- Coast to Coast Walk
Coast to Coast Walk St Bees viewed from South Head Length 192 mi (309 km) Location Northern England Designation UK National Trail Trailheads St Bees, Cumbria
Robin Hood's Bay, North Yorkshire
Use Hiking Elevation Change 1,560 m Highest point Kidsty Pike, 780 m (2,559 ft) Lowest point Sea level
The Coast to Coast Walk is a 192-mile (according to a recent re-measuring the real distance is almost 220 miles, although it is difficult to find the source of this alleged re-measuring) unofficial and mostly unsignposted long distance footpath in Northern England. Devised by Alfred Wainwright, it passes through three contrasting national parks: the Lake District National Park, the Yorkshire Dales National Park, and the North York Moors National Park.
In 1991, the route was run in 39 hours 36 minutes and 52 seconds by Mike Hartley, setting a new record, beating the previous record set in 1985 by Mike Cudahy who completed it in 46 hours 49 minutes.
History and status
The Coast to Coast was described by A. Wainwright in his 1973 book "A Coast to Coast Walk". Due to legal restrictions with certain stretches of the path, increased traffic on some of the road sections, and erosion, the exact original route followed by Wainwright is not recommended. Wainwright's book has been revised a number of times in recent years (most recently in 2003) to provide a route which avoids trespass.
Wainwright's book describes the route in 12 stages, each of which ends at a settlement with at least some overnight accommodation. If one stage is walked per day, with one or two rest days, the route makes a two-week holiday, and web logs of coast-to-coasters seem to indicate that this is the most common way of walking the route. However, Wainwright explicitly states that he did not intend people to necessarily stick to these daily stages (or even to his route): splitting two or three stages and increasing the number of rest days reduces day-lengths to 10 or 12 miles) and makes the walk a much easier three-week trip with time to "stand and stare" (an activity much approved of by Wainwright).
“ I want to encourage in others the ambition to devise with the aid of maps their own cross-country marathons and not be merely followers of other people's routes: there is no end to the possibilities for originality and initiative. ”
—A. Wainwright, A Coast to Coast Walk
Although unofficial, the Coast to Coast Walk uses public rights of way (public footpaths, tracks, and minor roads) and is one of the most popular of all the Long-distance footpaths in the UK. In 2004 the walk was named as the second best walk in the world according to a survey of experts. Harveys publish two dedicated strip maps at 1:40,000 scale.
This is given here from west to east - the more popular direction, given in the original and most of the current guides, and the direction which keeps the prevailing wind and rain at one's back, and the evening sun out of one's eyes.
The route begins in West Cumbria, on the shores of the Irish Sea. People choose to begin at St Bees, Whitehaven or Workington. The route then crosses the coastal plain, the Lake District, the Pennines and the North York Moors, and ends on the North Sea coast at Robin Hood's Bay in Yorkshire. Some walkers however, start from the east coast, preferring to have the Lake District as the climax of their walk.
- From the small seaside town of St Bees, where there is a "C to C" monument by the lifeboat station, the route follows the cliffs of St Bees Head north for a few miles before turning inland to pass through the villages of Sandwith, Moor Row and Cleator in the West Cumberland Plain. It then climbs its first hill (Dent), and follows its first valley (Nannycatch) before reaching Ennerdale Bridge.
- The path goes up the valley of Ennerdale along the edge of Ennerdale Water and past the Black Sail Hut youth hostel. It climbs alongside Loft Beck to the fells north of Great Gable, passes the disused slate workings and mountain tramway of Honister, and descends to Rosthwaite in Borrowdale.
- To leave Borrowdale, the route passes Stonethwaite and follows the stream up to Greenup Edge, before travelling along the Helm Crag ridge and down to Grasmere village.
- From Grasmere the route ascends to the pass of Grisedale Hause from where Wainwright offers a choice of three routes: via either of the mountains of Helvellyn or St Sunday Crag, or an easier descent along Patterdale valley, the three options reuniting at Patterdale village.
- From Patterdale, a stiff climb leads to Angle Tarn and Kidsty Pike — at 2,560 feet (780 metres) the highest point on the walk. There is then a steep drop to Haweswater from where the route follows the north shore of the lake before leaving the Lake District and visiting Shap Abbey and the village of Shap itself.
Westmorland and Yorkshire Dales
- From Shap the route crosses the limestone pavement of the Westmorland limestone plateau to the village of Orton, and on to Kirkby Stephen.
- The route climbs to the main west/east watershed of England (which forms the Yorkshire border) on the ridge of Nine Standards Rigg, from where moorland trails and upland streams lead down into Swaledale. To help mitigate the effects of erosion, there are alternative routes at different times of the year. At almost exactly its halfway point, the Coast to Coast crosses the Pennine Way at Keld.
- After Keld, there is then a choice of a high (open and breezy) or low (riverside, with teashops and pubs) routes, both of which lead to Reeth.
- In lower Swaledale, the route passes Marrick Priory, through wooded hillside to the market town of Richmond.
Vale of Mowbray and North York Moors
- After Richmond, the route runs close to the river Wiske (but is more direct) across the flat farming land of the Vale of Mowbray to the village of Danby Wiske, and on to Ingleby Cross.
- The route then climbs to the edge of the North York Moors to join the Cleveland Way as it rises and falls to Clay Bank Top.
- The route continues on the Cleveland Way, crossing Urra Moor to Bloworth Crossing, where The Cleveland Way turns north and the Coast to Coast continues east to Blakey Ridge and the Lion Inn.
- Next, the route continues across the moor before descending Glaisdale Rigg to the village of Glaisdale. From there, a woodland path leads to Egton Bridge where the route follows an old toll road to Grosmont.
- After a climb out of Grosmont, the route crosses Sleights Moor before dropping into Littlebeck Wood (with a hermitage carved out of a single boulder, and the Falling Foss waterfall). From there the route passes through Low and High Hawsker to the cliff tops of the east coast, where it rejoins the Cleveland Way. The path then follows the coast to the south to the village of Robin Hood's Bay.
Places of interest
The following hills are crossed by the route:
- High Stile (variant)
- Helm Crag
- Helvellyn and St Sunday Crag (variants)
- Kidsty Pike
- Nine Standards Rigg/Hartley Fell
- Carlton Bank
- Cringle Moor/High Blakey Moor/Glaisdale Moor
- Urra Moor
- ^ Guided Coast to Coast
- ^ "Wainwright Society Coast to Coast Walk". http://www.wainwright.org.uk/coasttocoast.html. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- ^ "Coast to Coast record". http://www.coast2coast.co.uk/ubb/Forum1/HTML/001941.html. Retrieved 2007-06-22.
- ^ Cudahy, Mike (1989). Wild Trails to Far Horizons. Unwin Hyman, London.
- ^ "Coast walk tops trek to Everest". BBC News. 2004-11-23. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/4034485.stm. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- Wainwright, Alfred (2003). A Coast to Coast Walk: A Pictorial Guide (Wainwright Pictorial Guides). Frances Lincoln, London, UK. ISBN 0-7112-2236-3
- Stedman, Henry (2006). Coast to Coast Path. Trailblazer Publications, Hindhead, Surrey, UK. ISBN 1-873756-92-5.
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