- Bombing of Königsberg in World War II
In 1944 during
World War II, the city of Königsbergwas extensively bombed from the air by the British Royal Air Forceand burned for several days.
Although the city was occasionally bombed by the
Soviet Air Forces, Königsberg was first attacked by the British No. 5 Group, which had been free from deployment for most of the war, on the night of 26/27 August 1944. The raid was at the extreme range for the Avro Lancasterof which 174 flew 950 miles from their bases. This first raid was not particularly successful, most bombs falling on the eastern side of the town and four attacking aircraft were lost.
Three nights later on the 29/30 August, a further 189 Lancasters of No. 5 Group dropped 480 tons of bombs on the centre of the city.
RAF Bomber Commandestimated that 20% of all the industry and 41% of all the housing in Königsberg was destroyed. A heavy German night fighterdefense downed fifteen of the attacking bombers (7.9% of the force). [http://www.raf.mod.uk/bombercommand/aug44.html RAF Bomber Command: Campaign Diary. August 1944] ]
The historic city center, especially the original districts Altstadt,
Löbenicht, and Kneiphof, was nearly destroyed, and 14th Century Cathedral was left a shell. The castle, all churches of the old city, the university, and the old shipping quarter were similarly gutted. The German-Jewish author and musician Michael Wieck, a native of Königsberg, wrote in "A Childhood Under Hitler and Stalin" that "the people of Königsberg shall never expunge these nights of terror from their memory."
In 1945, the prolonged
Battle of Königsberginflicted further damage. The Soviet occupation expelled the German citizens and rebuilt Königsberg as a Russian city of Kaliningrad.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bombing of Dresden in World War II — Dresden after the bombing raid The Bombing of Dresden was a military bombing by the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) and as part of the Allied forces between 13 February and 15 Febr … Wikipedia
Bombing of Hamburg in World War II — History of Hamburg This article is part of a series Hamburg culture … Wikipedia
Bombing of Cologne in World War II — Cologne in 1945 The City of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids by the Allies during World War II, including 31 times[ … Wikipedia
Bombing of Belgrade in World War II — This article is about the bombings of Belgrade during WWII. For NATO bombings in 1999, see 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. The city of Belgrade was bombed during two campaigns in World War II, the first undertaken by the Luftwaffe in 1941, and… … Wikipedia
Bombing of Mannheim in World War II — The German city of Mannheim in the state of Baden Württemberg saw bombing during World War II from December 1940 until the end of the war. Mannheim saw over 150 air raids. As part of Operation Abigail Rachel the first deliberate terror raid on… … Wikipedia
Bombing of Nordhausen in World War II — Nordhausen WWII bombings Part of Strategic bombing campaign in Europe Location Nordhausen (district), Nazi Germany … Wikipedia
Bombing of Minsk in World War II — Minsk after the bombing. The Minsk Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Minsk (population was 270,000) in the USSR during the Second World War. During 24 June 1941 three waves of bombers, of 47 aircraft each, bombed Minsk. The anti aircraft … Wikipedia
World War I — the war fought mainly in Europe and the Middle East, between the Central Powers and the Allies, beginning on July 28, 1914, and ending on November 11, 1918, with the collapse of the Central Powers. Abbr.: WWI Also called Great War, War of the… … Universalium
World War II — the war between the Axis and the Allies, beginning on September 1, 1939, with the German invasion of Poland and ending with the surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945, and of Japan on August 14, 1945. Abbr.: WWII * * * or Second World War (1939–45)… … Universalium
Expulsion of Germans after World War II — The expulsion of Germans after World War II was the forced migration and ethnic cleansing of German nationals ( Reichsdeutsche ) and ethnic Germans ( Volksdeutsche) from the former eastern territories of Germany, former Sudetenland and other… … Wikipedia