of the country's most popular parks. Hotel Ilidža in the city can accommodate a number of guests, and if there is no room tourists can simply find a room in one of Sarajevo's hotels and make the short trip to Ilidža. Historical sites are also key in Ilidža tourism. The "Rimski Most" ("Roman Bridge") over the Bosna river was built in the 16th centuryusing actual Roman stones. The nearby restaurant is one of many popular eating spots in the city.
* [http://www.opcinailidza.ba/ Official site]
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