Vila Nova de Gaia


Vila Nova de Gaia
Vila Nova de Gaia seen from Porto

Vila Nova de Gaia, or simply Gaia (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈvilɐ ˈnɔvɐ ðɨ ˈɣajɐ]) is a city in Vila Nova de Gaia Municipality, Portugal. It is located in the Porto District, south of the city of Porto on the other side of the Douro River. The city proper has a population of 178,255[1] and the municipality contains 24 parishes with a total population of 288,749 inhabitants, and is the most populous municipality in Norte Region. Gaia together with Porto and other 12 municipalities makes up the commonly designated Porto Metropolitan Area.

It is also well known for its "lodges" (locally known as "caves") where the world famous Port wine is stored and aged. The lodges have become a major tourist attraction.

Contents

Coat of arms and flag

The coat of arms consists of a grey crest with two golden-yellow bunches of grapes on the bottom with a black castle over the water, and with a person blowing the horn.

The flag is colored dark yellow to black in four each.

History of the municipality

Vila Nova de Gaia already existed under the Roman Empire as the city of Cale. It developed most likely from a preexistent Celtic Castro, or Neolithic settlement. The origin of the name Cale (or Gale, since in Classical Latin there was not always a clear distinction between the letters "g" and "c") is likely Celtic, from the root "Gall-" with which Celts referred to themselves, similarly to Galicia, Gaul or Galway. The river itself has a presumably Celtic name, Douro (Durus in Latin) maybe after Celtic "dwr", water.[citation needed] In Roman times the bulk of the population probably lived south of the river Douro, and on the north side, there was a smaller settlement around the deep water port which now is the Ribeira neighbourhood of Porto. The name of Porto, in high medieval times Portus Cale, thus stood for the harbour ("portus" in Latin) of the city of Cale. With the important trade of the river Douro, which is easily navigable up to the Régua deep inland, the Porto part of the city came to overgrow Cale, and became the most important part of town, where the Bishopric and the merchants were established.

With the Moorish invasions in the eighth century C.E., the de facto frontier between the Islamic state and the Christian one came to rest for a considerable period of time on the river Douro, around the year 1000. With the constant raids and counter-raids, the town of Cale, or Gaia, was deserted and most of its inhabitants took refuge in Porto.

After the conquest and pacification of the southern side of the Douro river after 1035, with the exodus or expulsion of the Muslim populations, leaving behind semi-abandoned fertile lands, colonists from the north settled in exchange for better feudal contracts with the newly appointed lords. These migrants refounded the old city of Cale or Gaia under the name of Vila Nova de Gaia (new town of Gaia) around the old castle and ruins of "old Gaia".

The name of the double city of Porto and Gaia was frequently referred to in contemporary documents as "villa de Portucale", and the county of the Kingdom of León which was centered around it was named Condado Portucalense. This county was eventually expanded and after gaining its independence, became the Kingdom of Portugal.

Leisure

Vila Nova de Gaia is the Portuguese municipality with the biggest number of Blue Flag beaches in 2009 and in 2010: 17 beaches along 17 km of seaside.

View of Gaia from Porto
Another view of Gaia

Some popular seaside beaches:Miramar, Granja, Aguda, Valadares, Francelos, Madalena and Canidelo, Gaia.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Uma População que se urbaniza, Uma avaliação recente - Cidades, 2004 Nuno Pires Soares, Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal)

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vila Nova de Gaia — Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vila Nova de Gaia — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vila nova de gaia — Administration Pays Portugal Région Nom de région absent ou mal rédigé pour en savoir plus cliquez ici. Par défaut, la carte de géolocalisation est celle du Portugal continentale. Sou …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vila Nova de Gaia — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vila Nova de Gaia —   [ vila nɔva ȓə ɣai̯a], Stadt im Distrikt Porto, Portugal, am Douro gegenüber von Porto, 247 500 Einwohner; Museum; Zentrum der Portweinherstellung, mit zahlreichen Kellereien; Maschinenbau, Textil , Schuh , chemische, keramische und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vila Nova de Gaia — es una ciudad de Portugal, situada en el norte (cerca de Oporto), con cerca de 273.100 habitantes. La ciudad está localizada en el margen izquierdo del río Duero. Está subdividido en 24 barrios. El municipio limita al norte con Oporto, al… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vila Nova de Gaia — Original name in latin Vila Nova de Gaia Name in other language Bila Noba nte Nkaia, Gaia, Portus Cale, Vila Nova de Gaia, Vila Nova de Gajja, Вила Нова де Гайя State code PT Continent/City Europe/Lisbon longitude 41.13363 latitude 8.61742… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Vila Nova de Gaia — Sp Vila Nòva de Gajà Ap Vila Nova de Gaia L Portugalija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Vila Nova de Gaia — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Vila Nova de Gaia Country and Admin Code PT.17.1317 PT …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Vila Nova de Gaia — /vee leuh naw veuh deuh guy euh/ a city in NW Portugal. 50,805. * * * …   Universalium


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