- Hellenistic religion
Hellenistic religion comprises any of the various systems of beliefs and practices of the peoples who lived under the influence of ancient Greek culture during the
Hellenistic periodand the Roman Empire(ca. 300 BCto 300AD). The Hellenistic period constitutes one of the most creative periods in the history of religions. It can be described as a time of spiritual revolution in the Greco-Roman world, where old cults died or were completely transformed, and where new religions were born.
Religion saw significant transformations, morphing Classical Greek polytheism into more abstract and philosophical terms, evolving into
Neoplatonismby the 3rd century. Mystery religions remained popular, indeed the Hellenistic period may be taken to extend into the Roman period, since the Roman Empirewas affected by Hellenism to the point of assimilation, re-casting their Ancient Roman religionin Hellenistic terms by " interpretatio romana" of Greek concepts, until the abolition of the Eleusinian Mysteriesin 392. The Hellenistic period saw the rise of Mithraism, influenced by a Hellenistic "flair" for Persia, and according to David Ulansey by astrological speculation related to the discovery of the precession of the equinoxesin the 2nd century BCE. Hellenism was fond of astrologyin general, and the classical Zodiac, ascribed to the Chaldeansby the same sympathy for oriental mysticism that gave Mithrashis popularity and furthered the rise of Gnosticism. Hellenistic religion is the context in which Early Christianityarose and developed, and Christianityas it emerged in the 4th centuryseamlessly continued many of its characteristics.
Imperial cult (Ancient Rome)
End of Hellenic Religion
Christianity and Paganism
Magic in the Greco-Roman world
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