Languages of the Balkans

Languages of the Balkans

This is a list of languages spoken in the Balkans. With the exception of several Turkic languages, Hungarian, and Circassian, all of them belong to the Indo-European family. A subset of these languages are notable for forming a well-studied "sprachbund", a group of languages that have developed some striking structural similarities over time.

Indo-European languages


Romance languages

*Romanian (Moldova, Romania)
*Istro-Romanian (In eastern Istria)
*Istriot (in western Istria)
*Italian (on the Adriatic coast)
*Ladino (in Greece and Turkey)

Slavic languages

* Bulgarian
* Macedonian
* Serbian
* Montenegrin
* Bosnian
* Croatian
* Church Slavonic

Indo-Aryan languages


Uralic languages


Turkic languages

* Crimean Tatar
* Tatar
* Turkish
* Gagauz

Ibero-Caucasian languages


Extinct languages

These are extinct languages that were once spoken in the Balkans

* Ancient Macedonian
* Dacian
* Dalmatian
* Eteocretan
* Eteocypriot
* Illyrian
* Lemnian
* Liburnian
* Ottoman
* Paionian
* Pelasgian
* Phrygian
* Thracian
* Yevanic (Judeo-Greek)

ee also

*Balkan linguistic union
*Paleo-Balkan languages

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