Bucaramanga


Bucaramanga
Bucaramanga
—  City  —

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "The Pretty City", "City of Parks"
Motto: Montani semper liberi
Location of the city and municipality of Bucaramanga in the Santander Department.
Bucaramanga is located in Colombia
Bucaramanga
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 7°8′N 73°0′W / 7.133°N 73°W / 7.133; -73Coordinates: 7°8′N 73°0′W / 7.133°N 73°W / 7.133; -73
Country  Colombia
Region Andean Region
Department Department of Santander
Foundation 1622
Government
 - Mayor Fernando Vargas (L)
Area
 - City 165 km2 (63.7 sq mi)
Elevation 959 m (3,146 ft)
Population
 - City 608,102
 - Density 3,685.5/km2 (9,545.3/sq mi)
 Metro 1,212,657
Time zone Eastern Time Zone (UTC-05)
Website
bucaramanga.gov.co

Bucaramanga is a Colombian city, and capital city of the department of Santander, Colombia. Bucaramanga has the fifth largest city economy and sixth largest population in Colombia, with 1,212,656 people in its metropolitan area. Bucaramanga has over 160 parks scattered throughout the city and has been given the nicknames "La Ciudad de Los Parques" ("City of Parks") and "La Ciudad Bonita de Colombia" ("Colombia's Beautiful City"). It is internationally recognized for its parks.

Bucaramanga

Bucaramanga has grown rapidly since the 1960s, mostly into neighboring locations within the metropolitan area. Floridablanca, Girón and Piedecuesta are inextricably linked geographically and commercially with Bucaramanga, forming a large metropolitan city.

The city is the base of the Colombian Petroleum Institute (ICP),[1] the research branch of the state oil company Ecopetrol and the Colombian Natural Gas Company (Ecogas).

Contents

History

Girón was the first and most significant town founded by Spanish colonizers in the region and Bucaramanga (founded in 1622) did not overtake Girón in population or economic significance until the early 19th century. In the 1860s and 1870s the city attracted a core of German merchants and adventurers (the most famous of whom was Georg von Lengerke) and tensions between the newcomers and local merchants flared in 1879. With the political reorganization of 1886 Bucaramanga replaced Socorro as departmental capital. The region (although not the city itself) was devastated by the civil war of 1899-1902 - commonly known as the Thousand Days War and Bucaramanga grew only modestly in the first half of the 20th century.

Municipal Flag

The municipal flag of Bucaramanga was designed by the historian Gustavo Gomez Mejia. Made of two green stripes with a yellow one in the middle. In the center is a blue disk, surrounded with a red circle. In the middle of the blue disk is a white star. In the red circle is written the following legend: "Below the azure of its sky and defended by the generous blood of its sons, Bucaramanga is opened to the four horizons of the motherland". (Ivan Sache, 23 March 2001)

Municipal Coat of Arms

The words "Montani Semper Liberi" are Latin for "Forever free in our mountains".

The City

Bucaramanga is also known as the "Ciudad de los Parques" ("City of the Parks") and "Ciudad Bonita" ("Beautiful City"). The city is served by one transportation terminal and the Palonegro Airport, which is located west of the city. In general, the more prosperous areas are along and above Carrera 33 (Cabecera area) and to the south, over the Viaduct in Floridablanca (Cañaveral area), while the poorest areas are to the north (Kennedy area). The site of the old airport, the last big piece of undeveloped land on the plateau itself, was turned into middle-class apartment housing (Ciudadela Real de Minas) in the 1980s. The government center for the city and department, built around the old colonial plaza, is several blocks removed from the commercial center of the city. The departmental university, the Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS), is in the northeastern part of the city; there are several private universities of varying quality.

On January 20, 2006, Colombian company Telecom launched WiMAX, thus becoming the first city in Colombia and the second in Latin America to have it.

City's Communes and Neighborhoods

Bucaramanga is divided in 17 Communes which group several neighborhoods

  • Commune 1: Norte

Neighborhoods : El Rosal, Colorados, Café Madrid, Las Hamacas, Altos del Kennedy, Kennedy, Balcones del Kennedy, Las Olas, Villa Rosa (sectores I, II y III), Omagá (sectores I y II), Minuto de Dios, Tejar Norte (sectores I y II), Miramar, Miradores del Kennedy, El Pablón (Villa Lina, La Torre, Villa Patricia, Sector Don Juan, Pablón Alto y Bajo).

  • Commune 2: Nororiental

Neighborhoods: Los Angeles, Villa Helena I y II, José María Córdoba, Esperanza I, II y III, Lizcano I y II, Regadero Norte, San Cristóbal, La Juventud, Transición I, II, III, IV y V, La Independencia, Villa Mercedes, Bosque Norte.

  • Commune 3: San Francisco

Neighborhoods: Norte Bajo, San Rafael, El Cinal, Chapinero, Comuneros, La Universidad, Mutualidad, Modelo, San Francisco, Alarcón.

  • Commune 4: Occidental

Neighborhoods: Gaitán, Granadas, Nariño, Girardot, La Feria, Nápoles, Pío Xll, 23 de Junio, Santander, Don Bosco, 12 de Octubre, La Gloria.

  • Commune 5: García Rovira

Neighborhoods: Quinta Estrella, Alfonso López, La Joya, Chorreras de Don Juan, Campohermoso, La Estrella, Primero de Mayo.

  • Commune 6: La Concordia

Neighborhoods: La Concordia, San Miguel, Candiles, Aeropuerto Gómez Niño, Ricaurte, La Ceiba, La Salle, La Victoria.

  • Commune 7: La Ciudadela

Neighborhoods: Ciudadela Real de Minas.

  • Commune 8: Sur Occidente

Neighborhoods: San Gerardo, Antiguo Colombia, Los Canelos, Bucaramanga, Cordoncillo I y II, Pablo VI, 20 de Julio, Africa, Juan XXIII, Los Laureles.

  • Commune 9: La Pedregosa

Neighborhoods: Quebrada la Iglesia, Antonia Santos Sur, San Pedro Claver, San Martín, Nueva Granada, La Pedregosa, La Libertad, Diamante I, Villa Inés, Asturias II, Las Casitas.

  • Commune 10: Provenza

Neighborhoods: Diamante II, San Luis, Provenza, El Cristal, Fontana, Granjas de Provenza.

  • Commune 11: Sur

Neighborhoods: Ciudad Venecia, Villa Alicia, El Rocío, Toledo Plata, Dangond, Manuela Beltrán I y II, Igzabelar, Santa María, Los Robles, Granjas de Julio Rincón, Jardines de Coaviconsa, El Candado, Malpaso, El Porvenir, Las Delicias.

  • Commune 12: Cabecera del Llano

Neighborhoods: Cabecera del Llano, Sotomayor, Antiguo Campestre, Bolarquí, Mercedes, Puerta del Sol, Conucos, El Jardín, Pan de Azúcar, Los Cedros, Terrazas, La Floresta.

  • Commune 13: Oriental

Neighborhoods: Los Pinos, San Alonso, Galán, La Aurora, Las Américas, El Prado, Mejoras Públicas, Antonia Santos, Bolívar, Alvarez.

  • Commune 14: Morrorico

Neighborhoods: Vegas de Morrorico, El Diviso, Morrorico, Albania, Miraflores, Buenos Aires, Limoncito, Los Sauces.

  • Commune 15: Centro

Neighborhoods: Centro, García Rovira.

  • Commune 16: Lagos Del Cacique

Neighborhoods: Lagos del Cacique, El Tejar, San Expedito.

  • Commune 17: Mutis

Neighborhoods: Mutis, Balconcitos, Monterredondo, Héroes, Estoraques I y II, Prados del Mutis.

People

Many important personalities from Colombia are from Bucaramanga such as Luis Carlos Galán, presidential candidate murdered in 1989, Carlos Ardila Lülle, one of the most important businessmen in Colombia, Claudia Florez and Ivan Garzón.

Colombian artist Oscar Rodríguez Naranjo came back from France during the Second World War and settled in Bucaramanga. Rodríguez Naranjo taught at the art school while he made a number of paintings that would build up his reputation in Colombia.[2] In 1941 he became the Director of the Academia de Bellas Artes in Bucaramanga.

Education

The city has a good reputation due to its numerous universities, amongst them:

The Universidad Industrial de Santander is an official institution which offers 95 degrees and a wide range of undergraduate and graduate courses within the health sciences, humanities, sciences and engineering colleges. Also it offers seven technological programs in different fields through the Distance Learning Institute. Nowadays, after 50 years of existence, there are nearly 14.000 students registered in undergraduate and graduate programs, as well as a total 22.000 alumni. It proudly stands as the leading higher education institution in the northeastern part of the country and ranks fourth among official universities nationwide. Also, the University has created affiliate branches in Barrancabermeja - home of the most important oil refinery in the country -, El Socorro and Málaga. Recently it has extended its services to Barranquilla and Bogotá through the offer of its Graduate Programs.

Geography and climate

Bucaramanga is located on a plateau in the Cordillera Oriental of the Colombian Andes, and many residents occupy unstable lands descending steeply from the meseta. Westbound of it, the Rio de Oro Canyon is located at an altitude of 600m AMSL. Eastbound, the Andean Range rises up in high peaks, reaching almost 3,700m AMSL in the place locally known as "Paramo de Berlin" The city is located at 7°08′N 73°08′W / 7.133°N 73.133°W / 7.133; -73.133. The official metropolitan area includes the municipalities of: Girón, Piedecuesta and Floridablanca, but Lebrija is home to Bucaramanga's airport and is commonly considered part of greater Bucaramanga. All four neighboring municipalities contain extensive rural areas despite recent urbanization.

Under the Koppen climate classification, Bucaramanga features a tropical monsoon climate, though it’s a noticeably cooler version of the climate. The city falls just short of a tropical rainforest climate as its driest month, January, averages just under 60 mm of rainfall. Although its altitude is not considered very high, Bucaramanga's climate is not hot nor cold with 22 degrees Celsius being the average temperature. Compared to cities at the same average altitude (such as Cali), Bucaramanga has much cooler daytime temperatures due to the cold wind coming down the Eastern peaks; its night temperatures are not cold due to the warm air coming from the Canyon. This fact makes the daily thermal oscillation to be narrower than other Colombian cities.

Climate data for Bucaramanga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(78)
26
(79)
26
(78)
26
(78)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
{{{year high C}}}
(78)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(65)
18
(65)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(64)
18
(65)
18
(65)
19
(66)
19
(66)
{{{year low C}}}
(65)
Record low °C (°F) 14
(58)
14
(58)
15
(59)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(60)
13
(55)
12
(53)
16
(60)
13
(55)
14
(58)
14
(58)
14
(57)
Precipitation mm (inches) 58
(2.28)
74
(2.91)
138
(5.43)
158
(6.22)
125
(4.92)
97
(3.82)
86
(3.39)
97
(3.82)
94
(3.7)
154
(6.06)
103
(4.06)
61
(2.4)
1,245
(49.02)
Source: [3]

Sports

Club Atlético Bucaramanga Corporacion Deportiva, known simply as Atlético Bucaramanga, is a Colombian football club based in the city of Bucaramanga. The club was founded in 1949, and plays their home games at the Alfonso López Stadium.

Transportation

Tourism

Sites to view are bella artes do los homesexuales. Famous Ave. to visit is Districto Reyes where you can visit Gay museums,arts, and history for pro gay rights.

Media

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Archivo de Arte y Cultura Julio de 2006 - Luto por Rodríguez Naranjo
  3. ^ www.ideam.gov.co

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bucaramanga — es un municipio de Colombia y capital del departamento de Santander. Junto con su área metropolitana, Bucaramanga es una de las seis principales ciudades de Colombia. El nombre de Bucaramanga se origina en lenguaje chibcha donde significa Poblado …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bucaramanga — Bucaramanga, Stadt am Lebrija in der Provinz Soto der südamerikanischen Republik Neu Granada, in einem Thale der östlichen Cordilleren; reiche Eisen u. Kupferminen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bucaramanga — Bucaramanga, Hauptstadt und Hauptstapelplatz des Depart. Santandér der südamerikan. Republik Kolumbien, Sitz eines deutschen Konsuls, 990 m ü. M., am Rio Lebrija, mit etwa 20,000 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bucaramanga — Bucaramanga, Hauptstadt des kolumb. Dep. Santander, (1902) 25.000 E.; Bergbau …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bucaramanga — v. de Colombie, dans la Cordillère orientale, au N. de Bogotá; 341 510 hab.; ch. l. de dép. Industries …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bucaramanga — [bo͞o΄kä rä mäŋ′gä] city in NC Colombia: pop. 349,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Bucaramanga — Para otros usos de este término, véase Bucaramanga (desambiguación). Bucaramanga …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bucaramanga — 7.1022222222222 73.107222222222959 Koordinaten: 7° 6′ N, 73° 6′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bucaramanga — 7° 07′ 28″ N 73° 06′ 54″ W / 7.124444, 73.115 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bucaramanga — /booh kah rddah mahng gah/, n. a city in N Colombia. 340,783. * * * ▪ Colombia       city, north central Colombia, situated on the northeastern slopes of the Andean Cordillera Oriental at 3,146 feet (959 m) above sea level. Founded in 1622,… …   Universalium


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