White Rose of York


White Rose of York

The White Rose of York ("Rosa alba") is the symbol of the House of York and has since been adopted as a symbol of Yorkshire as a whole.cite web |url=http://www.library.phila.gov/medieval/badge.htm|publisher=Free Library of Philadelphia|title=The Edward IV Roll|accessdate=2008-03-21 ]

History

Traditionally the origins of the emblem are said to go back to Edmund of Langley in the 14th century, the first Duke of York and the founder of the House of York as a Cadet branch of the then ruling House of Plantagenet.cite web |url=http://www.yorkshirehistory.com/yorkshirerose.htm|publisher=YorkshireHistory.com|title=The White Rose of Yorkshire|accessdate=2008-03-21 ] The actual symbolism behind the rose has religious connotations as it represents the Virgin Mary, who was often called the "Mystical Rose of Heaven".cite web |url=http://www.yorkshirehistory.com/yorkshirerose.htm|publisher=YorkshireHistory.com|title=The White Rose of Yorkshire|accessdate=2008-03-21 ] The Yorkist rose is white in colour, because in Christian liturgical symbolism, white is the symbol of light, typifing innocence and purity, joy and glory. [ws|"" in the 1913 "Catholic Encyclopedia"]

During the civil wars of the 15th century, the White Rose was the symbol of Yorkist forces opposed to the rival House of Lancaster, whose symbol was the Red Rose of Lancaster.cite web |url=http://www.yorkshirehistory.com/yorkshirerose.htm|publisher=YorkshireHistory.com|title=The White Rose of Yorkshire|accessdate=2008-03-21 ] The opposition of the two roses gave the wars their name: the Wars of the Roses. The conflict was ended by King Henry VII of England, who symbolically united the White and Red Roses to create the Tudor Rose, symbol of the Tudor dynasty. In the late Seventeenth Century the Jacobites took up the White Rose of York as their emblem, celebrating "White Rose Day" on 10 June, the anniversary of the birth of James III and VIII in 1688. Fact|date=March 2007

At the Battle of Minden on August 1, 1759, Yorkshiremen of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry's predecessor the 51st Regiment picked white roses from bushes near to the battlefields as a tribute to their fallen comrades who had died.cite web |url=http://www.yorkshirehistory.com/yorkshirerose.htm|publisher=YorkshireHistory.com|title=The White Rose of Yorkshire|accessdate=2008-03-21 ] They stuck the plucked white roses in their coats as a tribute. [cite web |url=http://www.humanflowerproject.com/index.php/weblog/comments/the_battle_of_minden/|publisher=HumanFlowerProject.com|title=The Battle of Minden|accessdate=2008-03-21 ] Yorkshire Day is held on this date each year.cite web |url=http://www.yorkshirehistory.com/yorkshirerose.htm|publisher=YorkshireHistory.com|title=The White Rose of Yorkshire|accessdate=2008-03-21 ]

ee also

*Wars of the Roses
*Red Rose of Lancaster
*Tudor Rose

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • white-rose-of-York — baltažiedis erškėtis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Erškėtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis kultūrinis augalas (Rosa ×alba). atitikmenys: lot. Rosa × alba angl. cottage rose; rosier blanc; white rose; white rose of York vok. weiße Rose… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • White Plains, New York — Infobox Settlement official name = White Plains, New York settlement type = City image location=White Plains NY.png|thumb|Location of White Plains imagesize = image caption = |pushpin pushpin label position = pushpin map caption =Location within… …   Wikipedia

  • White Rose (disambiguation) — White Rose may refer to:In history: * White Rose, a German resistance movement in World War II * White Rose of York, the symbol of the House of York * Order of the White Rose, an award in Finland * The Society of the White Rose, an anti African… …   Wikipedia

  • White Rose Centre — Infobox shopping mall shopping mall name = White Rose Shopping Centre location = Morley, Leeds, England caption = One White Rose Centre Entrance opening date = 25 March 1997 developer = owner = Land Securities number of stores = 107 number of… …   Wikipedia

  • white rose — baltažiedis erškėtis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Erškėtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis kultūrinis augalas (Rosa ×alba). atitikmenys: lot. Rosa × alba angl. cottage rose; rosier blanc; white rose; white rose of York vok. weiße Rose… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Rose, New York —   Town   …   Wikipedia

  • White Rose — This article is about the German resistance movement. For other uses, see White Rose (disambiguation). Also see Weiße Rose (opera) and Sophie Scholl – Die letzten Tage Monument to the Weiße Rose in front of the Ludwig Maximilian University of… …   Wikipedia

  • White Rose Varsity Tournament — Taking its name from the 15th Century Wars of the Roses where York were represented by the white rose the White Rose Varsity Tournament is a sports competition between the two York based universities in the UK; University of York and York St John …   Wikipedia

  • white rose — Eng. Hist. the emblem of the royal house of York. Cf. red rose, Wars of the Roses. [1550 60] * * * white rose noun (historical) In the Wars of the Roses, the emblem of the House of York • • • Main Entry: ↑white * * * white rose, the emblem of the …   Useful english dictionary

  • White Rose Classic — The White Rose Classic was a golf tournament on the Nationwide Tour. It was only played in 1993. It was played at Honey Run Golf Country Club in York, Pennsylvania. Curt Byrum received $36,000. Winners NIKE White Rose Classic 1993 Curt Byrum …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.