- Sayeret Yahalom
Hebrew language: יהל"ם - יחידה הנדסית למשימות מיוחדות) is a special elite combat engineeringunit of the Israeli Engineering Corpsof the Israel Defense Forces. The name "Yahalom" ( Diamondin Hebrew) is an abbreviation of "Engineering Unit for Special Operations".
Sayeret Yahalom specializes in special engineering mission which include:
* Accurate demolitions and planting of pinpoint
bombs, landmines and unexploded ordnance(Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)).
* Maritime sabotage and obstacles breaching.
* Searching and destroying
* Developing advanced methods and tools for demolitions and EOD.
* Teaching and training engineering corps soldiers and other Special Units in demolitions and EOD.
Organization and Activities
Sayeret Yahalom is a classified unit and almost none of its special activities are exposed to the public. When its activities are published, they are usually just credited to a "combat engineering force"; a term which can just as well be used to describe regular Engineering
sappers, IDF Caterpillar D9operators and infantry engineering companies. Jane's Defence Weeklyhas claimed that Sayeret Yahalom are working closely with Sayeret Matkaland Shayetet 13, by providing them with demolition, explosive and sabotage skills.Fact|date=December 2007
* YAEL ("
Ibex") - special demolition unit, long range sabotages missions, counter terror, maritime engineering.
* YACHSAP ("EOD Unit") - removing
land mines, missile warheads, handling nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) threats, bomb disposal.
* SAMOOR ("
Weasel") - a unit whose expertise is finding and destroying smuggling tunnelsand hidden weapon caches.
* HEVZEK ("Flash-light") - a unit who operates military
Weapons and means
The exact weapons of the unit aren't detailed but it was recently reported that they acquired new means to handle
smuggling tunnels, such as remote-controlled robotwhich can scan tunnels, removing the need for human operators to enter the tunnel and risk their lives.
EOD robots for handling Improvised explosive devices (IEDs), bombs and
explosivecharges and advance EOD car are standard equipment for all engineering units handling explosives and also used by Israel Border Police sappers.
Other means of Sayeret Yahalom include the up-armored IDF Caterpillar D9
bulldozer(which was found extremely useful for special operation and CT duties), an armored Excavatorwith drills and IDF PumaCEV.
Activities during the
Recentlywhen, Sayeret Yahalom was enlarged when the Southern Command
Philadelphi Route Smuggling tunnelexperts team was merged with the unit, to form a platoon called SAMOOR.Fact|date=December 2007
The "YACHSAP" team is constantly defusing large IEDs set by
Hezbollahalong the Israel-Lebanon border and bombs planted by Palestinians in the West Bankand the Gaza Strip.Fact|date=December 2007 They are often assisted by armored bulldozers for that mission.
The YAEL team has destroyed Palestinian homes and civilian infrastructure which was, according to the IDF, being used as weapons caches, cover for tunnels used to smuggle weapons, and firing positions.Fact|date=December 2007
Recruitment and training
In order to be accepted into the unit one must enlist with the
Israeli Engineering Corpsand go through basic training (" Tironut"), where the best trainees are tracked by the commanders and sent to "Gibbush" (a five day test of physical and mental condition in intensive field trials) from whom the very best are selected to join the unit and received advance training. The extra training takes another year (which bring to a total of 1.5 years of training) and therefore member soldiers must commit themselves for two more years of service (in addition to the mandatory three year service in the IDF).
The long and intense training period include both engineering and EOD training and both advanced combat training and full
* [http://www.geocities.com/mazanga9/IDF/CombatEngineeringCorps.htm# Israeli Engineering Corps SF]
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