- Bombing of Stalingrad in World War II
Stalingrad, a Sovietcity and industrial centre on the river Volga, was bombed heavily by the Luftwaffeduring the Battle of Stalingradin World War II.
At 3:18 pm on
23 August 1942marked the initial bombing and the beginning of the battle for Stalingrad itself. The advance of the Axis troops was well known, but Stalin resisted the evacuation of civilians, in part due to the importance of the city's factories to the war effort. The virtually unopposed German bombers began bombing the city. The Heinkel 111 aircraft each carrying approximately 4400 lbs (2000 kg) of bombs attacked. The extensive bombing caused numerous fires. In the first few hours of bombing, the headquarters of the city's air defences were bombed. Stalingrad was bombed block-by-block for five days.
Many civilians, including women and children were killed in the bombing. The civilians that survived, were involved in preparing the defense of Stalingrad.
There were about 1,000 German bombers, involved in the initial attacks.Fact|date=May 2007 Only 90 were shot down by the inadequate, yet determined Soviet fighters and 30 were hit by Anti-aircraft fire.
40,000 people were killed, and the city was destroyed. However, the rubble caused by the bombing hampered the progress of the German tanks.
Over the course of the battle, the
Germansflew 70,000 sorties dropping over a million bombs. Fact|date=May 2007
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bombing of Dresden in World War II — Dresden after the bombing raid The Bombing of Dresden was a military bombing by the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) and as part of the Allied forces between 13 February and 15 Febr … Wikipedia
Bombing of Hamburg in World War II — History of Hamburg This article is part of a series Hamburg culture … Wikipedia
Bombing of Cologne in World War II — Cologne in 1945 The City of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids by the Allies during World War II, including 31 times[ … Wikipedia
Bombing of Belgrade in World War II — This article is about the bombings of Belgrade during WWII. For NATO bombings in 1999, see 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. The city of Belgrade was bombed during two campaigns in World War II, the first undertaken by the Luftwaffe in 1941, and… … Wikipedia
Bombing of Mannheim in World War II — The German city of Mannheim in the state of Baden Württemberg saw bombing during World War II from December 1940 until the end of the war. Mannheim saw over 150 air raids. As part of Operation Abigail Rachel the first deliberate terror raid on… … Wikipedia
Bombing of Minsk in World War II — Minsk after the bombing. The Minsk Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Minsk (population was 270,000) in the USSR during the Second World War. During 24 June 1941 three waves of bombers, of 47 aircraft each, bombed Minsk. The anti aircraft … Wikipedia
Bombing of Nordhausen in World War II — Nordhausen WWII bombings Part of Strategic bombing campaign in Europe Location Nordhausen (district), Nazi Germany … Wikipedia
World War II — World War II, often known as the Second World War, began on 1 September 1939 when Nazi Germany invaded Poland. However, it had its roots in the situation in Europe after Germany’s defeat in 1918 and the Versailles peace settlement. The desire… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
World War II — the war between the Axis and the Allies, beginning on September 1, 1939, with the German invasion of Poland and ending with the surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945, and of Japan on August 14, 1945. Abbr.: WWII * * * or Second World War (1939–45)… … Universalium
World War II — WWII redirects here. For other uses, see WWII (disambiguation) … Wikipedia