- Israel Police
The Israel Police ( _he. משטרת ישראל, "Mishteret Yisrael") is a civilian force in the
State of Israel. As with most other police forces in the world, its duties include crimefighting, trafficcontrol and maintaining publicsafety. It is under the jurisdiction of the Internal Security ministry.
The current police commissioner is Rav-Nitzav Dudi Cohen, who succeeded Rav-Nitzav Moshe Karadi.
The Headquarters of the Israel Police (specifically called _he. מטה ארצי, "mateh artzi", National Commandment) are located in Jerusalem, in the neighbourhood (former East-Jerusalem) of Nachal Egoz (Vadi Dzhoz, _ar. وادي الجوز Wādī [l-] Jūz).
In case of emergency, a civilian in Israel can reach the police by dialing 100 from any telephone.
** Keep public's security.
** Maintain public order.
** Securing public events, rallies and holidays.
** Handling suspicious objects and explosives (
** Securing schools.
** Riot control / crowd control.
* Law enforcement
** Covert operations against drug networks.
** Investigating suspects.
* Traffic control
* Police and community
** Operating the Civil Guard (Mishmar Ezrachi -or Mashaz- in Hebrew).
** Handling civilian complaints.
** Handling youth violence and crime.
** Educating the community and participating in educational campaigns.
: [http://www.police.gov.il/english/AboutUs/Structure/02_chart.asp Diagram - organizational structure]
The Israeli Police is a professional force, with some 30,000 officers on payroll. There are also some 70,000 Civil Guard ("Mash'az") volunteers who contribute time to assist officers in their own communities.
The police is divided into the following main divisional groups:
* International Relations
* Legal Counsel
* Immigration Control
* Audit & Accounts
* Economic Crimes
* Public Complaints
* Disciplinary Court
* Service Administration
* Human Resources
* Investigation & Intelligence
* Logistic Support
* Organization & Planning
* Patrol & Security
* Community & Civil Guard
* Central District
* Southern District
* Northern District
* Judea & Samaria District
* Tel Aviv District
* Jerusalem District
* The Border Police ("MAGAV") is the combat arm of the police and mainly serves in unquiet areas - the borders, the
West Bank, and the rural countryside. The Border Police has both professional officers on payroll and conscripts, serving 3 mandatory years in the Border Police instead of in the Israeli Defence Forces.
Yamamis the police elite counter terrorhostage rescue unit. It is known as one of the most experienced and specialized in the world. The unit has taken part in hundreds of operations in and outside the borders of Israel.
Yassam(Special Patrol Unit) is the on-call counter-terror unit in each district. The units, originally started as Riot Police, were called upon to assist with counter-terror operations. It has gained a reputation of being the most elite force on call and ready at any time. The Yassam has sub-units of Rapid Response Motorcycle Units.
Weapons and gear
Israeli police officers are obliged to carry personal firearms while on duty. This is because the Israeli police duties include also
counter terrorand each police officer must be able to supply an emergency reaction in case of terrorist attack. Another reason is that there are threats of kidnapping officers by Palestinianterrorist groups such as Hamasor Fatah's Tanzim.
Each policeman is armed with a
pistol(handgun) which he or she usually also carries at while off-duty. Also, each patrol car must have at least one long-arm (i.e rifle). Police volunteers are usually armed with an M1 Carbine, which they return to the police's armory after they finish their duty (they do not take the rifle home, but may sign one out for escorting field trips, etc.). Volunteers who have a gun licensemay use their own personal handgun as personal defence weapon for their police duty, under the condition that the gun and ammunition type is authorized by the police (9 mm). Common pistols owned and carried by volunteers include Glockand CZ-75 designs.
Heavy armaments such as assault rifles, sniper rifles and non-lethal weapons are assigned according to activity and not on personal basis.
Border policemen, however, carry an M16 assault rifle as a standard personal weapon and can carry it home while off-duty (like regular infantry in the
Israel Defense Forces).
tandard issued rifles (non-combat):
tandard issued assault rifle (combat):
IMI Jericho 941
Glock 17( Yamamand other special units only)
Non lethal weapons:
* police batons
* flash grenades
* pepper spray
:"Source: [http://www.police.gov.il/english/AboutUs/Ranks/xx_en_ranks.asp Israel Police website] ( [http://www.police.gov.il/al_hamishtara/dargot_u_smalim/01bd_darg.asp Hebrew version] )"
Honors and Awards
July 6, 2004: Received an award from the Anti-Defamation Leaguefor its counter terrorefforts and for passing seminars of counter-terror measures to FBIand local USA police. [http://www.adl.org/learn/news/Amichai_Shai.asp] , [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull&cid=1089090725477&p=1078027574097]
List of General Commissioners
** [http://www.police.gov.il/english/default.asp English]
** [http://www.police.gov.il Hebrew]
** [http://www.police.gov.il/arabic/index.html Arabic]
** [http://www.police.gov.il/russian/default.asp Russian]
* [http://www.geocities.com/ilpolicecars Israeli Police Vehicles - Hebrew]
* [http://www.axisglobe.com/article.asp?article=1576 Israeli Police Work Cast Under Discredit]
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