- Asher Brown Durand
Asher Brown Durand (
August 21, 1796– September 17, 1886) was an American painter of the Hudson River School.
Durand was born in and eventually died in
Maplewood, New Jersey(then called Jefferson Village), the eighth of eleven children; his father was a watchmaker and a silversmith. He lived in what is now known as the Durand-Hedden house, which is now designated as a historic landmark.
Durand was apprenticed to an engraver from 1812 to 1817, later entering into a partnership the owner of the firm, who asked him to run the firm's New York branch. He engraved "Declaration of Independence" for
John Trumbullin 1823, which established Durand's reputation as one of the country's finest engravers. Durand helped organize the New York Drawing Association in 1825, which would become the National Academy of Design; he would serve the organization as president from 1845 to 1861.
His interest shifted from engraving to oil painting around 1830 with the encouragement of his patron, Luman Reed. In 1837, he accompanied his friend
Thomas Coleon a sketching expedition to Schroon Lake in the Adirondacksand soon after he began to concentrate on landscape painting. He spent summers sketching in the Catskills, Adirondacks, and the White Mountains of New Hampshire, making hundreds of drawings and oil sketches that were later incorporated into finished academy pieces which helped to define the Hudson River School.
Durand is particularly remembered for his detailed portrayals of trees, rocks, and foliage. He was an advocate for drawing directly from nature with as much realism as possible. Durand wrote, "Let [the artist] scrupulously accept whatever [nature] presents him until he shall, in a degree, have become intimate with her infinity...never let him profane her sacredness by a willful departure from truth."
Like other Hudson River School artists, Durand also believed that nature was an ineffable manifestation of God. He expressed this sentiment and his general views on art in his "Letters on Landscape Painting" in "The Crayon", a mid-19th century New York art periodical. Wrote Durand, " [T] he true province of Landscape Art is the representation of the work of God in the visible creation..."
Durand is noted for his 1849 painting "
Kindred Spirits" which shows fellow Hudson River School artist Thomas Coleand poet William Cullen Bryantin a Catskillslandscape. This was painted as a tribute to Cole upon his death in 1848. The painting, donated by Bryant's daughter Julia to the New York Public Libraryin 1904, was sold by the library through Sotheby'sat an auction in May 2005 to Alice Waltonfor a purported $35 million. The sale was conducted as a sealed, first bid auction, so the actual sales price is not known. At $35 million, however, it would be a record price paid for an American painting at the time.
In 2007, the
Brooklyn Museumexhibited nearly sixty of Durand's works in the first monographic exhibition devoted to the painter in more than thirty-five years. The show, entitled "Kindred Spirits: Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape," was on view from March 30 to July 29, 2007.
List of Hudson River School artists
*Howat, John K. et al. "American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School", The Metropolitan Museum of Art: New York, 1987.
*Rosenbaum, Lee. "At the New York Public Library, It's Sell First, Raise Money Later," "The Wall Street Journal", Tuesday, November 1, 2005.
*"An Old-Time Artist Dead," in
The New York Times, September 20, 1886 [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9404EFDD1E30E533A25753C2A96F9C94679FD7CF]
* [http://americanart.si.edu/collections/exhibitions.cfml#current Smithsonian Institute, Asher B. Durand's "Kindred Spirits"]
* [http://whitemountainart.com/ArtistGalleries/gal_abd.htm White Mountain paintings by Asher Brown Durand]
* [http://whitemountainart.com/Biographies/bio_abd.htm Biography of Asher Brown Durand on White Mountain Art & Artists]
* [http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/durand_asher_b.html Artcyclopedia: Paintings in Museums and Public Art Galleries]
* [http://artchive.com/artchive/D/durand.html Art Archive - Asher Brown Durand]
* [http://www.tfaoi.com/aa/6aa/6aa4d.htm New York Historical Society - Lee A. Vedder, Luce Curatorial Fellow in American Art]
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