Bilu


Bilu

Bilu ( _he. ביל"ו; acronym based on a verse from the Book of Isaiah (2:5) "בית יעקב לכו ונלכה" ""Beit Ya'akov Lekhu Ve-nelkha" ("House of Jacob, let us go [up] ") was a group of Jewish idealists aspiring to settle in the Land of Israel with the political purpose to redeem Eretz Yisrael and re-establish the Jewish State on it.

The wave of pogroms of 1881-1884 and anti-Semitic "May Laws" of 1882 introduced by Tsar Alexander III of Russia prompted mass emigration of Jews from the Russian Empire. More than 2 million Jews fled Russia between 1880 and 1920. Vast majority of them emigrated to the United States, but some decided to make aliyah.

The first group of Biluim was founded by fourteen ex-university students from Kharkov who in July 1882 arrived in Palestine, a province within the Ottoman Empire which in ancient times had been the site of the historical Jewish homeland. The same month, after an unsuccessful attempt to attend a Jewish farming school in Mikveh Israel, they joined Hovevei Zion pioneers in establishing Rishon LeZion ("First to Zion") as an agricultural cooperative on the purchased lands of the Arab village Eyun Kara. It lacked sufficient fresh water and within a few months, facing starvation, most of them left.

They turned to Baron Edmond James de Rothschild for help, and he provided funds in order to create a wine industry in Palestine. In 1886, construction began on the Rishon Le-Zion winery and eventually it became a successful wine-exporting enterprise.

According to "Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary" (86-volume edition), the region's export of wine and cognac in 1895 alone amounted to 277,000. [http://www.cultinfo.ru/fulltext/1/001/007/076/76301.htm]

With Rothshild's help, the Biluim also founded Zichron Yaakov. In 1884, eight members of the group were offered land in Gedera.

See also

*List of Rishon LeZion notables contains Biluim, among others
*Immigration to Palestine and Israel

The Bilu's aspirations were linked to those of other Zionists of the time such as Hillel and Leon Pinsker.

External links

* [http://www.wzo.org.il/home/movement/bilu.htm The BILU movement and Hovevei Zion] at the WZO
* [http://www.us-israel.org/jsource/Zionism/bilu.html BILU] at the Jewish Virtual Library
* [http://www.multied.com/Israel/1882Bilu.html A history of Israel: Bilu]
* [http://www.zionistarchives.org.il/ZA/SiteE/pShowView.aspx?GM=Y&ID=16&Teur=The%20%93Bilu%94%20movement%20%201882%20%96%201883 Statutes of the BILU Society] at zionistarchives.org.il


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BILU — (Heb. בִּיל״וּ, Hebrew initials of Beit Ya akov Lekhu ve Nelkhah; House of Jacob, come ye and let us go, Isa. 2:5), an organized group of young Russian Jews who pioneered the modern return to Ereẓ Israel. Bilu was a reaction to the 1881 pogroms… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bilu — ist ein hebräisches Akronym nach einem Vers aus dem Buch Jesaja (2:5): Haus Jakob, geht, lasst uns aufbrechen! Beit Ja akov Lekhu Ve nelkha . Es bezeichnet eine Gruppe jüdischer Idealisten, die in Eretz Israel siedeln wollten, um dort eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bilu —    Also known as a yaksha, in Burmese art and mythology, an ogre or demon. Such fearsome creatures figure prominently in the Jataka Tales and are common artistic motifs at Buddhist sites, such as pagodas and temples, where their images serve… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Bilu — (BI lou) A vampiric demon from Burma, the bilu ( blue ) is particularly difficult to detect because it looks exactly like a human, except on closer inspection it has blood red eyes and casts no shadow. A highly skilled predator with enormous… …   Encyclopedia of vampire mythology

  • Bilu —    First Aliyah of Zionist pioneers from Russia, starting in 1882. The word is formed from the first letters of the Hebrew phrase in Isaiah, meaning ‘House of Jacob, come, let us go’ …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • bilu — baby i love you …   Glossary of chat acronyms & text shorthand

  • Bilu Movement —    A Zionist society and movement of Palestinian pioneers from the nonreligious Jewish Russian intellectual leadership, founded in Kharkov in 1882, which spearheaded the First Aliya. It derived its name from the Hebrew acronym of the Biblical… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Asher Bilu — (born 1936) is a highly regarded Australian artist whose paintings, sculpture and installations are fascinating, challenging and extremely moving. He is very prolific and has been widely exhibited in Australia and Europe, with work held by major… …   Wikipedia

  • Talmei Bilu — Infobox Kibbutz kibbutz name = Talmei Bilu foundation = 1953 founded by = Kurdish and Romanian Jews region = North western Negev council = Merhavim industry = affiliation = Hitahdut HaIkarim website =Talmei Bilu ( he. תלמי ביל ו, lit. Bilu… …   Wikipedia

  • Kfar Bilu — Infobox Kibbutz kibbutz name = Kfar Bilu foundation = 1932 founded by = Company of the South region = Shephelah council = Gezer industry = Agriculture affiliation = Moshavim Movement website = Kfar Bilu ( he. כפר ביל ו, lit. Bilu Village ) is a… …   Wikipedia