- Attacks on the London Underground
This is a list of deliberate attacks on the infrastructure, staff or passengers of the
London Undergroundthat have caused considerable damage, injury or death.
1885 Gower Street bombing
In January 1885 a bomb exploded on a
Metropolitan Linetrain at Gower Street (now Euston Square) station.
1897 Aldersgate bombing
Bomb left by an anarchist group at Aldersgate Station (now Barbican) station in 1897
1913 Westbourne Park bombing
In February 1913 a bomb - possibly planted by the
Suffragettes- was discovered at Westbourne Park station.
Provisional Irish Republican Army, is an Irish Republicanparamilitary organisation which, until the Belfast Agreement, sought to end Northern Ireland's status within the United Kingdom and bring about a United Ireland through armed force. On a number of occasions the group attacked the London Underground.
1973 IRA attacks
23 August 1973a bomb was found in an abandoned bag in Baker Street station ticket hall. The bomb was defused.A week later another bomb was found by a member of staff at the same station and again was defused.
26 December 1973a bomb was detonated in a telephone kiosk in the booking hall at Sloane Square station. Nobody was injured.
1976 IRA attacks
13 Februarya bomb was found in a small case at Oxford Circus station and was defused. On 4 Marcha bomb exploded in an empty train near Cannon Street station, injuring eight people in a passing train.
15 Marchan IRA bomb exploded at West Ham stationon a Hammersmith & City linetrain. The bomber, Vincent Kelly, possibly took the wrong train and attempted to return to his destination however the bomb detonated prior to reaching the City of Londonarea. Kelly shot the train's guard, shot and killed the train's driver Julius Stephen who attempted to catch the perpetrator. Kelly then shot himself before he was apprehended by police. cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/15/newsid_2543000/2543605.stm|title=On This Day: 15 March, 1976: Tube driver shot dead|date=2007|accessdate=2007-08-26]
16 Marchan empty train was severely damaged by a bomb at Wood Green station. The train was about to pick up fans from an Arsenal Football match, but the bomb detonated prior to arriving at the station, injuring one passenger standing on the platform. Three men were sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for this attack. [cite book
last = Croome
first = Desmond F.
coauthors = Jackson, Alan J.
title = Rails Through the Clay
publisher = Capital Transport Publishing
date = 1993 (2nd edition)
pages = pp. 537
isbn = 185414-151-1 ]
1991 IRA attacks
18 February 1991a bomb planted by the IRA exploded in a litter bin at Victoria Station. Warnings for the bomb were given prior to detonation, however, photographer David Corner ignored police warning and returned to the scene. He was subsequently killed by the bomb's explosion; 38 others were also injured.
29 Augustthree incendiary devices were found under a train at Hammersmith tube station.
23 Decembertwo IRA bombs explode, one on a train at Harrow-on-the-Hill stationcausing no injuries. Another smaller bomb also explodes on a train at Neasdendepot.
1992 IRA attacks
2005 terrorist bomb attacks
In 2005 a group of
Islamist extremistsattacked a number of transportation lines in London.
7 July 2005, bombs exploded on Underground trains between Aldgate and Liverpool Street stations, Russell Square and King's Cross St. Pancras stations and Edgware Road and Paddington stations. A double-deckerbus at Tavistock Squarewas also destroyed. The bombs were detonated by four suicide bombers. The explosions killed 52 people and resulted in over 700 injuries.
Four more attacks, unconnected with those on
7 July, were attempted on 21 July 2005at Shepherd's Bush, Warren Streetand Oval stations, as well as on a bus in Shoreditch. In these incidents, each bomb detonator fired, but did not ignite the main explosive charge. The only injury reported initially was actually a bystander suffering an asthmaattack.
* [http://www.cwgcuser.org.uk/personal/subterra/lu/luterror.htm Terrorist attacks on the London Underground, by Nick Cooper]
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