Frederic Eugene Ives


Frederic Eugene Ives

Frederick Eugene Ives (1856–1937) was a U.S. inventor, born at Litchfield, Connecticut. In 1874–78 he had charge of the photographic laboratory at Cornell University. He moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he was one of the founding members, in 1885, of the Photographic Society of Philadelphia. [ [http://www.philyphotosociety.org/Pages/PSPHIST.html Photographic Society of Philadelphia] official website.]

Color and stereoscopic photography

Ives was a pioneer of color and stereoscopic photography, and demonstrated a system of natural color photography at the 1885 Novelties Exposition of the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia.

As early as 1900, Ives was tinkering with stereoscopic motion pictures. In 1903 Ives patented the "Parallax Stereogram" a method by which an image made up of interlaced stripes would animate when placed behind a stationary array of opaque, vertical bars and moved laterally. By 1923, he and fellow inventor Jacob Leventhal were producing a popular series of 3-D novelty shorts called "Plastigrams". The first one was for Educational Pictures, and the latter ones for Pathé Films.

His son Herbert E. Ives was a pioneer of telephotography and television, including color facsimile.

Half-tone printing

Although he held a patent for the half-tone letterpress as of 1878, the half-tone photoengraving process was first invented by Canadians George-Édouard Desbarats and William Leggo. The process was first employed in 1869 in the "Canadian Illustrated News".

References

External links

* [http://invention.smithsonian.org/Resources/MIND_Repository_Details.aspx?rep_id=517 Ives papers at the Smithsonian]


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