William Crotch


William Crotch

William Crotch (5 July 1775–29 December 1847) was an English composer, organist and artist.

Born in Norwich to a master carpenter he showed early musical talent (a child prodigy). The three and a half year old Master William Crotch was taken to London by his ambitious mother, where he not only played on the organ of the Chapel Royal in St. James's Palace, but for the King. "The London Magazine" of April 1779 records:

He appears to be fondest of solemn tunes and church musick, particularly the 104th Psalm. As soon as he has finished a regular tune, or part of a tune, or played some little fancy notes of his own, he stops, and has some of the pranks of a wanton boy; some of the company then generally give him a cake, an apple, or an orange, to induce him to play again... ["The London Magazine", April 1779.]

Crotch was later to observe that this experience led him to become a rather spoilt child, excessively indulged so that he would perform.

He was for a time organist at Christ Church, Oxford, from which he was later to graduate with a Bachelor of Music degree.

His composition "The Captivity of Judah" was played at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, on 4 June 1789; his most successful composition in adulthood was the oratorio "Palestine" (1812). He may have composed the "Westminster Chimes" in 1793.

In 1797 Crotch was given a professorship at Oxford University, and in 1799 he acquired a doctorate in music. While at Oxford, he became acquainted with the musician and artist John Malchair, and took up sketching. He followed Malchair's style in recording the exact time and date of each of his pictures, and when he met John Constable in London in 1805, he passed the habit along to the more famous artist.

In 1834, to commemorate the installation of the Duke of Wellington as chancellor of the University of Oxford, Crotch penned a second oratorio titled "The Captivity of Judah". The 1834 work bears little resemblance to the oratorio he wrote as a child in 1789.

In 1822, Crotch was appointed to the Royal Academy of Music as its first Principal. He was however dismissed ten years later for what appears to have been a minor indiscretion with a female student: he kissed her after a particularly fine harmony exercise. [Liner notes for CD DKP(CD)9126 (Unicorn-Kanchana Records)] He spent his last years at his son's house in Taunton, where he died suddenly in 1847.

External links and References

* [http://www.hoasm.org/VIIJ/Crotch.html William Crotch (1775–1847)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Crotch — William Crotch, englischer Komponist. William Crotch (* 5. Juli 1775 in Norwich; † 29. Dezember 1847 in Taunton) war ein englischer Komponist und Organist, der als musikalische Frühbegabung Aufsehen erregte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Crotch — William Crotch, né à Norwich le 5 juillet 1775 et mort à Taunton le 29 décembre 1847, est un organiste et compositeur anglais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Crotch (disambiguation) — Crotch may refer to: Crotch, the region of an object where it splits into two or more limbs George Robert Crotch, a British entomologist William Crotch, an English composer, organist and artist This disambiguation page lists articles associated… …   Wikipedia

  • Crotch — ist der Name von George Robert Crotch (1842–1874), britischer Insektenkundler William Crotch (1775–1847), englischer Komponist und Organist Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Sterndale Bennett — Sir William Sterndale Bennett (13 April 1816 1 February 1875) was an English composer and pianist.Bennett was born at Sheffield, the son of Robert Bennett, an organist. Having lost his father at an early age, he was brought up at Cambridge by his …   Wikipedia

  • William Sterndale Bennett — Sir William Sterndale Bennett Sir William Sterndale Bennett (* 13. April 1816 in Sheffield; † 1. Februar 1875 in St. John s Wood, London) war ein englischer Komponist, Dirigent und Pianist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crotch — This interesting surname is of Anglo Saxon origin, and is a topographical name for someone who lived by a cross. The derivation of the name is from the Middle English crouch , a cross, itself from the Olde English pre 7th Century cruc . This word …   Surnames reference

  • CROTCH, WILLIAM —    musical composer of precocious gifts, and writer in music, born in Norwich; became, in 1797, professor of Music in Oxford, and in 1822 Principal of the Royal Academy; his anthems are well known (1775 1847) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Norwich — For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). City of Norwich Norwich city centre …   Wikipedia

  • Clavier-Übung III — Johann Sebastian Bach, 1746 The Clavier Übung III, sometimes referred to as the German Organ Mass, is a collection of compositions for organ by Johann Sebastian Bach, started in 1735–6 and published in 1739. It is considered to be Bach s most… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.