Scottish Reformation Parliament

Scottish Reformation Parliament

The Scottish Reformation Parliament is the name given to the Scottish Parliament commencing in 1560 that passed the major pieces of legislation leading to the Scottish Reformation, most importantly Confession of Faith Ratification Act 1560 [cite web |title=Statute Law: Confession of Faith Ratification Act 1560" |url= |accessdate=2007-08-18] ; and Papal Jurisdiction Act 1560 [cite web |title=Statute Law: Papal Jurisdiction Act 1560" |url= |accessdate=2007-08-18] .

In 1559, John Knox returned to Scotland, marking a new effort in his battle to reform the nation. Until this time many Scottish Protestants were Lutheran, previously led by Patrick Hamilton as well as Calvinists (led by George Wishart). However upon the return of Knox from Geneva, Scottish Protestants rallied around him and the Scottish Reformation came strongly under the influence of Calvinism.

Queen dowager Mary of Guise, acting as regent for her daughter Mary, Queen of Scots, had become keen to crush the Protestants and was determined to use force. Civil war appeared imminent, but each side shrank from the first step. Knox at once became the leader of the reformers. He preached against "idolatry" with the greatest boldness, with the result that what he called the "rascal multitude" began the "purging" of churches and the destruction of monasteries. Mary of Guise died in 1560, at which point Mary, then resident in France, gave permission for Parliament to meet in her absence. The work of the 'Reformation Parliament' was popularly acclaimed, but not formally ratified until seven years later.

Following the signing of the First Covenant in 1557 by the nobles and barons, Parliament abolished 1560 the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland with the Papal Jurisdiction Act.

A Reformed confession of faith was drafted by six ministers: John Winram, John Spottiswoode, John Willock, John Douglas, John Row, and John Knox. On 17 August 1560, the document was read twice, article by article, before the Parliament; and the Protestant ministers stood ready to defend the cause of truth, in the event that any article of belief was assailed.

When the vote was taken, the Confession was ratified and adopted, and the church was organised along Presbyterian lines. The first General Assembly of the Church of Scotland met in Edinburgh, and the First Book of Discipline (1560) was drawn up. The Second Book of Discipline (1581) was ratified by Parliament in 1592 (see General Assembly Act 1592 [cite web |title=Statute Law: General Assembly Act 1592" |url= |accessdate=2007-08-18] ). This definitely settled the Presbyterian form of polity and the Calvinistic doctrine as the recognised Protestant establishment in the country.

ee also

*"History of the Reformation" - Knox’s account of the Reformation in Scotland.
*English Reformation Parliament, 1529-1536


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reformation Parliament — may refer to: * English Reformation Parliament of 1529 1536 * Scottish Reformation Parliament, commencing 1560 …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Reformation — The Scottish Reformation was Scotland s formal break with the Roman Catholic Church in 1560, and the events surrounding this. It was part of the wider European Protestant Reformation; and in Scotland s case culminated ecclesiastically in the re… …   Wikipedia

  • English Reformation Parliament — The English Reformation Parliament was so called because it was the Parliament, commencing in 1529, that passed and enabled the major pieces of legislation leading to the English Reformation. The names of these acts (and others) may be found at… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Episcopal Church — The Scottish Episcopal Church ( gd. Eaglais Easbaigeach na h Alba) is a Christian denomination in Scotland and a member of the Anglican Communion, although it itself has pre Anglican origins. It consists of seven dioceses in Scotland. Like all… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish people — The Scots people (Scots Gaelic: Albannaich ) are a nation [ That I am not exaggerating in calling the Scots people a great nation must be evident to anyone... cite book |last=Bulloch |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Scottish Notes and… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Highlands — The Scottish Highlands (Scottish Gaelic: A Ghàidhealtachd , Scots: Hielans ) include the rugged and mountainous regions of Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, although the exact boundaries are not clearly defined, particularly …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish independence — is a political ambition of a number of political parties, pressure groups and individuals for Scotland to secede from the United Kingdom. The Kingdom of Scotland was an independent state from its own unification in 843, until 1707, when the… …   Wikipedia

  • Parliament of Scotland — This article is about pre 1707 legislature. For the devolved legislative body established in 1999, see Scottish Parliament. Estates of Parliament …   Wikipedia

  • Parliament — This article is about the legislative institution. For other uses, see Parliament (disambiguation). Parliaments redirects here. For the American style doo wop quintet, see The Parliaments. The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Parliament — For the national legislative body before 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. Scottish Parliament Pàrlamaid na h Alba 4th Parliame …   Wikipedia