Red River Delta

Red River Delta
Location of the Red River Delta region in Vietnam

The Red River Delta (Vietnamese: Đồng Bằng Sông Hồng) is the flat plain formed by the Red River and its distributaries joining in the Thai Binh River in northern Vietnam. The delta measuring some 15,000 square km is well protected by a network of dikes. It is an agriculturally rich area and densely populated. Most of the land is devoted to rice cultivation.[1]

Eight provinces together with two municipalities, the capital Hà Nội and the main port Hải Phòng form the delta. It has a population of about ten million.

The region was bombed during the Vietnam War.


Statistics of the Red River Delta
Provinces/Municipality Capital Population (Census April 1, 2009) Area (km²)
Bắc Ninh Bắc Ninh 1,009,800 823.1 km²
Ha Nam Phu Ly 826,600 859.7 km²
Ha Tay Ha Dong 2,543,500 2,198.0 km²
Hai Duong Hai Duong 1,722,500 1,652.8 km²
Hung Yen Hung Yen 1,142,700 923.5 km²
Nam Dinh Nam Dinh 1,974,300 1,650.8 km²
Ninh Binh Ninh Binh 922,600 1,392.4 km²
Thai Binh Thai Binh 1,865,400 1,546.5 km²
Vinh Phuc Vinh Yen 1,180,400 1,373.2 km²
Ha Noi (municipality) 3,216,700 921.8 km²
Hai Phong (municipality) 1,803,400 1,520.7 km²

Notes and references

  1. ^ Whitfield, D. Historical and Cultural Dictionary of Vietnam. Metuchen, NJ: The Scarecrow Press, 1976

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