Todos los Santos Lake


Todos los Santos Lake

Infobox_lake
lake_name = Todos los Santos Lake
image_lake = Lake Todos los Santos.jpg
caption_lake =
image_bathymetry =
caption_bathymetry =
coords = coord|41|06|S|72|12|W|type:waterbody_region:CL|display=inline,title
type = monomictic
inflow =
outflow =
catchment = 3036 km²
basin_countries = Chile
length =
width =
area = 178.5 km²
depth =
max-depth = 337 m
volume = 34.4 km³
residence_time = 4 years
elevation = 189 m
islands = one (Isla Margarita)
cities =

Todos los Santos Lake is located in the 10th region of Chile (Region of the Lakes), 96 km northeast of the regional capital Puerto Montt and 76 km east of Puerto Varas, within the boundaries of the Vicente Pérez Rosales National Park. It has a surface area of 178.5 km² and a maximum depth of 337 m.cite web
url=http://www.ilec.or.jp/database/sam/sam-11.html
title=Lake Todos los Santos
work=World Lakes Database
publisher=International Lake Environment Committee Foundation
accessdate=2006-10-27
] The Lake's National Park status has ensured protection to its environment. The catchment is largely covered with old-growth Valdivian temperate rain forests. The present form of the lake is the result of glacial and volcanic processes.cite web
url= http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1508-012
title=Cayutué-La Viguería
work = Global Volcanism Program
publisher = Smithsonian Institution
accessdate=2006-10-27
]

The main tributary of the lake is the Río Peulla/Río Negro, next to the Peulla locality. Its outflow at the Petrohué locality gives rise to the Petrohué River, with an average outflow of 270 m³ per second. Even though the lake has a regulating effect, it is subject to water level variations that may exceed 3 m and reflect in the discharge at the outflow. At a short distance from the Petrohué locality, the river flows through the Petrohué Waterfalls.

A regular road/boat transport service provides tourist transport between Puerto Montt/Puerto Varas in Chile and San Carlos de Bariloche on Nahuel Huapi Lake in Argentina. There are two main lake ports: Petrohué at the western end, and the village of Peulla at the eastern end; there is no road connecting these places. The lake is surrounded by steep mountains leaving only minor plains. Three snow-capped mountains are notorious: the Osorno volcano in the west, the Puntiagudo to the north, and the Tronador to the east.

This lake has been known with various names in the past: Purailla, Pichilauquen, Quechocavi. In the tourist trade it is also known as "Lago Esmeralda" (Emerald Lake) due to the green color of its water. According to cloudiness and weather mood, the eye and the camera perceive the lake as green, blue or silvery.

References

*En icon [http://www.lagotodoslossantos.net/en/lake.htm All on Lake Todos los Santos, Chile]


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