Aristobulus of Chalcis


Aristobulus of Chalcis

Aristobulus of Chalcis was a son of Herod of Chalcis and his first wife Mariamne, hence a great-grandson of Herod the Great.

In 55 AD, he was appointed by Nero as King of Armenia Minor, and participated with his forces in the Roman-Parthian War of 58–63, where he received a small portion of Armenia in exchange. [Tacitus, "Annals", XIII.7; XIV.26] He remained its ruler until the area was re-annexed into the Roman Empire in 72. He appears to have also been vested with the kingdom of Chalcis, [" [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0310.html William Smith, "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology", pp. 301-302] ] and his period as a ruler is dated to 57-92.

He was married to Salome after the death of her first husband, Herod Philip II. With her he had three children. [Josephus, "Jewish Antiquities", XVIII.5.4] Three coins with portraits of him and his wife have been found. [http://jerusalemperspective.com/%5Cdefault.aspx?tabid=27&ArticleID=1474]

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