- Labor Notes
name= Labor Notes
official_name= Labor Education and Research Project
Mark Brenner, Chris Kutalik, Marsha Niemeijer, Tiffany Ten Eyck, Mischa Gaus, William D. Johnson, Jane Slaughter, Jim West, Ellis Boal, Kim Moody, Dan LaBotz, Mike Parker, Martha Gruelle
website= [http://www.labornotes.org Labor Notes]
Labor Notes is a non-profit organization and network for
rank-and-fileunion members and grassroots labor activists. Though officially titled the Labor Education and Research Project, the project is best known by the title of its monthly magazine--now the largest circulation cross-union national publication remaining in the United States. The magazine reports news and analysis about labor activity or problems facing the labor movement. In its pages it advocates for a revitalization of the labor movement through Social Movement Unionismand union democracy. Labor Notes is based out of Detroit, Michiganwith an East Coast office located in Brooklyn, New York.
Following the mass movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s, Labor Notes (founded in 1979) was the product of a strategy by labor activists seeking to make grassroots connections across unions and industries. Labor Notes sought to bridge the gap between isolated rank-and-file caucuses and reform groups (the most notable being
Teamsters for a Democratic Union) in major unions such as the Teamsters, the Steelworkers, the United Auto Workers, the Communications Workers of America, the American Federation of Teachers, and others.
Labor Notes was launched as an attempt to help further those linkages, following the
Bituminous Coal Strike of 1977-1978and the wide-scale cross-union solidarity and energy produced around that.
The hope was that these reform efforts would strengthen and consolidate the more widespread waves of union militancy found earlier in the decade. Headlines in the first year of Labor Notes had themes like, "Teamster Steelhaulers Show Muscle in Three Week Wildcat Strike."
The emphasis in those first years was on how bureaucratic leaders at the tops of U.S. unions were holding back the militancy of this layer of workers. In 1979, union members still made up more than 20 percent of the U.S. workforce. Contract fights still centered on how to improve wages and benefits. Militant actions, like strikes, were still an important part of labor’s arsenal. In 1979, there were 235 major work stoppages involving a little more than a million workers.
The aggressive employer offensive that swept over the nation starting in the early 1980s rapidly changed the situation. Massive concessions in wages and benefits, plant closings, the crushing of major strikes like the 1981 Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization strike, and the Reagan-era rollbacks on labor law protections put the labor movement on the defensive. Fledgling rank-and-file groups and Labor Notes began to refocus on how labor leaders seemed incapable of addressing the free fall for unions and working people in this decade.
As the fight against the employers’ offensive gathered force, Labor Notes provided information and arguments around concessions. In 1982, the first Labor Notes conference — "Organizing Against Concessions" — attracted hundreds of activists. Shortly after, in 1983, Labor Notes published one of its first books, "Concessions and How to Beat Them" by
As the 1980s progressed, a new trend threatened to reduce the power of working people even more: the rapid growth of labor-management cooperation schemes. Alternately called "Quality Circles," "Team Concept" or other variants on "employee involvement,' these programs were pushed by some union leaders as a way for workers to get more of a "say" in exchange for concessions. Going against the tide, Labor Notes organized against this development, publishing articles and books that analyzed such schemes and holding schools to teach local union leaders and members how to fight them.
Though these trends continued in the 1990s, there were also saw signs of hope for labor. The
AFL-CIO’s leadership changed hands and the federation began devoting more resources to organizing new members, including Latino and other immigrant workers that the labor movement had traditionally ignored. Reformers briefly took control of the Teamsters union and led the 1997 strike at UPS, one of the largest and most successful strikes in recent memory.
Throughout the 1990s, Labor Notes focused on issues like cross-border organizing and
free trade. Labor Notes came out strongly against the North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA), publishing "Unions and Free Trade" by Kim Moody and Mary McGinn in 1992.
The year 2000 saw the flowering of the global justice movement at massive protests against corporate globalization in
Seattle, Quebec, and around the world. Labor Notes participated in many of these events and supported the union members and global justice activists who formed alliances with these movements. At the same time, Labor Notes was supporting the union victories of the Charleston Five longshore workers and telecommunications workers at Verizon.
In the immediate aftermath of the
September 11, 2001 attacks, Labor Notes reported on the massive public employee strike in Minnesota, where workers defied those who called them unpatriotic for striking, demanded a fair contract, and won. As immigrant workers centers grew as new forms of worker self-organization, Labor Notes reported on them and brought together the leaders of those centers to share views at its bi-annual conference.
More recently, Labor Notes reported on the massive immigrant demonstrations for immigrant rights and covered the development of U.S. Labor Against the War.
Labor Notes has published a number of books on labor-related themes. Its most well-known book is "A Troublemaker’s Handbook: How to Fight Back Where You Work and Win" by Dan La Botz, in 1991 and its sequel in 2005 "A Troublemaker’s Handbook 2" by Jane Slaughter. Another popular book is "Democracy is Power", by Mike Parker and Martha Gruelle, printed 1999 and re-released in 2005.
Every two years, Labor Notes holds a national conference that attracts over a thousand union members and leaders from across the United States, Canada, Mexico, and abroad. The purpose of these conferences is to help activists build networks based on common issues.
* [http://www.labornotes.org Labor Notes]
* [http://www.troublemakershandbook.org Troublemakers Handbook website]
* [http://www.troublemakershandbook.org/Text/Reviews/CWA%20review.htm CWA News review of A Troublemakers' Handbook]
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